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L'Orignal ON 1.JPG
L'Orignal Jail
1008 King Street - 05

L'Orignal (/ˌlɒrɪnˈjæl/) is a village and former municipality, now part of Champlain Township in eastern Ontario, Canada. It likely took its name from its location on the Ottawa River once known as Pointe à l'Orignal (French for "Moose Point"), where moose crossed the river.


The Seigniory of L'Orignal (later renamed the Seigniory of Longueuil), was granted by the Company of New France to François Prévost in 1674. Together with La Salle's Cataraqui (Kingston), it was one of only two seigniories that was granted by the King of France as part of New France in what is now Ontario. As part of New France, the area was ceded to Great Britain in 1763. The seigneury was assigned to Upper Canada (Ontario) during the creation of Upper Canada and Lower Canada (Quebec) in 1791.

230,000 acres (930 km2) of seignory land was purchased by Nathan Treadwell of Plattsburgh, New York, in 1798. The property was confiscated by government during the War of 1812 and returned to his son in 1823. The Village of L'Orignal was chosen as the district town for the Ottawa District in 1816. The Ottawa District Courthouse was built in L'Orignal in 1825 and is still in use. L'Orignal Parish was established in 1836 as the first Catholic parish in Prescott County.

The Village was incorporated in 1876 and was amalgamated into Champlain Township as one of four wards in 1997. It is now the county seat for Prescott and Russell United Counties. As of the census of 2001, the population of the former Village of L'Orignal was 2,033.

The L'Orignal Jail has been decommissioned and now serves as a museum.


According to Statistics Canada, the former village had a total area of 5.68 square kilometres (2.19 sq mi). It is located at 45 degrees 37' N and 74 degrees 41' W.

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Coordinates: 45°37′10″N 74°41′30″W / 45.61944°N 74.69167°W / 45.61944; -74.69167