Lü Shuxiang

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Lü Shuxiang
吕叔湘
Lv Shuxiang.jpg
Born (1904-12-24)24 December 1904
Danyang, Jiangsu, Qing China
Died 9 April 1998(1998-04-09)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Occupation Linguist, educator

Lü Shuxiang (Chinese: 吕叔湘; pinyin: Lǚ Shūxiāng, 1904–1998) was a distinguished linguist, lexicographer and educator, and founder of Modern Chinese linguistic studies.

Overview[edit]

Lü Shuxiang was born in Danyang, Jiangsu Province. He studied Foreign Languages and Literature in the National Central University and graduated in 1926. He then taught in Danyang Middle School and Suzhou High School. In 1936, he went to England for postgraduate studies in the Anthropology Department of Oxford University and then in the Library Science Department of the University of London. He returned to China in 1938 during the war, and held various professorships in Yunnan University, Huaxi Union College and Jinling College, and later, the National Central University.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Lü was a professor in the Chinese Department of Tsinghua University from 1950 to 1952. Starting from 1952, he worked in the Institute of Languages in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He was a committee member and vice director of the important China Language Reform Commission. From 1978 to 1985, he was the chief editor of the journal Chinese philology. From 1980 to 1985, he was the president of the Association of Chinese Linguistics. He was editor-in-chief of the authoritative Dictionary of Modern Chinese, and served on the editorial board for the Encyclopedia of China. In 1987, he was awarded honorary Doctor of Literature by the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He was an associate fellow in the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1997.

The artist and art educator Lü Fengzi (1886–1959), and the prominent Buddhist scholar Lü Cheng (1896–1989), were his cousins.

Main works[edit]

《中国文法要略》

《文言虚字》

《现代汉语八百词》

《近代汉语指代词》

《中国人学英文》

《语文修辞讲话》

Translations[edit]

《文明与野蛮》

《伊坦•弗洛美》 (Ethan Frome)

References[edit]

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