Lưu Hữu Phước

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Lưu Hữu Phước (12 September 1921 in Cần Thơ, Cochinchina – 16 June 1989 in Hồ Chí Minh City, Vietnam) was a Vietnamese composer, a member of the National Assembly, and Chairman of the Committee of Culture and Education of the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.


He was originally a medical student, the composing member of a trio with lyricists Mai Văn Bộ, later ambassador, and Nguyễn Thành Nguyên, later a dentist in California, composing patriotric songs in 1943.[1][2][3] He was a posthumous recipient of the Hồ Chí Minh Prize in 1996. His Thanh niên hành khúc was the base of the 1948–1975 South Vietnamese National Anthem,[4] though this was before he became a Communist.[4]

After becoming a Communist,[4] Lưu wrote both the lyrics and composed the music to "Liberate the South" in 1969.[4]



  1. ^ Lưu Hữu Phước, cuộc đời và sự nghiệp âm nhạc Thanh Nam Phan, Hữu Chí Lưu, Như Ý Nguyễn – 2005 – 895 pages Biographical sketches and works of Lưu Hữu Phước, 1921–1989; Vietnamese composer.
  2. ^ Đình Hoà Nguyêñ From the city inside the Red River: a cultural memoir 1999 – Page 100 "This "renovated music" overflowing with sentimentalism and nostalgic reminiscences soon evolved into vigorous and lively works that expressed less and less romance and languor. Lưu Hữu Phước, Mai Văn Bộ and Nguyễn-Thành Nguyên, the three medical students... Lưu Hữu Phước who wrote the lively music, was a prominent cultural figure ."
  3. ^ Robert Trando Letters of a Vietnamese Émigre 2010 Page 32 "In a corner, the piano-violin duo of Nguyễn-Trọng Thường and Đỗ-Thế Phiệt gave a rich recital of Bach, Schubert, and Strauss. The Cochin-Chinese musicians, Lưu-Hữu Phước, Mai-Văn Bộ, and Nguyễn-Thành Nguyên, composed patriotic .."
  4. ^ a b c d e nationalanthems.info. "South Vietnam 1975-1976 - nationalnthems.info". nationalanthems.info. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  5. ^ David G. Marr Vietnamese Tradition on Trial, 1920–1945 1984– Page 188 "A new form that gained popular acceptance in this period was the marching song, often on patriotic historical themes. 158 One song, "A Call to Youth (Tieng Goi Thanh Men), by Luu Huu Phuoc, swept the country in 1945 and served as a ..."

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