L'Enfant Plaza station
Intersecting vaults above the Yellow Line and Green Line platforms
|Location||600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C.|
|Owned by||Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority|
|Line(s)||RF&P Subdivision (VRE station)|
|Platforms||2 side platforms (upper level)|
1 island platform (lower level)
1 side platform (VRE)
|Tracks||Metro: 4 (2 upper level, 2 lower level)|
RF&P Subdivision: 3
|Connections|| Metrobus: 5A, 52, 74, A9, V1|
DC Circulator: Eastern Market–L'Enfant Plaza
MTA Maryland Commuter Bus
Loudoun County Transit
Ride Smart Northern Shenandoah Valley
|Station code||F03 (Metro upper level)|
D03 (Metro lower level)
|Fare zone||Zone 1 (VRE)|
|Opened||July 1, 1977 (WMATA)|
June 22, 1992 (VRE)
|Passengers (2017)||20,235 daily  0.78% (Metro)|
L'Enfant Plaza is an intermodal transit station located at L'Enfant Plaza in the Southwest Federal Center neighborhood of Washington, D.C.. It consists of an underground Washington Metro rapid transit station and an elevated Virginia Railway Express commuter rail station.
The Metro station, which opened on July 1, 1977, is one of three major interchange stations on the Metro system. It serves five of the six Metro lines: the Green Line and Yellow Line with two side platforms on the upper level; and the Blue Line, Orange Line, and Silver Line with one island platform on the lower level.
The lower level of the Metro station opened on July 1, 1977 as part of the opening of 11.8 miles (19.0 km) of the Blue Line between National Airport and Stadium–Armory. Orange Line service began on November 20, 1978 when the extension to New Carrollton opened. The upper level opened with the opening of the Yellow Line on April 30, 1983; Green Line service began on May 11, 1991. Silver Line service on the lower level began on July 26, 2014.
The VRE station opened with the Manassas Line on June 22, 1992. The Fredericksburg Line began service on July 20, 1992. L'Enfant is the northern terminus of 40% of trips on VRE. A 2010 city report analyzed options to expand the station, including the potential extension of MARC service from Union Station to L'Enfant or Alexandria.
L'Enfant Plaza was the setting of a 2007 Pulitzer Prize-winning article by Washington Post reporter Gene Weingarten where world-famous classical violinist Joshua Bell performed outside the station at rush hour disguised as a street musician.
On January 12, 2015, smoke appeared in the station during the afternoon rush hour, causing one death.
The station complex is located the Southwest Federal Center area of Southwest, Washington, DC, centered around the intersection of 7th Street SW and D Street SW. The Metro station has three levels: a fare mezzanine, the Yellow/Green Line upper level with two side platforms, and the Orange/Blue/Silver Line lower level with one island platform. The north-south upper level stretches from C Street to E Street; the east-west lower level stretches from 9th Street to 6th Street. Metro entrances are located at the L'Enfant Plaza shopping mall concourse at 9th and D Streets, on D Street between 6th and 7th Streets, and at Maryland Avenue and 7th Street. Additional head houses may be eventually added.
The VRE platform is located on the north side of the three-track RF&P Subdivision, which is elevated above Virginia Avenue SW between 6th Street and 7th Street. Stairs lead to the station from 6th Street and 7th Street; a ramp leads to the station from C Street west of 7th Street. Most Amtrak intercity trains do not stop at L'Enfant, though several Northeast Regional trains stop for VRE passengers only as part of a ticket cross-honoring agreement.
|Track 1||← Manassas Line toward Broad Run (Crystal City) |
← Fredericksburg Line toward Spotsylvania (Crystal City)
Manassas Line and Fredericksburg Line toward Union Station (Terminus) →
← Amtrak and Manassas Line (select trains) do not stop here →
|Track 2||← Amtrak and Manassas Line (select trains) do not stop here →|
|Track 3||← Amtrak and Manassas Line (select trains) do not stop here →|
|G||Street level||Exit/entrance, buses|
|B1||Metro mezzanine||Fare control, ticket machines, station agent|
|Southbound||← toward Branch Avenue (Waterfront)|
← toward Huntington (Pentagon)
|Northbound||toward Greenbelt (Archives) →|
|B3||Westbound||← toward Franconia–Springfield (Smithsonian)|
← toward Vienna (Smithsonian)
← toward Wiehle–Reston East (Smithsonian)
|Eastbound|| toward Largo Town Center (Federal Center SW) → |
toward New Carrollton (Federal Center SW) →
- Taube, Richard K. (August 11, 2008). "Chronology of the Virginia Railway Express: 1964 to Present" (PDF). Virginia Railway Express. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 17, 2015.
- "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). WMATA. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- "Sequence of Metrorail openings" (PDF). Metro Facts 2017. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2017. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2018.
- Halsey, Ashley, III; Aratani, Lori; Duggan, Paul (July 26, 2014). "All aboard! Metro's new Silver Line rolls down the tracks for the first time". Washington Post.
- "Maryland Avenue Southwest Plan" (PDF). District of Columbia Office of Planning. April 2012. pp. 2–6, 2–8.
- Weingarten, Gene (April 8, 2007). "Pearls Before Breakfast: Can one of the nation's great musicians cut through the fog of a D.C. rush hour? Let's find out". Washington Post.
- Zauzmer, Julie; Duggan, Paul; Hermann, Peter (January 12, 2015). "One dead after smoke fills Metro station, forcing evacuation". The Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2017: District of Columbia" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to L'Enfant Plaza (WMATA station).|