January 8, 1893|
Banská Bystrica, Kingdom of Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire
|Died||October 26, 1958
Berkeley, California, United States
|Cause of death||Myocardial infarction|
|Resting place||Banská Bystrica|
|Other names||Ladislav/Laszlo/Ladislaus/Ladislaw Hudec|
|Ethnicity||Slovak - Hungarian|
|Known for||Park Hotel Shanghai (more...)|
László Ede Hudec or Ladislav Hudec (Hungarian: Hugyecz László Ede) (Besztercebánya, January 8, 1893 – Berkeley, October 26, 1958) was a Hungarian - Slovak architect active in Shanghai from 1918 to 1945 and responsible for some of that city's most notable structures. Major works include the Park Hotel, the Grand Theater, the Joint Savings and Loan building, the combined Baptist Publications and Christian Literature Society buildings, and the post-modern "Green House". Hudec's style evolved during his active period, from the eclectic neo-classicism popular in the early 20th century to art deco and modern buildings toward the later part of his career. Although some of his buildings have been lost in the intervening decades, many survive.
Hudec was born in 1893 in Besztercebánya, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (now Banská Bystrica, Slovakia). His father, György Hugyecz was a wealthy magyarized[note 1] Slovak architect, born in the nearby village of Felsőmicsinye (now Horná Mičiná), while his mother, Paula Skultéty was an ethnic Hungarian from Košice. He studied architecture at Budapest University from 1911 to 1914. As a patriotic Austro-Hungarian citizen, Hudec volunteered to join the army after outbreak of World War I, but was captured by the Russian Army in 1916 and was sent to a prison camp in Siberia. While being transferred, he jumped from a train near the Chinese border and made his way to Shanghai, where he joined the American architectural office R.A. Curry.
In 1925 he opened his own practice, and was responsible for at least 37 buildings up to 1941.
After the Munich Agreement, (1938) Hudec lost his Czechoslovak citizenship and applied to become Hungarian citizen. In 1941 he obtained a Hungarian passport and was appointed Honorary Consul of Hungary in Shanghai.
Hudec's masterpiece is usually considered to be the 22-story Park Hotel Shanghai, on Nanjing Road across from People's Square. Built in 1934, it was the tallest building in the city until the 1980s, and is still a local landmark.
After leaving Shanghai in 1947 Hudec moved to Lugano and later to Rome. In 1950 he moved to Berkeley where he taught at the University of California. He died from heart-attack during an earth quake in 1958. In 1970 his remains were buried in an evangelic cemetery in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia.
Buildings in Shanghai
- Country Hospital （Chinese: 宏恩医院）
- Paulun Hospital （Chinese: 保龙医院）
- Margaret Williamson Hospital （Chinese: 上海红房子医院/西门外妇孺医院）
- Moore Memorial Church (Chinese: 沐恩堂)
- German Church (Chinese: 上海德国礼拜堂)
- Chapei Power Station （Chinese: 闸北水电厂）
- China Baptist Publication Society and Christian Literature Society Building （Chinese: 真光大楼）
- Union Brewery
- Grand Theatre
- Park Hotel Shanghai (Chinese: 国际饭店)
- Dr Woo's villa (Green house) (Chinese: 吴同文住宅)
- Avenue Apartments
- Wukang Mansion (aka I.S.S. Normandie Apartments)(Chinese: 武康大楼/诺曼底公寓)
- Hudec House (Chinese: 邬达克公馆)
- Columbia Circle (Chinese: 哥伦比亚住宅圈)
- Columbia Country Club (Chinese: 美国乡村总会)
- Poncellini, Luca (2011). "Laszlo Hudec in Shanghai (1919-1947) and the Pursuit of Chinese Modernity". Zurich: Institut für Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
Architect of Slovak origins, Ladislav Hudec (1893-1958) has been one of the most outstanding protagonists of the process of diffusion of modern architecture in the city of Shanghai during the 1920s and 1930s.
- Csejdy, Júlia (2009). "Besztercebányától Sanghajig. Hugyecz László építész (1893-1958) életpályája" [From Banská Bystrica to Shanghai. The life of architect László Hugyecz (1893-1958) Ifjúság, egyetemi évek] (in Hungarian). Hudec Heritage Project. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
Hogy vajon magyar vagy tót vagyok, én nem tudom, nem is keresem, magamat széjjel nem vághatom, mint szétvágták hazámat, mindig az maradok, ami voltam. Nem kérdezte senki tőlem a régi szentistváni Magyarországon, hogy vajon tót vagyok-e vagy magyar? Szerettem mindkettőt, hiszen anyám magyar, apám tót származású volt, és én is mind a kettő voltam." Translation (only the last two sentences): "whether I am Tót (Slovak) or Magyar (Hungarian), I liked both of them, my mother had Hungarian, my father had Slovak origin, and I was both.
- "Life and work; Roots". Ministry of Culture and Education of Hungary; College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tongji University. www.hudec.cn. 2008. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
- Wasserstrom, Jeffrey N. (2009). Global Shanghai, 1850-2010: a history in fragments. Routledge. p. 102. ISBN 9780415213288.
- Wang Zhiyong (April 23, 2009). "'Hudec and Shanghai', Deke Erh Photography Exhibition". China Internet Information Center. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Kabos, Ladislav. "The man who changed Shanghai". Who is L.E.Hudec. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
- Peter G. Rowe, Seng Kuan, Architectural Encounters with Essence and Form in Modern China, MIT Press, 2004, p.58
- Modern Chinese literature and culture, vol.18-19, Foreign Language Publications, 2006, p.45
- Warr, Anne: Shanghai Architecture, The Watermark Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-949284-76-1
- "EXPO 2010 Slovakia Pavilion Official website". Retrieved August 6, 2010.
- Originally Juraj Hudec, he changed his Slovak name "Hudec" to the Hungarian form "Hugyecz" in 1890. (Kabos, Ladislav. "The man who changed Shanghai". Who is L.E.Hudec. Retrieved May 17, 2011.)
- Hudec Heritage Project
- Exhibit Highlights Shanghai Hotel and its Designer
- Laszlo Hudec fonds at University of Victoria, Special Collections
- Interactive 3D models of László Hudec's buildings created with Virtual Building Explorer.
- Official site of the year of Hudec in Shanghai