Léon Dufourmentel

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Léon Dufourmentel (1884 – July 29, 1957)[1] was a French surgeon, son of a merchant, who specialized in maxillofacial surgery, leading to reconstructive surgery. Intern of Hospitals of Paris, then leader of the clinical faculty of medicine of Paris. He was the son-in-law of the anatomist Pierre Sebileau, and the father of plastic surgeon Claude Dufourmentel (Former head of department at the Hôpital Saint-Louis).

During the First World War, he was responsible for caring for gueules cassées (broken faces), and being led to the creation of units of maxillofacial surgery, he found a method for repairing facial wounds: He described a pedicled vascularized flap from the temporal scalp (popularly called a Dufourmentel flap)(http://www.biusante.parisdescartes.fr/1418/cadre2e.htm) and transferred the tissue to the chin area. This tissue transfer was more reliable than a free skin graft. It was his idea to first use prosthetic inclusions prior to 1930 - then implants used were mostly made of ivory, rubber on the nose.

Works and Contributions[edit]

  • La loi de Semon-Rosenbach dans les paralysies récurrentielles, 1914.
  • La Chirurgie faciale aux Etats-Unis
  • Chirurgie d'urgence des blessures de la face et du cou, 1918, avec le docteur Flavien Bonnet-Roy.
  • Diagnostic, traitement et expertise des séquelles des blessures et des accidents des régions maxillo-faciales: traitements chirurgicaux, 1922, avec le docteur Léon Frison, publié par Baillière.
  • Le rictus - journal humoristique médical - N°04, septembre 1924. Biographie du docteur Léon Dufourmentel par Portmann, biographie du docteur Georges Portmann (de Bordeaux) par L. Dufourmentel
  • Chirurgie de l'articulation temporo-maxillaire, 1929.
  • Chirurgie réparatrice et correctrice des téguments et des formes, 1939.
  • Léon Dufourmentel. Introduction à la chirurgie constructive : Essai sur l'art et la chirurgie, 1946.
  • Les complexes esthétiques et la chirurgie, 1957.


  1. ^ "[Death of Leon Dufourmentel, titular member (1884-1957).]". Mem Acad Chir (Paris) (in French). 83 (25-26): 794–5. 6 October 1957-Nov 30. PMID 13503638.  Check date values in: |date= (help)