Kyphoscoliosis in a 10-year-old girl with Riley-Day syndrome.
|Classification and external resources|
Kyphoscoliosis describes an abnormal curvature of the spine in both a coronal and sagittal plane. It is a combination of kyphosis and scoliosis. Kyphoscoliosis is a musculoskeletal disorder causing chronic underventilation of the lungs and may be one of the major causes of pulmonary hypertension. It can also be seen in syringomyelia, Friedreich's ataxia and Duchenne muscular dystrophy due to asymmetric weakening of the paraspinal muscles.
- Back braces can control moderate deformities.
- In Germany a standard treatment for kyphoscoliosis as well as the more common scoliosis and kyphosis is the Schroth method of physical therapy.
- Surgical correction is attempted in some to fix the spine and arrest progression of the deformity. Surgical operations may include the use of spinal implants like the Harrington Rod, or the VEPTR.
- Oxygen on long term may be necessary in patients with significant hypoxemia.
- Lehnert-Schroth, Christa (2007). Three-Dimensional Treatment for Scoliosis: A Physiotherapeutic Method for Deformities of the Spine. (Palo Alto, CA: The Martindale Press): 185-187 and passim.
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