Lê Trung Tông (Early Lê dynasty)

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Lê Trung Tông
Emperor of Đại Cồ Việt
Emperor of Đại Cồ Việt
Reign 1005(3 days)
Predecessor Lê Đại Hành
Successor Lê Ngọa Triều
Emperor of Early Lê Dynasty
Reign 1005(3 days)
Predecessor Lê Đại Hành
Successor Lê Ngọa Triều
Born 983
Died 1005(aged 22)
Hoa Lư, Đại Cồ Việt
Full name
Lê Long Việt (黎龍鉞)
Posthumous name
Trung Tông hoàng đế
Temple name
Trung Tông (中宗)
House
Father Lê Đại Hành
Mother Concubine Diệu Nữ

Lê Trung Tông was the second emperor under the Early Lê Dynasty. He held the throne for only three days in 1005. His reign was considered one of two shortest reigns in Vietnam's history, along with the reign of Dục Đức under the Nguyễn Dynasty.

Biography[edit]

He was born in 983 to Lê Đại Hành and Concubine Diệu Nữ. His birth name was Lê Long Việt (). He was one of ten princes of Lê Đại Hành. After the Crown Prince Long Thâu died, he was chosen as Crown Prince.

In 1005, after Lê Đại Hành died, the princes immediately contested over the throne. The conflicts between the royal princes led to a civil war between these princes for eight months, and the nation fell into anarchy. The main war was between the running crown prince and the oldest surviving prince Long Ngân (the second prince in line to the throne after former crown prince Long Thâu). In October 1005, Long Ngân was defeated and quickly fled to Thạch Hà area, but he was captured and killed by locals. This enabled Long Việt to ascend to the throne.

But after just three days, he was killed by an assassin sent by his brother Lê Long Đĩnh, another rival prince. The assassin merely climbed over the wall, crept into the Emperor's chamber and killed him. As a result, Lê Long Đĩnh was the surviving and undisputed claimant to the royal throne.

Mysterious death[edit]

Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư [1] showed that , the emperor was killed by his younger brother Long Đĩnh after reigning in 3 days. All of the royalist ran away out of scene except only Lý Công Uẩn still cries and embraced the body of emperor. There are still many doubt in the research of case .

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Trấn Bạch Đằng, Lê Vǎn Nǎm, Nguyễn Quang Vinh, Vua Lê Đại Hành (Thành Phố Hồ Chí Minh: Nhà Xuất Bản Trẻ), 1998.
  • Trấn Bạch Đằng, Lê Vǎn Nǎm, Nguyễn Đức Hòa, Cờ Lau Vạn Thắng Vủỏng (Thành Phố Hồ Chí Minh: Nhà Xuất Bản Trẻ), 2005.
Preceded by
Lê Đại Hành
Emperor of the Lê Dynasty
1005 (3 days )
Succeeded by
Lê Long Đĩnh