Rosenfeld obtained a PhD at the University of Liège in 1926, and he was a close collaborator of the physicist Niels Bohr. He did early work in quantum electrodynamics that predates by two decades the work by Dirac and Bergmann. Rosenfeld contributed to a wide range of physics fields, from statistical physics and quantum field theory to astrophysics. Along with Frederik Belinfante, he derived the Belinfante-Rosenfeld stress-energy tensor. He also founded the journal Nuclear Physics and coined the term lepton.
In 1933, Rosenfeld married Yvonne Cambresier, who was one of the first women to obtain a Physics PhD from a European university. They had a daughter, Andrée Rosenfeld (1934–2008) and a son, Jean Rosenfeld.
Awards and honors
- Léon Rosenfeld's Marxist defense of complementarity, by Anja Skaar Jacobsen "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Jacobsen, Anja Skaar (2012). Léon Rosenfeld: Physics, Philosophy, and Politics in the Twentieth Century. doi:10.1142/7776. ISBN 978-981-4307-81-9.
- Leon Rosenfeld and the challenge of the vanishing momentum in quantum electrodynamics, by Donald Salisbury 
- Rosenfeld, Léon (1948). Nuclear Forces. Interscience Publishers, New York, xvii.
- Smith, Claire. "Andree Jeanne Rosenfeld (1934–2008)". Retrieved 28 November 2015.