Lanai City, Hawaii

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Lanai City, Hawaii
Census-designated place
Lanai City
Lanai City
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Maui
Area
 • Total 6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Land 6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,644 ft (501 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,102
 • Density 450/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
ZIP code 96763
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-43700
GNIS feature ID 0361713

Lanai City is a census-designated place (CDP) on the island of Lanai, in Maui County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 3,102 at the 2010 census.[1] Lanai City is the island's commercial center. Many of the island's restaurants and shops are in the town square that surrounds Dole Park, and the only hospital on the island, Lanai Community Hospital, is located near the park.[2]

Lanai City is served by Lanai Airport (LNY).

Geography and climate[edit]

Lanai City is located at 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194 (20.827574, −156.921912).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.9 square miles (17.9 km2), all land.[4]

Lanai City experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen classification As) with a mostly dry summer season. The average temperature in January is almost cold enough to qualify this climate as a warm form of a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). An average monthly temperature of 64 °F (18 °C) is the lower limit for tropical climate classification.

Climate data for Lanai City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
82
(28)
86
(30)
87
(31)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
87
(31)
89
(32)
92
(33)
85
(29)
85
(29)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 72.0
(22.2)
72.8
(22.7)
72.9
(22.7)
73.7
(23.2)
74.7
(23.7)
76.2
(24.6)
76.8
(24.9)
78.1
(25.6)
78.5
(25.8)
77.4
(25.2)
75.8
(24.3)
73.6
(23.1)
75.21
(24)
Daily mean °F (°C) 65.9
(18.8)
66.0
(18.9)
66.6
(19.2)
67.5
(19.7)
68.4
(20.2)
70.2
(21.2)
71.1
(21.7)
72.1
(22.3)
72.2
(22.3)
71.2
(21.8)
69.7
(20.9)
67.5
(19.7)
69.03
(20.56)
Average low °F (°C) 59.7
(15.4)
59.2
(15.1)
60.3
(15.7)
61.3
(16.3)
62.1
(16.7)
64.2
(17.9)
65.3
(18.5)
66.1
(18.9)
65.8
(18.8)
64.9
(18.3)
63.6
(17.6)
61.3
(16.3)
62.82
(17.13)
Record low °F (°C) 48
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
49
(9)
52
(11)
49
(9)
49
(9)
49
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
52
(11)
48
(9)
47
(8)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 5.05
(128.3)
4.06
(103.1)
2.88
(73.2)
2.60
(66)
2.17
(55.1)
1.61
(40.9)
1.66
(42.2)
1.40
(35.6)
2.09
(53.1)
2.51
(63.8)
3.14
(79.8)
4.39
(111.5)
33.56
(852.4)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.7 6.2 7.1 3.8 2.0 1.1 2.4 1.4 2.4 2.8 6.5 7.8 51.2
Source: NOAA/NCDC,[5] Weatherbase [6]
Street sign near Dole Park
Dole Park
View of the night sky from Dole Park

History[edit]

Lanai was once the home of the pineapple plantation of entrepreneur James Drummond Dole, which spanned over 20,000 acres (81 km2) and employed thousands of workers. Dole owned the entire island for a time, and in the 1920s built Lanai City to house and serve the community of workers.[7] It was the first model city in Hawaii. In 1923 several stores, a bank, a hospital, a theater, a church and business headquarters were built around an open park space. In 1930 model homes for couples featuring two bedrooms, a large living room, a kitchen, with running water, electricity and spacious yards were erected. The single men's houses had three furnished rooms and also running water and electricity.[8]

In 2009, the corporation Castle & Cooke, which owns the Dole Food Company, announced its intent to demolish much of what remained of the historic district, including homes, a laundromat, and a jailhouse—all dating back to the 1920s—in order to build new commercial structures. The development would have included a supermarket described by the National Trust for Historic Preservation as "oversized" and "out-of-scale".[7] The intact plantation town is something not found on any of the other Hawaiian Islands.[9]

However, in June 2012, Castle & Cooke sold its island possessions (totaling 98% of the island) to billionaire Larry Ellison for $300 million.[10][11]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 3,164 people, 1,148 households, and 796 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 885.5 people per square mile (342.2/km²). There were 1,343 housing units at an average density of 375.9 per square mile (145.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 13.24% White, 0.13% African American, 0.38% Native American, 58.09% Asian, 7.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 20.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.74% of the population.

There were 1,148 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,271, and the median income for a family was $49,209. Males had a median income of $29,800 versus $27,065 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,668. About 8.5% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Urban infrastructure[edit]

Lanai City boasts a community hospital, a community health center, an olympic-size public pool, a state-of-the art movie theater, a supermarket and a public library.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Lanai City CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ Lanai Community Hospital Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lanai City CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Monthly Normals for Lanai City". NOAA. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Lanai City, Hawaii, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  7. ^ a b "Lāna'i City." National Trust for Historic Preservation. 2009. Accessed 5 May 2009.
  8. ^ Time line of key events in LĀNA‘I's history Lana'i Culture and Heritage Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  9. ^ 11 sites make new list of 'endangered historic places', at CNN.com
  10. ^ PBN confirms amount billionaire Larry Ellison paid for Hawaiian Island of Lanai Pacific Business News, January 7, 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Oracle founder Larry Ellison buying Hawaiian island of Lanai". Los Angeles Times. June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.