L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company
|Successor||International Paper Company|
|Founder||Lorenzo Nolly Dantzler|
|Headquarters||Moss Point, Mississippi, United States|
|Products||Southern yellow pine
|Subsidiaries||Native Lumber Co. (1899–1931)
Vancleave Lumber Co. (1903–1931)
Handsboro Lumber Co. (1906–1914)
Ten Mile Lumber Co. (1910–1922)
Bond Lumber Co. (1915–1919)
Cedar Lake Mill Co. (1919–1927)
L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company began as a small sawmill in Moss Point, Mississippi and was incorporated in 1888. Originally, the main business was the manufacture of lumber from southern yellow pine, but the company switched to tree farming of southern pines in 1949. The family-owned company prospered for 75 years but was sold to International Paper Company in 1966.
L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company had its beginning shortly before the American Civil War, when William Griffin acquired a sawmill at Moss Point, Mississippi, where the Pascagoula River and Escatawpa River converged. Lorenzo Nolly Dantzler married Griffin's daughter in 1857 and purchased the sawmill from his father-in-law in the 1870s.
With financial assistance from a New Orleans lumber merchant, L.N. Dantzler had a larger sawmill constructed along the Escatawpa River at Moss Point, and it began operation in 1885. The new sawmill began by processing 70,000 board feet of lumber per day, but within six years had increased daily production to 125,000 board feet. The new mill had kilns and machines for planing and edging the rough-cut lumber into finished products.
Dantzler persuaded two of his sons, J.L. and L.N. Dantzler, Jr., to join the company, and the three incorporated the L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company on March 1, 1888. The lumber company became the first privately chartered corporation in Mississippi.
For 20 years, the company relied on contract loggers to supply their sawmills, but in the 1890s, the company began buying large tracts of land to insure a more reliable source of timber. By the early 1900s, the company had acquired about 400,000 acres (160,000 ha) of timberland in the six southernmost counties of Mississippi.
The sawmill's Moss Point location was well situated for receiving logs that were rafted down the Pascagoula and Escatawpa Rivers and their tributaries. But in order to access their inland timber-holdings, the company built a railroad from Vancleave, Mississippi, northwest into what would become Stone County. Processed lumber from their sawmills was loaded onto company ships for export through the Gulf of Mexico to Europe, South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean Islands. By 1913, the company was the largest exporter of lumber in Mississippi, but with the advent of World War I, demand for lumber from overseas countries declined.
Profits from the Moss Point sawmill were used to expand the company by purchasing existing sawmills and constructing new mills throughout south Mississippi. Their holdings once included the Bond Lumber Company (1915 to 1919), Cedar Lake Mill Company (1919 to 1927), Handsboro Lumber Company (1906 to 1914), Native Lumber Company (1899 to 1931), Ten Mile Lumber Company (1910 to 1922), and Vancleave Lumber Company (1903 to 1931).
In addition to sawmills, the Dantzler family owned naval store operations, a marine towing business, a ship building and dry docks company, a foundry and machine works company, a brick kiln, a mill for producing shingles, and a factory for making window sashes and blinds.
On a trip to England in the early 1900s, J.L. Dantzler consulted with paper industry experts about using the sulfate process for manufacturing kraft paper from southern pines. In 1911, the Dantzler's began construction of a paper mill in Moss Point to utilize waste slabs from their sawmills. The mill began operation in 1913 as Southern Paper Company. International Paper Company purchased the mill in 1928 and operated it through the end of the 20th century. The paper mill closed in 2001.
Management practices shift
As the supply of virgin timber declined in the 1920s, the Dantzler Lumber Company gradually ended its use of railroad logging and began implementing reforestation on its cutover lands. By the early 1940s, the company had begun selectively cutting their timber to extend their reserve of larger trees.
The company closed its Moss Point sawmill in 1942, and moved the company office to Ten Mile, near Perkinston, Mississippi, where they opened a new sawmill. During World War II, Dantzler Lumber Company entered into a contract with the War Department to use labor from the prisoner-of-war camp in Saucier, Mississippi for stacking, loading, and handling lumber at their Ten Mile sawmill.
In 1949, Dantzler Lumber Company ended all company-owned logging and mill operations and entered the business of tree farming and selling their timber on a selective basis so as to yield a variety of wood products—poles, pilings, sawlogs, and pulpwood. By mid-20th century, the company had reduced its timberland holdings from nearly half a million acres (200,000 hectares) to about 115,000 acres (47,000 ha). In 1966, the L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company was sold to International Paper Company.
- L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company Historical Data Retrieved 2014-03-15
- Mississippi Rails: L.N. Dantzler Lumber Co. Retrieved 2014-03-12
- Hickman, Nollie. 1962. Mississippi Harvest: Lumbering in the Longleaf Pine Belt, 1840–1915. Oxford: University of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-60473-287-0
- Charter of Incorporation of the L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company Retrieved 2014-03-15
- Mississippi Department of Archives and History Interview with A.M. Dantzler (July 27, 1973) Retrieved 2014-03-14
- Weiss, George, and J.W. Leonard. 1920. America's Maritime Progress—L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company (page 382). New York: The New York Marine News Company Retrieved 2014-03-17
- Jackson County Historical and Genealogical Society, Illustrated Timeline 1900-1948 Retrieved 2014-03-18
- Moss Point paper mill to close Retrieved 2014-09-05
- Ten Mile, Mississippi Retrieved 2014-12-27
- Prisoner of War Labor Contract Retrieved 2014-03-17