Kypseli Square with Kanaris Statue in 2013
Location within Athens
Kypseli (Greek: Κυψέλη, pronounced [ciˈpseli]) is a neighbourhood in central Athens, Greece. It occupies much of the 6th municipal department of the City of Athens, and has a population of around 50,000.
The boundaries of Kypseli are set by Patission Street at the west, by Tourkovounia hill at the east, by the Municipality of Galatsi at the north and by Pedion Areos park at the south. Extensions of Kypseli are Nea ('New') Kypseli which ends at Gyzi neighbourhood and Ano ('Upper') Kypseli which borders with Attiko Park, Papandreou neighbourhood and Galatsi.
History and architecture
Until 1908, when the county engineer Athanasios Georgiadis first bounded and planned Kypseli, Kypseli was a rural area with estates and country houses. In such a house Constantine Kanaris, fighter of the Greek revolution and later prime minister of Greece, lived and died. Also, in 1831, the British admiral Pulteney Malcolm, had architects Eduard Schaubert and Stamatios Kleanthis build him a house which now lies on Agias Zonis Street and houses the Hospice for the Disabled of Athens.
A clearly urban development of Kypseli began in the 1930s with the construction of family houses and the first modern apartment buildings in Athens. The development of apartment buildings was contemporary with Kolonaki and other central neighbourhoods. Although many of the earlier houses were built in a neoclassical or eclectic style, from the 1930s onwards, the designs of newer houses and apartment buildings were influenced by international trends such as modernism, Bauhaus and Art Deco. Adjacent large green areas such as Pedion Areos and Fokionos Negri Street pushed Kypseli to become an upmarket district with many apartment buildings built until the 1960s that addressed to the middle and upper-middle class.
In 1937 the municipal market of Kypseli on Fokionos Negri Street, designed by architect Alexandros Metaxas, was inaugurated by the dictator Ioannis Metaxas. Moreover, the shops on the street level made Kypseli a shopping area. Shopping districts were Kypselis Square, Patission Street, Kypselis Street, Fokionos Negri Street and Amerikis Square. During the 1960s Kypseli also had a vibrant nightlife with many theatres and cinemas, restaurants and cafés, bars and clubs.
Beginning in the 1980s many residents of Kypseli moved to the northern suburbs of Athens and, later, immigrants started using the basements and the small apartments of the buildings as cheap residences. Consequently, the value of real estate decreased even if high apartments on Fokionos Negri Street can be sold more expensively in comparison to the rest of the district. Several areas have remained commercial such as Patission and Fokionos Negri Streets and Kypseli is still known for its many theatres.
- (in Greek) Ντίνα Βαΐου, Το αστικό τοπίο της πολυεθνικής Κυψέλης [Dina Vaiou, The urban landscape of multinational Kypseli].
- Great Greek Encyclopedia, Vol. XV, page 65, 1930.
- (in Greek) Μάχη Τράτσα, "Κυψέλη αρχιτεκτονικών αριστουργημάτων" [Machi Tratsa, "Kypseli of architectural masterpieces"], To Vima, 15 December 2013.
- (in Greek) Βάσω Ρούσση, "Ένθεν και ένθεν της Πατησίων. Από τον εκλεκτικισμό στο μοντέρνο, στο χώρο εξάπλωσης της μεσοπολεμικής αστικής κατοικίας." [Vasso Roussi, "Both sides of Patision Street. From eclecticism to modernism, in an area of expansion of the interwar urban domicile."] monumenta.org. January 2015.
- Ελένη Φεσσά-Εμμανουήλ, Ελληνική Αρχιτεκτονική Εταιρεία: Αρχιτέκτονες του 20ού αιώνα, Ποταμός, Αθήνα 2009 [Eleni Fessa-Emmanouil, Greek Architectural Society: Architects of the 20th century, Potamos, Athens 2009].
- (in Greek) Μάχη Τράτσα, «Από τον Ι. Μεταξά στους Αλληλέγγυους», To Vima, 7 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- (in Greek) Ελίνα Γιαννοπούλου, «Κυψέλη: Η γειτονικά των Εθνών», Ethnos, 17 October 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- Roebuck, Ian (16 March 2011). "Keep Shelly In Athens". Loud And Quiet. Music Is A Potion. 3 (26): 19. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- "Greece Team Colors". rsssf.com. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
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