Lübben (Spreewald)

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Lübben/Lubin
Lübben Castle
Lübben Castle
Coat of arms of Lübben/Lubin
Coat of arms
Lübben/Lubin is located in Germany
Lübben/Lubin
Lübben/Lubin
Location of Lübben/Lubin within Dahme-Spreewald district
Lübben (Spreewald) in LDS.png
Coordinates: 51°57′N 13°54′E / 51.950°N 13.900°E / 51.950; 13.900Coordinates: 51°57′N 13°54′E / 51.950°N 13.900°E / 51.950; 13.900
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Dahme-Spreewald
Government
 • Mayor Lars Kolan (SPD)
Area
 • Total 119.91 km2 (46.30 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,964
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15907
Dialling codes 03546
Vehicle registration LDS
Website www.luebben.de

Lübben (Spreewald) (Lower Sorbian: Lubin (Błota)) is a town of 14,000 people, capital of the Dahme-Spreewald district in the Lower Lusatia region of Brandenburg, Germany.

Administrative structure[edit]

Districts of the town are:

  • Lübben Stadt (Lower Sorbian: Lubin město)
  • Hartmannsdorf (Hartmanojce)
  • Lubolz (Lubolc)
    • Groß Lubolz (Wjelike Lubolce)
    • Klein Lubolz (Małe Lubolce)
  • Neuendorf (Nowa Wjas)
  • Radensdorf (Radom; Radowašojce)
  • Steinkirchen (Kamjena)
  • Treppendorf (Ranchow)

History[edit]

The castle of Lubin in the March of Lusatia was first mentioned in an 1150 register of Nienburg Abbey and had received town privileges according to Magdeburg law by 1220. From 1301 the town in the centre of the Spreewald floodplain was in the possession of the monks of Dobrilugk Abbey, who sold it to Duke Rudolph I of Saxe-Wittenberg in 1329. After several conflicts with the Wittelsbach margraves of Brandenburg the March of Lusatia was finally acquired by Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg in 1367 who incorporated Lübben into the Kingdom of Bohemia. In the 15th century Lübben became the seat of the Bohemian Vogt administrator and the provincial diet (Landtag) of Lower Lusatia.

In 1526 the House of Habsburg inherited the Bohemian kingdom including Lusatia, which in 1623 Ferdinand II of Habsburg had to give in pawn to Elector John George I of Saxony. The Saxon Electorate finally acquired Lübben by signing the 1635 Peace of Prague. After the Napoleonic Wars it again fell to the Prussian province of Brandenburg by the final act of the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

During World War II, Lübben was taken by Soviet troops of the 3rd Guards Army on 27 April 1945.

Demography[edit]

Lübben (Spreewald): Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 9,168—    
1890 10,140+0.67%
1910 12,370+1.00%
1925 11,992−0.21%
1933 12,018+0.03%
1939 12,337+0.44%
1946 12,726+0.44%
1950 12,245−0.96%
1964 14,717+1.32%
1971 15,274+0.53%
1981 15,727+0.29%
1985 15,829+0.16%
1989 15,712−0.19%
1990 15,495−1.38%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 15,257−1.54%
1992 15,262+0.03%
1993 15,139−0.81%
1994 15,202+0.42%
1995 15,091−0.73%
1996 15,070−0.14%
1997 15,054−0.11%
1998 14,998−0.37%
1999 15,095+0.65%
2000 15,025−0.46%
2001 14,845−1.20%
2002 14,897+0.35%
2003 14,807−0.60%
2004 14,751−0.38%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 14,627−0.84%
2006 14,557−0.48%
2007 14,346−1.45%
2008 14,250−0.67%
2009 14,179−0.50%
2010 14,122−0.40%
2011 13,869−1.79%
2012 13,815−0.39%
2013 13,707−0.78%
2014 13,672−0.26%
2015 13,824+1.11%
2016 13,861+0.27%
2017 13,964+0.74%

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:

Lübben is twinned with Wolsztyn in Poland and Neunkirchen, Saarland in Germany.

Neuhaus Manor

Places of interest[edit]

  • Spreewald biosphere reserve
  • Lübben Castle, on medieval foundations, rebuilt in the 17th century under the rule of Duke Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg
  • Neuhaus Manor in Steinkirchen, built in 1801, former residence of author Christoph Ernst von Houwald from 1822 on
  • Romanesque St Pancras fieldstone church in Steinkirchen built in the early 13th century, one of the oldest preserved churches in Lower Lusatia
  • Paul Gerhardt Church from the 16th century, where Paul Gerhardt preached from 1669 on
  • Roman Catholic Trinity Church, built in 1862

Notable people[edit]

Born in Lübben[edit]

Related to Lübben[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]