|Léonard Victor Joseph Charner|
Léonard Victor Joseph Charner.
|Battles/wars||Second Opium War
Siege of Saigon
Colonization of Cochinchina
Retour des Cendres
War of Crimea
In 1843, Captain Charner was part of the fleet sent to the Pacific Ocean by the French Foreign Minister François Guizot under Admiral Jean-Baptiste Cécille and together with the diplomat Lagrene. The move responded to the successes of the British in China in 1842, and France hoped to counterbalance these successes by accessing China from the south.
War in Vietnam
As soon as the war ended, Charner left for Vietnam in January 1861 with his naval squadron and a force of 3,000 troops to support French troops encircled in Saigon. On February 11, 1861, he relieved the Siege of Saigon, thereby continuing the endeavour of Admiral Rigault de Genouilly, and permitting the establishment of the first French territories in Vietnam. The French Navy Minister Chasseloup-Laubat wrote to Charner: "We wish to draw commerce to Saigon (...) What we want is a sort of suzerainty or sovereignty with free trade accessible to all".
Several French Navy ships have been named after him, such as the French cruiser Amiral Charner or the Bougainville-class colonial sloop ("aviso colonial") Amiral Charner (1933) which fought at the Battle of Koh Chang in the 1941 Franco-Thai War.
- The Last Emperors of Vietnam by Oscar Chapuis p.5
- Superpowers Defeated by Douglas A. Borer p.23
- A history of South-east Asia - Page 560 by Daniel George Edward Hall: "The China war ended in January 1861, and at once Admiral Charner, with a strong naval squadron and 3000 troops, left for Saigon"
- Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. 224.
- Vietnam; a Political History - Page 86 by Joseph Buttinger
- Imperialism in Southeast Asia by Nicholas Tarling p.220
- The Making of Modern South-East Asia: economic and social change - Page 448 by D. J. M. Tate "Charner relieved the Saigon garrison after a three-week struggle which culminated in the battle of Chi Hoa."
- Randier, p.380