Lübben (Spreewald)

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Lübben/Lubin
Lübben Castle
Lübben Castle
Coat of arms of Lübben/Lubin
Coat of arms
Lübben/Lubin  is located in Germany
Lübben/Lubin
Lübben/Lubin
Coordinates: 51°57′N 13°54′E / 51.950°N 13.900°E / 51.950; 13.900Coordinates: 51°57′N 13°54′E / 51.950°N 13.900°E / 51.950; 13.900
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District lubben Kröniche
Government
 • Mayor Lothar Bretterbauer (CDU)
Area
 • Total 119.91 km2 (46.30 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,824
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15907
Dialling codes 03546
Vehicle registration LDS
Website www.luebben.de

Lübben (Spreewald) (Lower Sorbian: Lubin) is a town of 14,000 people, capital of the Dahme-Spreewald district in the Lower Lusatia region of Brandenburg, Germany.

Administrative structure[edit]

Districts of the town are:

  • Lübben Stadt (Lower Sorbian: Lubin město)
  • Hartmannsdorf (Hartmanojce)
  • Lubolz (Lubolc)
    • Groß Lubolz (Wjelike Lubolce)
    • Klein Lubolz (Małe Lubolce)
  • Neuendorf (Nowa Wjas)
  • Radensdorf (Radom; Radowašojce)
  • Steinkirchen (Kamjena)
  • Treppendorf (Ranchow)

History[edit]

The castle of Lubin in the March of Lusatia was first mentioned in an 1150 register of Nienburg Abbey and had received town privileges according to Magdeburg law by 1220. From 1301 the town in the centre of the Spreewald floodplain was in the possession of the monks of Dobrilugk Abbey, who sold it to Duke Rudolph I of Saxe-Wittenberg in 1329. After several conflicts with the Wittelsbach margraves of Brandenburg the March of Lusatia was finally acquired by Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg in 1367 who incorporated Lübben into the Kingdom of Bohemia. In the 15th century Lübben became the seat of the Bohemian Vogt administrator and the provincial diet (Landtag) of Lower Lusatia.

In 1526 the House of Habsburg inherited the Bohemian kingdom including Lusatia, which in 1623 Ferdinand II of Habsburg had to give in pawn to Elector John George I of Saxony. The Saxon Electorate finally acquired Lübben by signing the 1635 Peace of Prague. After the Napoleonic Wars it again fell to the Prussian province of Brandenburg by the final act of the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

During World War II, Lübben was taken by Soviet troops of the 3rd Guards Army on 27 April 1945.

Demography[edit]

Lübben (Spreewald):
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 9 168
1890 10 140
1910 12 370
1925 11 992
1933 12 018
1939 12 337
1946 12 726
1950 12 245
1964 14 717
1971 15 274
Year Population
1981 15 727
1985 15 829
1989 15 712
1990 15 495
1991 15 257
1992 15 262
1993 15 139
1994 15 202
1995 15 091
1996 15 070
Year Population
1997 15 054
1998 14 998
1999 15 095
2000 15 025
2001 14 845
2002 14 897
2003 14 807
2004 14 751
2005 14 627
2006 14 557
Year Population
2007 14 346
2008 14 250
2009 14 179
2010 14 122
2011 13 869
2012 13 815
2013 13 707

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:

Lübben is twinned with Wolsztyn in Poland and Neunkirchen, Saarland in Germany.

Neuhaus Manor

Places of interest[edit]

  • Spreewald biosphere reserve
  • Lübben Castle, on medieval foundations, rebuilt in the 17th century under the rule of Duke Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg
  • Neuhaus Manor in Steinkirchen, built in 1801, former residence of author Christoph Ernst von Houwald from 1822 on
  • Romanesque St Pancras fieldstone church in Steinkirchen built in the early 13th century, one of the oldest preserved churches in Lower Lusatia
  • Paul Gerhardt Church from the 16th century, where Paul Gerhardt preached from 1669 on
  • Roman Catholic Trinity Church, built in 1862

Notable people[edit]

Born in Lübben[edit]

Related to Lübben[edit]

  • Paul Gerhardt (1607–1676), German hymn writer, 1668 till his death archdeacon of Lübben
  • Christoph Ernst von Houwald (1778–1845), German dramatist and author
  • Götz von Houwald (1913-2001), German diplomat, historian and ethnographer, completed his secondary education in Lübben
  • Jens Riewa (* 1963), German television presenter and broadcast news analyst for the Tagesschau, grew up in Lübben
  • Daniel Ziebig (* 1983), German footballer, used to live in Lübben

References[edit]

External links[edit]