This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|L-3 Communications Holdings|
|Traded as||NYSE: LLL|
|Fate||Merged with Harris Corporation|
|Predecessor||Loral Corporation's business that was part of Lockheed Martin, Paramax Systems Corporation|
|Defunct||June 28, 2019|
|Michael T. Strianese|
Christopher E. Kubasik
(CEO and President)
|Products||AVCATT, ISR systems, numerous specialized components, electronics, avionics|
|Revenue||US$9.573 billion (2017)|
|US$1.020 billion (2017)|
|US$986 million (2017)|
|Total assets||US$12.73 billion (2017)|
|Total equity||US$5.15 billion (2017)|
Number of employees
L3 Technologies, formerly L-3 Communications Holdings, was an American company that supplied command and control, communications, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C3ISR) systems and products, avionics, ocean products, training devices and services, instrumentation, aerospace, and navigation products. Its customers included the Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, United States Intelligence Community, NASA, aerospace contractors, and commercial telecommunications and wireless customers. In 2019, it merged with Harris Corporation and was renamed to L3Harris Technologies.
L3 was formed as L-3 Communications in 1997 to acquire certain business units from Lockheed Martin that had previously been part of Loral Corporation. These units had belonged to Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta, which had merged three years before in 1993. The company was founded by (and named for) Frank Lanza and Robert LaPenta in partnership with Lehman Brothers. Lanza and LaPenta had both served as executives at Loral and Lockheed.
- Training & Simulation Division of Raytheon Systems Co., based in Arlington, Texas. This company was formerly known as Hughes Training, Inc., and part of the Hughes Aircraft Defense Group purchased by Raytheon from General Motors two years earlier. The division traces its ancestry to the original company formed by Edwin Link, inventor of the airplane simulator, and accordingly was renamed Link Simulation and Training (now known as Link Training and Simulation).
- KDI Precision Products, Batavia, Ohio. Electronic fuzing, safe and arm devices.
- Litton Electron Devices from Northrop Grumman (renamed L3 Electron Devices)
- Raytheon Aircraft Integration Systems (renamed L3 Integrated Systems; the Greenville, Texas facility is now known as L3 Mission Integration Division, while the Waco, Texas facility is now known as L3 Platform Integration Division)
- SyColeman Corporation, which came about from the joining of Sy Technologies and Coleman Research Corporation.
- PerkinElmer Detection Systems from PerkinElmer which became L-3 Security & Detection Systems.
- Cincinnati Electronics, Mason, Ohio. Infrared detectors & systems, space avionics.
- Titan Corp., after a failed buyout attempt by Lockheed Martin.
- L-3 Communication Combat Propulsion Systems, previously owned by General Dynamics Land Systems.
- L-3 Communications MAPPS, previously CAE's Marine Controls unit
- Electron Dynamic Devices from Boeing Satellite Systems.
- Applied Signal & Image Technology, Linthicum Heights, MD. Geo-location systems for RF emitters.
- Advanced System Architectures, a company based in Fleet, Hampshire, United Kingdom. L-3 ASA has core capabilities in the development and through-life management of complex information systems, data fusion and tracking solutions, and interoperable secure communications systems.
- Crestview Aerospace, a company based in northwest Florida. Crestview Aerospace provides aircraft structures, major airframe assemblies, and military aircraft modifications for leading prime contractors and OEMs in the aerospace industry. (Sold in 2017 along with Vertex Aerospace and TCS.)
- Nautronix and MariPro, based in Fremantle, Australia and Santa Barbara, California, respectively, from Nautronix Plc in Aberdeen, Scotland. Nautronix and MariPro provide acoustic ranges and hydrographics to commercial and defense markets.
- TRL Technology, a specialist defense electronics company based in Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. TRL Technology is internationally known for development and innovation in the fields of interception, surveillance, electronic warfare, and communications.
- Insight Technologies, a company based in Londonderry, New Hampshire. Insight develops and builds optics, from night-vision goggles to weapon-mounted sights and lasers.
- Thales Training and Simulation (partial), a multinational company which manufactures civil and military full flight simulators and provides related training and support services – a wholly owned subsidiary of the Thales Group. In August 2012 L-3 acquired Thales Group's civil fixed-wing flight simulation business, to form L-3 Link Simulation & Training UK.
- CTC Aviation Limited (rebranded in May 2017 as L3 Airline Academy) a company based in Southampton providing training and resourcing to many international airlines, most notably through its 'CTC Wings' ab-initio flight training program which successfully places many cadets within a vast network of partner airlines. As well as providing MPL courses for airlines such as Cathay Dragon, easyJet, Flybe, Hong Kong Airlines, Qatar Airways and Virgin Atlantic Airways. CTC Aviation also trains pilots on the British Airways Future Pilot Program. The aviation academy has a 98% employment rate with various airlines including Ryanair, FlyBe and many more. CTC also has locations in Hamilton, New Zealand and Gatwick Airport in London.
- MacDonald Humfrey (Automation), a Luton, UK based checkpoint security and automation company.
- ExMac(Automation), a Droitwich, UK based automated material handling company.
- Open Water Power, a Somerville, Massachusetts based battery startup spun out of MIT. Its novel aluminum-water battery technology promises a tenfold improvement in the endurance of Unmanned Underwater Vehicles.
- Ocean-Server Technology, a Fall River, Massachusetts based small business specializing in lithium-ion battery, sensor, and robotic mini-sub (UUV) products
- ASV Global, a Lafayette, Louisiana based business with international offices in Portchester specializing in Autonomous Surface Vehicles for commercial and defense markets.
- In October 2018, L3 announced an all-stock "merger of equals" with Florida-based Harris Corporation, to be closed (subject to approvals) in mid-2019. The merger was completed on June 29, 2019, and the new company, L3Harris Technologies, Inc., is based in Melbourne, Florida, where Harris was headquartered.
As of 2017, L3 is organized under four business segments:
- Electronic Systems
- Advanced Programs
- Aviation Products and Security
- Power and Propulsion Systems
- Precision Engagement and Training
- Aerospace Systems
- Aircraft Systems
- ISR Systems
- Vertex Aerospace
- Communication Systems
- Advanced Communications
- Broadband Communications
- Space and Power
- Tactical SATCOM
- Sensor Systems
- Space & Sensor Systems
- Maritime Sensor Systems
- Worldwide Surveillance & Targeting Missions
- Warrior Sensor Systems
Frank Lanza, CEO and co-founder, died on June 7, 2006. CFO Michael T. Strianese was named as interim CEO, and was later appointed Chairman, President and CEO of the company on October 23, 2006. In 2015, former Lockheed Martin executive Christopher E. Kubasik was named President and COO, with Strianese remaining as Chairman and CEO. On July 19, 2017, Strianese announced that he would retire as CEO on December 31, 2017, to be succeeded by Kubasik, but would remain as board chairman. As of January 1, 2018, Christopher E. Kubasik became Chief Executive Officer and President of L3 Technologies.
L3 Technologies was originally named L-3 Communications for the last initials of its founders Frank Lanza, Robert LaPenta, and Lehman Brothers. Despite the similarity in naming, there is no corporate connection between L3 Technologies, formerly known as L-3 Communications, and networking provider Level 3 Communications, whose name is often abbreviated "L3" in informal industry communication.
On December 31, 2016, the company company changed its name from L-3 Communications Holdings, Inc. to L3 Technologies, Inc. to better reflect the company's wider focus since its founding in 1997. The company's website changed from L-3com.com to L3T.com, but the company's NYSE ticker symbol of LLL remained the same.
- L-3 ProVision, Millimeter Wave Airport Passenger Screening System
- L-3 eXaminer SX, 3DX, and XLB, Airport baggage scanning systems
- L-3 OptEX, Trace level explosive detection system
- AVCATT, a mobile aviation training simulator
- Orchid, Total Development & Simulation Environment (Power, Marine)
- EOTech, Holographic weapon sights
- L-3 Sonoma EO, Electro Optical Imaging Systems, 1508M Dragon Eyes, 1205MD, 2111X, 2514X, & 2711G
Federal contract suspension
In 2010 it was announced that L3's Special Support Programs Division had been suspended by the United States Air Force from doing any contract work for the US federal government. A US Department of Defense investigation had reportedly found that the company had, "used a highly sensitive government computer network to collect competitive business information for its own use." A US federal criminal investigation ended the temporary suspension on July 27, 2010.
On November 4, 2010 L3 issued a part purge notification to prevent future use of Chinese counterfeit parts, but did not notify its customers whose display systems suffered from much higher than expected failure rates.
EOTech defective holographic sights lawsuit
In 2015, L3 Technologies agreed to pay $25.6 million to settle a lawsuit with the U.S. Government. L3 was accused of knowingly providing the U.S. military with optics that failed in extreme temperatures and humid weather conditions. These sights were provided to infantry and special operations forces operating in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as civilians and law enforcement.
The civil fraud lawsuit was filed by Preet Bharara, in the Southern District of New York. The lawsuit alleged L3 officials have known since 2006 that the holographic sights being sent to Iraq and Afghanistan failed to perform as advertised in extreme temperature ranges. The lawsuit alleges that the FBI independently discovered the thermal drift defect in March 2015 and presented EOTech with "the very same findings that the company had documented internally for years. Shortly thereafter, EOTech finally disclosed the thermal drift defect to DoD." According to court documents, EOTech had advertised that its sights performed in temperatures ranging from -40 degrees to 140 degrees Fahrenheit, and in humid conditions.
In temperature extremes the sights exhibited thermal drift, which is when the sight's point of aim differed from its point of impact.
The sights also suffered from reticle fading and parallax.
- "L3 TECHNOLOGIES, INC. ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K For the Year Ended December 31, 2016" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 23, 2017. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L3 Technologies". Fortune. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
- "Harris Corporation and L3 Technologies Set Closing Date for Merger" (Press release). Harris. June 21, 2019. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- "Company Profile Archived June 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine". L-3 Communications. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
- "Robert V. LaPenta" L-1 Identity Solutions Archived February 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "History of L-3 Communications Holdings, Inc. – FundingUniverse". www.fundinguniverse.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "2011 Washington Technology Top 100". Archived from the original on December 11, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Training, L3 Link Simulation and. "History - L-3 Link Simulation & Training". www.link.com. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L-3 Communications completes acquisition of PerkinElmer detection-systems business". VisionSystems Design. June 18, 2002. Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L-3 Communications Acquires Ship Analytics, Inc. - Free Online Library". www.thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- "COMPANY NEWS; GOODRICH TO SELL ITS AVIONICS UNIT FOR $188 MILLION". www.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L-3 MAPPS Company details". naval-technology.com. Archived from the original on September 8, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|deadurl=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)." L-3 Communications. Retrieved on May 24, 2010.
- "." Retrieved on November 24, 2014.
- "Goodbye CTC Aviation, hello L3 Airline Academy - Pilot Career News". Pilot Career News. May 15, 2017. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- "Flight Training News advert".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|deadurl=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 1, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|deadurl=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "L3 Acquires Open Water Power, Inc". www.businesswire.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Batteries that "drink" seawater could power long-range underwater vehicles". mit.edu. Archived from the original on June 24, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L3 purchase of Ocean-Serer". April 4, 2017. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L3 Strengthens Unmanned Maritime Capabilities With Acquisition of ASV Global". L3 Technologies. September 24, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- "L3 Chairman and CEO Michael T. Strianese Announces Plan to Retire; Board Elects Christopher E. Kubasik as CEO" (Press release). L3 Technologies. July 19, 2017. Archived from the original on August 18, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Farhatha, Ahmed (July 20, 2017). "L3 Technologies CEO to retire, COO to take over". Reuters. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "L-3 Communications to Change Name to L3 Technologies, Inc" (Press release). L-3 Communications, Inc. December 6, 2016. Archived from the original on December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter
-  Archived July 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Hodge, Nathan, "Spotlight On Private Firms At Pentagon", Wall Street Journal, June 12, 2010, p. 4.
- Rajghatta, Chidanand (March 30, 2014). "Did IAF's 'US-made' C-130J Super Hercules that crashed have fake Chinese parts?". indiatimes.com. TNN. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "EOTech Breaks Silence over Defective Sights" Archived July 27, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Military.com, January 21, 2016. Retrieved on November 8, 2016.]
- "US Optic Maker Settles Lawsuit Over Defective Rifle Sights" Archived February 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Military.com, December 2, 2015. Retrieved on * November 2015.]]
- Murdo Morrison (July 14, 2018). "Farnborough: L3 rolls out new Commercial Aviation branding". Flightglobal.