Lázně Kynžvart

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Lázně Kynžvart
Saint Margaret Church in the town centre
Saint Margaret Church in the town centre
Flag of Lázně Kynžvart
Coat of arms of Lázně Kynžvart
Lázně Kynžvart is located in Czech Republic
Lázně Kynžvart
Lázně Kynžvart
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°0′39″N 12°37′29″E / 50.01083°N 12.62472°E / 50.01083; 12.62472Coordinates: 50°0′39″N 12°37′29″E / 50.01083°N 12.62472°E / 50.01083; 12.62472
Country Czech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictCheb
First mentioned972
Government
 • MayorJindřich Zíval
Area
 • Total32.60 km2 (12.59 sq mi)
Elevation
673 m (2,208 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total1,427
 • Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
354 91
Websitewww.laznekynzvart.cz

Lázně Kynžvart (German: Bad Königswart, Königswart, Königswarte) is a spa town in Cheb District, Karlovy Vary Region, Czech Republic. It has about 1,400 inhabitants. It is known for the Kynžvart Castle.

Lázně Kynžvart is famous for its sanatorium, which is designed for children ages 2 to 15 with nonspecific respiratory disorders.

Administrative parts[edit]

Hamlet of Lazy is an administrative part of Lázně Kynžvart.

Geography[edit]

The highest point of the municipal area is 929 m (3,048 ft) above sea level. There are several ponds in the area, the largest two are located in the southern part: Pastevní and Dvouhrázový. Almost the entire territory of the municipality belongs to Slavkovský les Protected Land Area.

History[edit]

The first written mention of Lázně Kynžvart is from 972 as Castelum settlement, when it was donated by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor to bishop Wolfgang of Regensburg. Building of the castle finished in 1287. The castle soon lost its significance, was occupied by a bunch of thieves and in 1348 was burned to the ground by order of the King Charles IV.[2] In 1398 the castle was built once again.[3]

In 1370, after various forms of the town's name were used, the name Königswart was established. The Czech name has been used since 1918.[4]

The Jewish Königswarter family originate in the town.

Spa[edit]

The first mention of springs is from 1454.[5] The spa was founded by the Metternich family, which owned the town's castle.

In 1822, Count Richard Metternich built a spa and six springs around the area. The area shortly became more popular after the spa was built. In 1872, a railway was built, which helped the growth of the spa and the town.[6]

After 1950, during the whooping cough epidemic, children were treated in the spa. Since then, only children were treated in the spa.[5] In 2013, treatment was again extended to adult patients.[6]

Demography[edit]

By World War II, majority of the population was Germans. After they wer expelled, the area was resettled by Czechs.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18693,050—    
18803,348+9.8%
18903,136−6.3%
19002,966−5.4%
19102,925−1.4%
YearPop.±%
19212,616−10.6%
19302,675+2.3%
19501,513−43.4%
19611,221−19.3%
19701,368+12.0%
YearPop.±%
19801,468+7.3%
19911,655+12.7%
20011,620−2.1%
20111,443−10.9%
20211,427−1.1%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[7]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Lázně Kynžvart is twinned with:[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ "Historie města v datech 972–1356" (in Czech). Město Lázně Kynžvart. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  3. ^ "Historie města v datech 1287–1398" (in Czech). Město Lázně Kynžvart. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  4. ^ "Názvy Kynžvartu v dějinách" (in Czech). Město Lázně Kynžvart. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  5. ^ a b "Lázně" (in Czech). Město Lázně Kynžvart. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  6. ^ a b "Historie léčebných lázní" (in Czech). Léčebné lázně Lázně Kynžvart. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  7. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Cheb" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 5–6.
  8. ^ "Partnerská města". laznekynzvart.cz (in Czech). Město Lázně Kynžvart. Retrieved 2020-07-23.

External links[edit]