Kyrgyz presidential election, 2017

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Kyrgyz presidential election, 2017

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  Sooronbay Jeenbekov at the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council meeting, 7 March 2017.jpg Omurbek Babanov, October 2011.jpeg
Nominee Sooronbay Jeenbekov Ömürbek Babanov
Party SDPK Independent
Popular vote 920,620 568,665
Percentage 54.22% 33.49%

2017 Kyrgyzstani presidential election map by districts.svg
Map of the election results by districts.

President before election

Almazbek Atambayev
SDPK

President-elect

Sooronbay Jeenbekov
SDPK

National emblem of Kyrgyzstan 2016.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kyrgyzstan
Constitution
Legislative

Presidential elections were held in Kyrgyzstan on 15 October 2017.[1] Incumbent President Almazbek Atambayev was not allowed to run again because the constitution sets a single six-year term for the head of state.[2] Eleven candidates registered for the race, and from this field Sooronbay Jeenbekov of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan won more than 50% of the vote, avoiding a runoff.[3] Following certification of the results on 30 October,[4] Jeenbekov was inaugurated as President of Kyrgyzstan on 24 November.[5] The election, though not without flaws, was Central Asia’s first ever truly competitive election.[6]

Background[edit]

The election was originally scheduled for the third Sunday in November (19 November 2017), but since Atambayev's term was set to expire on 1 December, opposition lawmakers in the Supreme Council demanded that the date be brought forward, so that there would be room for a second round of voting and the inauguration ceremony before 1 December, as to prevent a conflict of law. Atambayev announced on 29 May 2017 that the election will be held on 15 October.[7]

In December 2016, a referendum was held on strengthening the power of the Prime Minister and was approved by 80% of voters.

A total of 773 international monitors from 59 countries and 44 international organisations were registered to observe the election,[8] which was noted for its uniqueness in the Central Asia region: firstly, it marked the first change of a president that was not the result of a death or a revolution, and secondly, the results of the election were not known beforehand.[9][10]

In early August 2017, the leaders of three opposition parties – Onuguu–Progress, Butun Kyrgyzstan, and Respublika–Ata Zhurt – announced the creation of a coalition called Kaira Zharaluu (Revival), which was to field a single candidate – Bakyt Torobayev.[11] This agreement fell through, with each leader registering separately to participate in the election. Going into the election, Temir Sariyev, Ömürbek Babanov, and Sooronbay Jeenbekov, all former prime ministers, were considered to be the leading candidates.[12]

In September 2017, after the president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, met Kyrgyz opposition leader Ömürbek Babanov, the Kyrgyz Ministry of Foreign Affairs accused Kazakhstan of interfering in the Kyrgyz election.[13]

Electoral system[edit]

The President of Kyrgyzstan is elected using the two-round system.[14] None of the presidential elections held since Kyrgyzstan gained its independence from the Soviet Union have gone into a second round.[15] Under the 2010 constitution, the presidential term is six years. Re-election is not permitted.[16]

Prior to the election, 2,973,525 Kyrgyz citizens were eligible to vote.[17] This figure was later revised upwards to 3,025,770. Of those, 22,281 were eligible to vote one day early, on 14 October, because they were in hospital or incarcerated, unable to visit polling stations due to poor health, or lived in remote regions.[18]

Registered candidates[edit]

Originally 13 people were registered to participate in the election and listed on the ballot papers.

However, following registration a number of candidates withdrew.

Kamchybek Tashiev decided to withdraw in favour of Sooronbay Jeenbekov on 25 September.[19][20] On 17 September, Bakyt Torobayev formed an alliance with Ömürbek Babanov and agreed that should Babanov win, he would become prime minister.[21] Yet on 6 October, Torobayev announced his withdrawal from the race.[22] On 13 October, Azimbek Beknazarov bowed out of the race.[23] All three of the above remained on the ballot because they withdrew after the ballot papers had been finalised and printed.

The remaining 10 people, most of which are independents, were officially registered as candidates and participated in the election:[24][12]

Number on ballot[25] Name Occupation Nominated by
1 Ernis Zarlykov Ex-First Vice Mayor of Bishkek Independent
2 Toktaiym Umetalieva Civic activist[26] Independent
3 Temir Sariyev Leader of Akshumkar, ex-Prime Minister (2015–16) Akshumkar
4 Ulukbek Kochkorov Leader of Zhany Door Independent
5 Taalatbek Masadykov International relations specialist Independent
6 Ömürbek Babanov Leader of Respublika–Ata Zhurt, ex-Prime Minister (2011) Independent
7 Arstanbek Abdyldayev Businessman Independent
8 Azimbek Beknazarov Lawyer Independent
9 Sooronbay Jeenbekov Ex-Prime Minister (2016–17) Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
10 Adakhan Madumarov Leader of Butun Kyrgyzstan Butun Kyrgyzstan
11 Kamchybek Tashiev Co-chairman of Respublika–Ata Zhurt Respublika–Ata Zhurt
12 Arslanbek Maliyev Leader of Aalam Independent
13 Bakyt Torobayev Leader of Onuguu–Progress, Member of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan Onuguu–Progress

Registration of candidates[edit]

In order to register as an official candidate, one had to be nominated by a political party or complete the relevant documentation for running as an independent, pay a deposit of 1 million soms, collect signatures from 30,000 registered voters and pass an exam certifying above-average proficiency in the Kyrgyz language.[27] The CEC accepted signatures until the end of 25 August 2017,[28] and registered candidates until 10 September.

A total of 59[29] people initially declared their intention to run for the presidency; 48 self-nominees and 11 nominated by political parties. The Central Election Commission announced on 16 August 2017 that the number of applicants had dropped to 50.[30] One high-profile potential candidate, opposition leader Omurbek Tekebaev, was convicted on corruption and fraud charges on 16 August 2017,[31] and as such could not run for president. On the next day the Central Election Commission invalidated the list of signatures presented by Tekebaev because he violated financing rules.[32]

On 26 August, the CEC reported that 24 people had submitted the required amount of signatures.[33] Meanwhile, 15 people had failed to provide any signatures and five people had failed the required Kyrgyz language test in addition to not providing signatures.[34]

By 10 September – the end of the registration period – the CEC had rejected a total of 37 people and nine had withdrawn.[35] The remaining 13 were officially registered as participants in the election.

The 11 candidates nominated by political parties, both major and minor, were:[36]

Jeenbekov resigned as Prime Minister on 21 August 2017, after being named as an official candidate. He stated that he "[wanted] to be in an equal position with other presidential candidates".[37] The incumbent, Atambayev, has been criticised by opponents for using his position to promote the candidacy of Jeenbekov, a longtime ally.[38]

Six of the eleven—Akimov, Asanbekov, Isaev, Keldibekov, Masaliev, and Tursunbek—were rejected by the CEC[39] for not collecting enough valid signatures from voters. The remaining five were officially registered in the presidential race. One of them, Kamchybek Tashiev, later withdrew from the race.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Poll source Sariyev Babanov Torobaev Tekebaev Jeenbekov Madumarov Tursunbek Undecided Against all
1–15 July 2017 SKDS 18% 14% 11% 7% 4% 4% 3% 19% 20%

Which politicians or public figures do you trust the most? (Three spontaneous answers)

Date Poll source Babanov Atambaev Torobaev Tashiev Madumarov Tekebaev Sariev Murzakmatov Jeenbekov
15 February – 2 March 2017 Center for Insights in Survey Research 35% 31% 11% 11% 7% 7% 3% 3% 3%

Results[edit]

Establishment candidate Sooronbay Jeenbekov won the election with more than 50% of the vote.[40] Final results were released within three days of the election.[41] As the results were not disputed, Jeenbekov was inaugurated on 24 November. Election monitors from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe gave a "generally positive" report of the election's fairness, but made note of concerns over "misuse of public resources, pressure on voters and vote buying",[3] as well as media bias and the arrest of opposition leader Omurbek Tekebayev and some of Babanov’s supporters before the vote.[6]

Candidate Party Votes %
Sooronbay Jeenbekov SDPK 920,620 54.22
Ömürbek Babanov Independent 568,665 33.49
Adakhan Madumarov Butun Kyrgyzstan 110,284 6.57
Temir Sariyev Akshumar 43,311 2.55
Taalatbek Masadykov Independent 10,803 0.64
Ulukbek Kochkorov Independent 8,498 0.50
Azimbek Beknazarov Independent 2,743 0.16
Arstanbek Abdyldayev Independent 2,015 0.12
Arslanbek Maliyev Independent 1,621 0.10
Ernis Zarlykov Independent 1,554 0.09
Toktaiym Umetalieva Independent 1,473 0.09
Against all 12,371 0.73
Invalid/blank votes 13,902 0.82
Total 1,697,868 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,014,434 56.32
Source: Central Election Commission

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atambaev Says Kyrgyzstan To Hold Presidential Vote On October 15 Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty, 29 May 2017.
  2. ^ Putz, Catherine (16 February 2017). "Kyrgyzstan Sets November Date for Presidential Election". The Diplomat. Trans-Asia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Gizitdinov, Nariman (15 October 2017). "Jeenbekov Wins Kyrgyz Presidential Vote as Rival Urges Stability". Bloomberg News. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  4. ^ Центризбирком определил результаты выборов Президента Кыргызской Республики 15 октября 2017 года
  5. ^ "At Final Press Conference, Kyrgyz President Atambaev Plots His Political Future". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  6. ^ a b "Kyrgyzstan holds an election that was not a foregone conclusion". The Economist. 18 October 2017. 
  7. ^ Xuequan, Mu (30 May 2017). "Kyrgyzstan sets date for 2017 presidential election". Xinhua. Bishkek. Xinhua. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  8. ^ Центризбирком аккредитовал 2 международных наблюдателя
  9. ^ Shades Of A Vendetta Dim Kyrgyzstan's Bright Moment
  10. ^ Kyrgyzstan's Presidential Election Looks To Be A Cliffhanger
  11. ^ Kyrgyzstan: Opposition Front Collapses In Sight of Election
  12. ^ a b Presidential Candidates Start Campaigning In Kyrgyzstan
  13. ^ "Kyrgyzstan Protests Over Kazakh 'Support' for Opposition Candidate". The New York Times. 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  14. ^ Kyrgyzstan IFES
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Factbox: Key political risks to watch in Kyrgyzstan Reuters, 1 October 2010.
  17. ^ Цифра дня. 2 млн 973 тыс. 525 избирателей смогут выбрать президента
  18. ^ ЦИК КР: 14 октября 22 281 избиратель проголосует досрочно вне помещений для голосования.
  19. ^ Kamchybek Tashiev officially withdraws from presidential race
  20. ^ ЦИК КР отменил регистрацию кандидата на должность Президента Кыргызской Республики К.Ташиева
  21. ^ Following The Twists, Turns In Kyrgyzstan's Presidential Race
  22. ^ ЦИК КР отменил регистрацию кандидата на должность Президента Кыргызской Республики Б.Торобаева
  23. ^ Kyrgyzstan's 'Revolution Bulldozer' Bows Out Of Politics
  24. ^ Отчет о движении денежных средств из избирательных фондов кандидатов на должность Президента Кыргызской Республики
  25. ^ ЦИК КР провел жеребьевку между зарегистрированными кандидатами на должность Президента КР по определению очередности включения в избирательный бюллетень
  26. ^ Losing Candidate In Kyrgyz Presidential Election Who Wins In Long Run
  27. ^ Pannier, Bruce (17 June 2017). "Kyrgyzstan's Presidential Election Looks To Be A Cliffhanger". Qishloq Ovozi. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  28. ^ В ЦИК КР поступили подписные листы кандидата на должность Президента КР К.Шайымбетова
  29. ^ [2]
  30. ^ Kostenko, Julia (16 August 2017). "50 people apply for post of president of Kyrgyzstan". 24.kg. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  31. ^ "Kyrgyz opposition leader convicted ahead of election". Reuters. 16 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  32. ^ "Kyrgyz Court Upholds Rejection Of Jailed Opposition Leader's Campaign Signatures". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-09-06. 
  33. ^ ЦИК КР отказал в регистрации 20 кандидатам на должность Президента КР
  34. ^ Kostenko, Julia (17 August 2017). "Пять кандидатов в президенты Кыргызстана провалили экзамен по госязыку". 24.kg. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  35. ^ Общая информация о кандидатах на должность Президента Кыргызской Республики 2017
  36. ^ "Список кандидатов выдвинутых на должность Президента Кыргызской Республики 2017 - ЦИК КР". shailoo.gov.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  37. ^ "Kyrgyz PM Jeenbekov Resigns To Run For President". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 21 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  38. ^ Atambaev Issues Fiery Warning Ahead Of Kyrgyz Presidential Vote
  39. ^ "Общая информация о кандидатах на должность Президента Кыргызской Республики 2017 - ЦИК КР". shailoo.gov.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-09-06. 
  40. ^ Analysis: In Kyrgyzstan, An Unexpected Victory For Atambaev's Chosen Candidate
  41. ^ If the election results won't be disputed, inauguration must take place before December 4

External links[edit]