Lê Thần Tông

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Lê Thần Tông
黎神宗
Emperor of Annam
Reign 1619 - 1662
Predecessor Lê Kính Tông
Lê Chân Tông
Successor Lê Chân Tông
Lê Huyền Tông
Burial Quần Ngọc Tomb (群玉陵)
Full name
Lê Duy Kỳ (黎維祺)
Era dates
Vĩnh Tộ (永祚, 1619-29)
Đức Long (德隆, 1629-35)
Dương Hòa (陽和, 1635-43)
Khánh Đức (慶德, 1649-53)
Thịnh Đức (盛德, 1653-58)
Vĩnh Thọ (永壽, 1658-62)
Vạn Khánh (萬慶, 1662)
Posthumous name
Uyên Emperor (淵皇帝)
Temple name
Thần Tông (神宗)
House Revival Lê dynasty
Father Lê Kính Tông
Mother Trịnh Thị Ngọc Trinh

Lê Thần Tông (Chinese: 黎神宗, 1607 - 1662) was the Annamese sixth emperor of Revival Lê dynasty.

Biography[edit]

Lê Thần Tông has a birth name Lê Duy Kỳ (黎維祺)[1]. He was born in 1607 and reigned from 1619–1643 following Lê Kính Tông, was interrupted by the reign of Lê Chân Tông 1643-1649, then reigned again 1649-1662 and was succeeded by Lê Huyền Tông. He was a figurehead king under lords Trịnh Tùng, who ruled 1570-1623, then Trịnh Tráng who ruled 1623-57, and Trịnh Tạc who ruled 1657-82. At this time the country was still engaged in military campaigns against Champa[2].

Family[edit]

Consorts and their respective issues :

  1. Queen Trịnh Thị Ngọc Trúc (ex-wife of duke Lê Trụ)
  2. Noble consort Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Bạch
    1. Prince Lê Duy Hựu
  3. Consort Phạm Thị Ngọc Hậu
    1. First crown prince Lê Duy Vũ
  4. Consort Lê Thị Ngọc Hoàn
    1. Prince Lê Duy Cối
  5. Lady Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Tấn
    1. Prince Lê Duy Hạp
  6. Lady Nguyễn Thị Nhân
    1. Princess Lê Thị Ngọc Thỉnh
  7. Lady Nguyễn Thị Sinh
    1. Princess Lê Thị Ngọc Hài
  8. Lady Nguyễn Thị Vĩ
    1. Princess Lê Thị Ngọc Điều
  9. Lady Trịnh Thị
    1. Princess Lê Thị Ngọc Triện
  10. Lady Trần Thị Lãng
    1. Princess Lê Thị Ngọc An
  11. Lady Onrona San (Dutch Korean woman)
    1. Princess Lê Thị Ngọc Ngọc

Moreover, 4 foster children : Princess Lê Thị Ngọc Duyên, second crown prince Lê Duy Tào, prince Lê Duy Lương and Các Hắc Sinh. Inside, Các Hắc Sinh or Willem Carel Hartsinck[3] (1638 - 1689) was the Dutch tradesman who deputized the Dutch East India Company in Far East.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《歷朝憲章類誌》卷二十一·禮儀誌·太廟殿奉事各位。
  2. ^ Philip Taylor Modernity and Re-Enchantment: Religion in Post-Revolutionary Vietnam 2007 Page 163 "The Nguyễn dynasty's historical record Đại Nam Nhất Thống Chí has a story of Phi Vận Nguyên Phục, a general under Lê Thánh Tông (1460–97) in a campaign against Champa. He was executed for delaying supplies from the Tư Dung .."
  3. ^ Portret van Willem Carel Hartsinck, Jacob Houbraken, 1796
Preceded by
Lê Kính Tông
Emperor of Annam
1619–1643, 1649–1662
Succeeded by
Lê Huyền Tông