L'Enfant Plaza station

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L'Enfant Plaza
L'Enfant Plaza upper level, facing outbound.jpg
Intersecting vaults above the Yellow Line and Green Line platforms
Location600 Maryland Avenue SW (Metro)
690 Virginia Avenue SW (VRE)
Southwest, Washington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′05″N 77°01′19″W / 38.884775°N 77.021964°W / 38.884775; -77.021964Coordinates: 38°53′05″N 77°01′19″W / 38.884775°N 77.021964°W / 38.884775; -77.021964
Owned byWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Line(s)RF&P Subdivision (VRE station)
Platforms2 side platforms (upper level)
1 island platform (lower level)
1 side platform (VRE)
TracksMetro: 4 (2 upper level, 2 lower level)
RF&P Subdivision: 3
ConnectionsBus transport Metrobus: 5A, 52, 74, A9, V1
Bus transport DC Circulator:      Eastern Market–L'Enfant Plaza
Bus transport MTA Maryland Commuter Bus
Bus transport Loudoun County Transit
Bus transport OmniRide Commuter
Construction
Platform levels2
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeF03 (Metro upper level)
D03 (Metro lower level)
Fare zoneZone 1 (VRE)
History
OpenedJuly 1, 1977 (July 1, 1977) (WMATA)
June 22, 1992 (1992-06-22)[1] (VRE)
Traffic
Passengers (2017)20,235 daily [2]Decrease 0.78% (Metro)
Services
Preceding station Virginia Railway Express Following station
Crystal City
toward Broad Run
Manassas Line Washington, D.C.
Terminus
Crystal City Fredericksburg Line
Preceding station WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro Following station
Smithsonian Blue Line Federal Center SW
Smithsonian Silver Line
Smithsonian
toward Vienna
Orange Line Federal Center SW
Waterfront Green Line Archives
toward Greenbelt
Pentagon
toward Huntington
Yellow Line

L'Enfant Plaza is an intermodal transit station located at L'Enfant Plaza in the Southwest Federal Center neighborhood of Washington, D.C.. It consists of an underground Washington Metro rapid transit station and an elevated Virginia Railway Express commuter rail station.

The Metro station, which opened on July 1, 1977, is one of three major interchange stations on the Metro system. It serves five of the six Metro lines: the Green Line and Yellow Line with two side platforms on the upper level; and the Blue Line, Orange Line, and Silver Line with one island platform on the lower level.

The VRE station, which has a single side platform serving the northernmost of the three tracks of the RF&P Subdivision, is served by the Manassas Line and Fredericksburg Line.

History[edit]

The VRE platform, which opened in 1992

The lower level of the Metro station opened on July 1, 1977 as part of the opening of 11.8 miles (19.0 km) of the Blue Line between National Airport and Stadium–Armory.[3] Orange Line service began on November 20, 1978 when the extension to New Carrollton opened.[3] The upper level opened with the opening of the Yellow Line on April 30, 1983; Green Line service began on May 11, 1991.[3] Silver Line service on the lower level began on July 26, 2014.[4][3]

The VRE station opened with the Manassas Line on June 22, 1992. The Fredericksburg Line began service on July 20, 1992.[1] L'Enfant is the northern terminus of 40% of trips on VRE.[5] A 2010 city report analyzed options to expand the station, including the potential extension of MARC service from Union Station to L'Enfant or Alexandria.[5]

L'Enfant Plaza was the setting of a 2007 Pulitzer Prize-winning article by Washington Post reporter Gene Weingarten where world-famous classical violinist Joshua Bell performed outside the station at rush hour disguised as a street musician.[6]

On January 12, 2015, smoke appeared in the station during the afternoon rush hour, causing one death.[7]

Station layout[edit]

The 7th Street headhouse of the Metro station visually echoes the arched roof of the underground station

The station complex is located the Southwest Federal Center area of Southwest, Washington, DC, centered around the intersection of 7th Street SW and D Street SW. The Metro station has three levels: a fare mezzanine, the Yellow/Green Line upper level with two side platforms, and the Orange/Blue/Silver Line lower level with one island platform. The north-south upper level stretches from C Street to E Street; the east-west lower level stretches from 9th Street to 6th Street. Metro entrances are located at the L'Enfant Plaza shopping mall concourse at 9th and D Streets, on D Street between 6th and 7th Streets, and at Maryland Avenue and 7th Street.[5] Additional headhouses may be eventually added.[5]

The VRE platform is located on the north side of the three-track RF&P Subdivision, which is elevated above Virginia Avenue SW between 6th Street and 7th Street. Stairs lead to the station from 6th Street and 7th Street; a ramp leads to the station from C Street west of 7th Street.[5] Most Amtrak intercity trains do not stop at L'Enfant, though several Northeast Regional trains stop for VRE passengers only as part of a ticket cross-honoring agreement.[8]

VRE platforms Side platform, doors will open on the left, right
Track 1      Manassas Line toward Broad Run (Crystal City)
     Fredericksburg Line toward Spotsylvania (Crystal City)
     Manassas Line and      Fredericksburg Line toward Union Station (Terminus)
← Amtrak and      Manassas Line (select trains) do not stop here →
Track 2 ← Amtrak and      Manassas Line (select trains) do not stop here →
Track 3 ← Amtrak and      Manassas Line (select trains) do not stop here →
G Street level Exit/entrance
B1 WMATA mezzanine Fare control and station agent
B2
Green/Yellow Line platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound WMATA Green.svg and WMATA Yellow.svg toward Greenbelt (Archives)
Southbound WMATA Green.svg toward Branch Avenue (Waterfront)
WMATA Yellow.svg toward Huntington (Pentagon)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
B3
Blue/Orange/Silver Line platforms
Westbound WMATA Blue.svg toward Franconia – Springfield (Smithsonian)
WMATA Orange.svg toward Vienna (Smithsonian)
WMATA Silver.svg toward Wiehle – Reston East (Smithsonian)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Eastbound WMATA Blue.svg and WMATA Silver.svg toward Largo Town Center (Federal Center SW)
WMATA Orange.svg toward New Carrollton (Federal Center SW)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Taube, Richard K. (August 11, 2008). "Chronology of the Virginia Railway Express: 1964 to Present" (PDF). Virginia Railway Express. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 17, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). WMATA. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Sequence of Metrorail openings" (PDF). Metro Facts 2017. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2017. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2018.
  4. ^ Halsey, Ashley, III; Aratani, Lori; Duggan, Paul (July 26, 2014). "All aboard! Metro's new Silver Line rolls down the tracks for the first time". Washington Post.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Maryland Avenue Southwest Plan" (PDF). District of Columbia Office of Planning. April 2012. pp. 2–6, 2–8.
  6. ^ Weingarten, Gene (April 8, 2007). "Pearls Before Breakfast: Can one of the nation's great musicians cut through the fog of a D.C. rush hour? Let's find out". Washington Post.
  7. ^ Zauzmer, Julie; Duggan, Paul; Hermann, Peter (January 12, 2015). "One dead after smoke fills Metro station, forcing evacuation". The Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  8. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2017: District of Columbia" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017.

External links[edit]