Location within Charlevoix RCM
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||August 23, 2000|
|• Mayor||Dominic Tremblay|
|• Federal riding||Montmorency—Charlevoix
|• Prov. riding||Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré|
|• Total||97.10 km2 (37.49 sq mi)|
|• Land||30.12 km2 (11.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||42.5/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||1.3%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||G0A 3J0|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
|Highways||No major routes|
L'Isle-aux-Coudres is a municipality in Quebec, Canada, in the Charlevoix Regional County Municipality in the Charlevoix area of the Capitale-Nationale region. It is located on and contiguous with Coudres Island (Île aux Coudres), located in the St. Lawrence River about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) south from the mainland.
The island was named by Jacques Cartier during his second expedition in 1535 for the many nut-bearing trees on the island. "Coudriers" is the archaic French word for Hazel tree. Whereas the modern French spelling for "island" is île, the municipality uses the old French spelling of Isle.
Its population centres include La Baleine in the north-east, (Saint-Louis-de-)l'Isle-aux-Coudres in the south, and Saint-Bernard-sur-Mer in the north-west facing Baie-Saint-Paul. A free ferry service connects Saint-Bernard-sur-Mer to Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive on the north shore of the gulf.
Formerly, porpoise fishing was practiced on a broad basis, supplemented by some boat construction. Today tourism is the main industry, and the place is known for its historical sites, tourist accommodations, and craftspeople. On the beach near the ferry dock, there is a shipyard that is home to craftsmen who work according to ancestral techniques. The island is also a popular destination for cyclists.
The island is about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) long and averages 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) in width. It is thought to have been formed from material lifted up by the impact of the meteor which formed the Charlevoix region. Local streams include the Rouge River and Mare Creek.
Étienne de Lessart of Ste. Anne-de-Beaupré was granted title as the first Seigneur of l'Isle-aux-Coudres by Governor Buade de Frontenac on March 4, 1677. Due to a failure to develop the property to increase its value he was forced to sell the seigneurie on October 19, 1687 to the Séminaire de Québec who began to establish a monastery on the site.
In 1728, the first concessions of land were granted to settlers, and by 1741, the Parish of Saint-Louis-de-France was formed, soon after renamed to Saint-Louis-de-l'Isle-aux-Coudres. Named after Louis IX of France, it probably was also a tribute to Louis Chaumont (or Chaumonot) de La Jaunière (ca. 1700-1776), priest of Baie-Saint-Paul from 1736 to 1767. In 1845, the Parish Municipality of Saint-Louis-de-l'Isle-aux-Coudres was formed. In 1847, it was abolished, but reestablished in 1855, and would remain the only municipality covering the entire island for the next 80 years.
The community of Saint-Bernard-sur-Mer, first known as Pointe-des-Roches until 1936, only really developed from 1902 onward. The Parish of Saint-Bernard, named in honour of Bernard of Clairvaux (ca. 1090-1153), was officially founded in 1934 when it separated from the Parish of Saint-Louis, and was incorporated as the Municipality of Saint-Bernard-de-l'Île-aux-Coudres in 1936.
In 1951, the Municipality of La Baleine was incorporated, when it separated from Saint-Louis-de-l'Isle-aux-Coudres. It was named after an incident that had occurred in the late 18th century when the islanders found a carcass of a dead whale (in French: baleine) that had stranded on the island's flats. At this point, the island was divided into three municipal entities.
On January 5, 1994, the Municipality of Saint-Bernard-de-l'Île-aux-Coudres and the Parish Municipality of Saint-Louis-de-l'Isle-aux-Coudres were merged and formed the Municipality of L'Île-aux-Coudres (new spelling). On August 23, 2000, this municipality and the Municipality of La Baleine were merged again to form the new Municipality of L'Isle-aux-Coudres (old spelling).
- Population in 2011: 1279 (2006 to 2011 population change: -1.3 %)
- Population in 2006: 1296
- Population in 2001: 1319
- Population in 1996:
- L'Ile-aux-Coudres (municipality): 1066
- La Baleine (municipality): 279
- Population in 1991:
- L'Ile-aux-Coudres (municipality): 1101
- La Baleine (municipality): 282
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 584 (total dwellings: 760)
- English as first language: 0%
- French as first language: 100%
- English and French as first language: 0%
- Other as first language: 0%
- Reference number 357316 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: L'Isle-aux-Coudres
- Statistics Canada 2011 Census - L'Isle-aux-Coudres census profile
- "L'Île-aux-Coudres (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "Seigneurie de l'Île-aux-Coudres" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "La Baleine (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
||Saint Lawrence River / Les Éboulements|
|Saint Lawrence River / Baie-Saint-Paul||Saint Lawrence River / La Pocatière
|Saint Lawrence River / Petite-Rivière-Saint-François||Saint Lawrence River / Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies|