Kyzylorda

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Coordinates: 44°51′N 65°31′E / 44.850°N 65.517°E / 44.850; 65.517

Kyzylorda
Қызылорда
Official seal of Kyzylorda
Seal
Kyzylorda is located in Kazakhstan
Kyzylorda
Kyzylorda
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 44°51′0″N 65°31′0″E / 44.85000°N 65.51667°E / 44.85000; 65.51667
Country Kazakhstan
Region Kyzylorda Region
Founded 1820
City status 1867
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Nurlybek Nalibeav
Area
 • Total 2,400 km2 (900 sq mi)
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 200,900
 • Density 84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Postal code 120001 - 120018
Area code(s) +7 7242
Vehicle registration N
Website www.kyzylorda-city.kz

Kyzylorda (Kazakh: Қызылорда, Qızılorda), formerly known as Kzyl-Orda (Russian: Кзыл-Орда), Ak-Mechet (Russian: Ак-Мечеть), Perovsk (Russian: Перовск), and Fort-Perovsky (Russian: Форт-Перовский), is a city in Kazakhstan, capital of Kyzylorda Region. The city has a population of 157,400 (1999 Census). The Syr Darya River passes through the city. Population: 188,682 (2009 Census results);[1] 157,364 (1999 Census results).[1]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1820 as a Kokand fortress of Ak-Mechet (also spelled Aq Masjid or Aq Mechet[citation needed]), literally meaning a white mosque.[2] Yaqub Beg was the fort's commander.[citation needed] In 1853, the fort was taken by the Russian troops of General Vasily Perovsky.[2] The Russians then established a new fort and called it Fort-Perovsky (Форт-Перо́вский), after the general; the town of Perovsk (Перо́вск) later developed around the fort.[2] In 1925, the city was renamed Kzyl-Orda (Кзыл-Орда)[2] when it briefly became the capital of the Kazak ASSR. The name literally means a red city, from the Turkic "кзыл" (red; used here as the usual Soviet ideological connotation) and the Turkic Mongolian "орда" (city).[2] "Kyzylorda", the Kazakh-based romanized name, came into use after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Kyzylorda has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk) with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is low throughout the year, particularly in the summer months. Snow is common, though light, in winter. The lowest temperature on record is −33.9 °C (−29.0 °F), recorded in February 1969, and the highest temperature is 46.0 °C (114.8 °F), recorded in July 1975.

Climate data for Kyzylorda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
21.4
(70.5)
30.7
(87.3)
39.3
(102.7)
41.4
(106.5)
44.6
(112.3)
46.0
(114.8)
44.7
(112.5)
42.0
(107.6)
34.3
(93.7)
26.0
(78.8)
17.2
(63)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
20.3
(68.5)
27.2
(81)
32.9
(91.2)
34.3
(93.7)
32.6
(90.7)
26.1
(79)
17.4
(63.3)
7.2
(45)
−0.3
(31.5)
17.0
(62.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−5.0
(23)
2.7
(36.9)
13.3
(55.9)
20.3
(68.5)
26.1
(79)
27.8
(82)
25.7
(78.3)
18.6
(65.5)
10.2
(50.4)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.7
(23.5)
10.8
(51.4)
Average low °C (°F) −10.3
(13.5)
−9.2
(15.4)
−2.2
(28)
6.9
(44.4)
13.2
(55.8)
18.8
(65.8)
20.8
(69.4)
18.6
(65.5)
11.7
(53.1)
4.0
(39.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
5.2
(41.4)
Record low °C (°F) −33.0
(−27.4)
−33.9
(−29)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−8.0
(17.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.2
(45)
10.9
(51.6)
6.0
(42.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.6
(9.3)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−33.9
(−29)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
15
(0.59)
17
(0.67)
16
(0.63)
16
(0.63)
10
(0.39)
6
(0.24)
4
(0.16)
4
(0.16)
10
(0.39)
17
(0.67)
17
(0.67)
151
(5.94)
Average rainy days 4 4 6 6 6 3 2 2 2 5 6 6 54
Average snowy days 12 9 4 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 3 9 38
Average relative humidity (%) 78 74 65 49 41 41 34 34 40 52 70 77 54
Source: Weatherbase[3]

Agriculture[edit]

Kyzylorda is also known for its rice production. There are many hundreds of hectares of rice grown in the area and at least two rice mills operate in the city.[4]

Education[edit]

In the sphere of education there are 285 comprehensive schools where 150472 students are taught in the region. They are: 17 secondary professional educations and 13 professional technical schools. In sphere of higher education there are 11 higher educational institutions, among them 1 is state, 5 are branches and 5 not state High Education Institutes. In the region there are 67 children's preschool establishments where 4476 children are brought up.

Kyzylorda State University (KSU) after Korkyt ata[5] is the leading center of education, a science and culture in Aral region of Republic Kazakhstan. Learning on the traditions developed for 65 years history, the university trains highly skilled specialists on 54 specialties, at 11 faculties, 48 chairs, on 20 specialties of a bachelor of degree and 7 specialties of magistracy.

Transportation[edit]

The Syr Darya River flows through the city

Kyzylorda has one airport and has developed as the supply center of the important oilfields in the nearby Turgay Basin.

Sport[edit]

For regular employment of the population of region by physical training and sport there are 7 stadiums, 6 sports complexes, 1 swimming pool, 1 track and field athletics arena, 1 hippodrome, 113 shooting galleries,4 tennis courts, 687 sports-ground, 136 playgrounds, 15 sports nucleus, 1 bowling center, 168 adapted gymnasiums (gyms).

In May 2005 Ilya Ilin won the world championship among youthful sportsmen in Pusan (S.Korea), Rusjianovsky Roman became the bronze prize-winner. A victory of 17-year-old sportsman of heavy athletics Ilya Ilin in the world championship in Qatar was the triumph of the year. He improved a personal record, established two records of the world among youthful sportsmen.

In December cyclists finished the participation of regional sportsmen in the international competitions. In December, 15-18,2005 they took part in the championship of Asia on a bicycle track, Berik Kupeshov(recently rider of the Astana Cycling Team) and Kilibayev Alexander became champions of the Asian contingent.

Within one year players of handball club "Seihun-KАМ" were success they won the first place in the republic championship. The beginning of 2006 was successful in the republic championship on the Greco-Roman wrestling in weight categories of 55 and 74 kg (121 and 163 lb) Kuketov Ermek and Zhusipov Dastan won a gold, medal and Bakhyt Sagaev became a bronze prize-winner.

The city sent a bandy team to the Spartakiade 2009.[6]

Tourism[edit]

Kyzylorda region is one of the historical centers of the Silk Road. The tourist centers organize tourist trips on this route, which includes historical places in the cities of Sauran and Shyganak, the archeological monuments and mausoleums of Sunak Ata, Aikozha Ishan, Karasopy, Okshy Ata, Dosball be, Esabyz, the Aktas mosque, the memorial complex of Korkyt Ata and the well-known Baikonur cosmodrome.

There are 543 monuments in Kyzylorda region, 495 of them are deemed to be of great value as historical and religious monuments and architectural, archeological monuments and mausoleums to the outstanding people of Kazakhstan.

The regional management of tourism and sport and other tourist companies took part in the Berlin International Tourist Stock Exchange and the International Tourist Fair in Almaty.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kyzylorda is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Pospelov, p. 24
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kyzylorda, Kazakhstan". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ Staff US Rice Producers Association
  5. ^ korkyt.kz
  6. ^ Спартакиада-2009. - Фототека - Бесплатные онлайн-тесты
  7. ^ "Kardeş Şehirler". Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi Basın Koordinasyon Merkez. Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary." Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.

External links[edit]