Lévy–Prokhorov metric

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In mathematics, the Lévy–Prokhorov metric (sometimes known just as the Prokhorov metric) is a metric (i.e., a definition of distance) on the collection of probability measures on a given metric space. It is named after the French mathematician Paul Lévy and the Soviet mathematician Yuri Vasilyevich Prokhorov; Prokhorov introduced it in 1956 as a generalization of the earlier Lévy metric.

Definition[edit]

Let be a metric space with its Borel sigma algebra . Let denote the collection of all probability measures on the measurable space .

For a subset , define the ε-neighborhood of by

where is the open ball of radius centered at .

The Lévy–Prokhorov metric is defined by setting the distance between two probability measures and to be

For probability measures clearly .

Some authors omit one of the two inequalities or choose only open or closed ; either inequality implies the other, and , but restricting to open sets may change the metric so defined (if is not Polish).

Properties[edit]

  • If is separable, convergence of measures in the Lévy–Prokhorov metric is equivalent to weak convergence of measures. Thus, is a metrization of the topology of weak convergence on .
  • The metric space is separable if and only if is separable.
  • If is complete then is complete. If all the measures in have separable support, then the converse implication also holds: if is complete then is complete.
  • If is separable and complete, a subset is relatively compact if and only if its -closure is -compact.

See also[edit]

References[edit]