Location within Quebec TE.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 1, 2006|
|• Mayor||Émile Loranger|
|• Federal riding||Louis-Saint-Laurent|
|• Prov. riding||La Peltrie|
|• Total||7.70 km2 (2.97 sq mi)|
|• Land||7.63 km2 (2.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,193.6/km2 (5,681/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||1.4%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
L'Ancienne-Lorette is a city in central Quebec, Canada. It is a suburb of and an enclave within Quebec City. It was merged with Quebec City on January 1, 2002 as part of a 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, but after a 2004 referendum it was reconstituted as a separate city on January 1, 2006.
Its history dates back to 1674 when a group of Hurons fleeing war with the Iroquois settled there under the protection of the French. They left after a few decades and French settlers took over the land.
A colony started when the Jesuit Pierre Chaumonot in 1674 when he built a chapel for the Hurons. Following his third and final trip to the shrine of Loreto in Italy, Chaumonot was cured of a terrible headache. In gratitude, he placed the colony under the patronage of Our Lady of the Annunciation, but it is still commonly called Lorette.
In 1697, the Hurons left in search of better land for hunting and fishing. Afterwards the site became known as Vieille-Lorette ("Old Loreto") or Ancienne-Lorette ("Former Loreto"). A new location became known as Nouvelle-Lorette ("New Loreto") or Jeune-Lorette ("Young Loreto"), and roughly corresponds to the Loretteville of today. A year later in 1698, the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation was established.
In 1948, the place was incorporated as the village municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. In 1967, it gained town status and was took back its original name, L'Ancienne-Lorette, to distinguish itself from a Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Lac-Saint-Jean region.
Until 1971, L'Ancienne-Lorette was the gateway to Quebec's International Airport, which therefore used to be known as L'Ancienne-Lorette Airport. In 1971 the rural section of the town that included the airport was annexed by Sainte-Foy.
On January 1, 2002, L'Ancienne-Lorette was merged with Quebec City as part of a province-wide municipal reorganization and became part of the Laurentien borough of that city. After a 2004 referendum it again became an independent city on January 1, 2006.
According to the Canada 2006 Census:
- Population: 16,516
- % Change (2001–2006): +3.7
- Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 7075 (total dwellings: 7183)
- Area (km²): 7.63 km²
- Density (persons per km²): 2,163.7
- Mother tongue:
- English as first language: 1.5%
- French as first language: 97.4%
- English and French as first language: 0.2%
- Other as first language: 0.9%
- Population in 2011: 16745 (2006 to 2011 population change: 1.4%)
- Population in 2006: 16,516
- Population in 2001: 15,929
- Population in 1996: 15,895
- Population in 1991: 15,242
In 2006, L'Ancienne-Lorette was 98.9% White, 0.3% Aboriginal, and 0.8% Visible Minorities.
Notable people born in L'Ancienne-Lorette
- Antoine Plamondon (ca. 1804-1895), artist
- Patrice Bergeron, NHL hockey centre for the Boston Bruins
- Mario Marois, NHL defenceman, principally for the Quebec Nordiques
- Félix Auger-Aliassime (raised in L'Ancienne-Lorette), Canadian professional tennis player, junior singles and doubles US Open champion
- "L'Ancienne-Lorette (ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: L'Ancienne-Lorette
- Statistics Canada 2011 Census - L'Ancienne-Lorette census profile
- Statistics Canada 2006 Census - L'Ancienne-Lorette community profile
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March - 5 April 2004. 58.
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