Léon Kauffman

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Léon Kauffman
Prime Minister of Luxembourg
In office
18 June 1917 – 28 September 1918
MonarchMarie-Adélaïde
Preceded byVictor Thorn
Succeeded byÉmile Reuter
Personal details
Born16 August 1869
Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Died25 March 1952(1952-03-25) (aged 82)
Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Madeleine Franck

Léon Kauffman (16 August 1869 – 25 March 1952)[1] was a Luxembourgish politician. He was the 12th Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for one year, from 18 June 1917 until 28 September 1918.[1]

After studying law, in 1893 Kauffman was appointed an Attaché of the Parquet Général, and then was a justice of the peace in Echternach from 1898 to 1900. Then he was a senior civil servant from 1902 to 1910. In 1910 he became director of the tax administration[1] and president of the Assurances sociales. In 1916 he became Director-General (Minister) of Finance, until 1918.[1] In 1917 there was a crisis within the Thorn Ministry, as the Chamber of Deputies had withdrawn confidence from agriculture minister Michel Welter.[2]

On 19 June 1917 Kauffman put together a Right-Liberal government, in which he was prime minister, as well as the Foreign and Finance Minister.[1][3] Under this government, changes to the constitution were put into motion which were to introduce universal suffrage. There were disagreements, however, as the government refused, as the Chamber demanded, to establish the origins of sovereign power "in the nation," instead of "in the person of the Grand Duke", as hitherto.[3] When it became known that the prime minister had been present at a private visit of the German chancellor Georg von Hertling to Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde on 16 August 1918, the government was reformed.[3] Léon Kauffman resigned as prime minister on 28 September 1918. From 1915 to 1945 he was a member, and from 1945 to 1952 he was president of the Council of State.[1] From 1923 to 1952, he was president of the executive board of the Banque Internationale à Luxembourg.[1]

He died in 1952 in Luxembourg City.[1]

He was married to Madeleine Joséphine Franck, and had one son.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Thewes (2011), p. 75
  2. ^ Thewes (2011), p. 69
  3. ^ a b c Thewes (2011), p. 72

References[edit]

  • Thewes, Guy (2011). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848. Luxembourg: Service Information et Presse. ISBN 978-2-87999-212-9.
Political offices
Preceded by
Edmond Reiffers
Director-General for Finances
1916–1918
Succeeded by
Alphonse Neyens
Preceded by
Victor Thorn
Prime Minister of Luxembourg
1917–1918
Succeeded by
Émile Reuter
Director-General for Foreign Affairs
1917–1918
Preceded by
Ernest Hamélius
President of the Council of State
1945–1952
Succeeded by
Félix Welter