In enzymology, a L-arabinose isomerase (EC 126.96.36.199) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction
- L-arabinose L-ribulose
Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-arabinose, and one product, L-ribulose.
This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those intramolecular oxidoreductases interconverting aldoses and ketoses. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-arabinose aldose-ketose-isomerase. This enzyme participates in pentose and glucuronate interconversions.
This enzyme catalyses the conversion of L-arabinose to L-ribulose as the first step in the pathway of L-arabinose utilization as a carbon source.
As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2AJT and 2HXG.
- HEATH EC, HORECKER BL, SMYRNIOTIS PZ, TAKAGI Y (1958). "Pentose fermentation by Lactobacillus plantarum. II. L-arabinose isomerase". J. Biol. Chem. 231 (2): 1031–7. PMID 13539034.
- Nakamatu T, Yamanaka K (1969). "Crystallization and properties of L-arabinose isomerase from Lactobacillus gayonii". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 178 (1): 156–65. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(69)90142-9. PMID 5773448.