L. Frank (left) with Navajo writer Reid Gómez
L. Frank Manriquez
1952 (age 65–66)
|Known for||Basket weaving, illustration, painting, indigenous language activism|
|Patron(s)||News from Native California|
L. Frank (born 1952) is the nom d'arte of L. Frank Manriquez, a Tongva-Ajachmem artist, writer, tribal scholar, cartoonist, and indigenous language activist. She lives and works in Santa Rosa, California.
In 1990, L. Frank was Artist in Residence at the Headland Center for the Arts in Sausalito, California; her artwork has been exhibited widely throughout California and appears in several publications.
Her regular column/graphic, "Acorn Soup", has appeared in the quarterly newsletter News from Native California since 1992. "Acorn Soup" features the comic adventures of Coyote in his various guises: the Creator of the Universe and the Buffoon, the Trickster and the Tricked, always the Indian's Wise Fool. A selection of L. Frank's "Acorn Soup" cartoons have been collected and published in book form. Concerning L. Frank, one reviewer of the book at Amazon.com commented: "Introducing the Gary Larson of the Native American cartoon world!"
Another book, "First Families: Photographic History of California Indians" with co-author Kim Hogeland, was published in September 2006. It is an introduction to California's native populations, with pictures such as the re-creation and sailing of the tii'at (a traditional Tongva/Gabrieleño canoe) off Catalina Island in 1995, to the 1918 picture of Kumeyaay men performing a sacred funerary dance with karuk (vision) dolls, to an image from 1932 of Salinans leading anthropologist J. P. Harrington on an expedition along California's central coast. Each chapter covers a different region of California, with brief essays introducing the region's cultures, histories, and contemporary life.
She is a Board Member of the California Indian Basketweavers Association and one of seven founding board members of the Advocates for Indigenous California Languages, organizations that are involved in the preservation and revival of Native Californian languages through traditional arts practice, language immersion, conferences and workshops.
She has won several awards for her activities, including from the American Association of University Women, the James Irvine Foundation, the Fund for Folk Culture (for travel to the Native Californian art collection at the Musée de l' Homme in Paris). In 1995 she was featured as a "Local Hero" in KQED-TV/Examiner Newspaper's Native American Heritage Month series. Frank is also active in the Two-Spirit culture educating and spreading awareness of issues.
In response to the Pope canonizing Juniper Serra, Frank with Corine Fairbanks and other members of the Indigenous community held several publicized rallies to bring to light the detrimental affect that the mission system had on California Indians.
In 2016, Frank built a traditional Tongva tule boat for Northwest Journeys, an intertribal event in Washington state, which was highlighted on the KCET channel. In the fall of that year, she was a speaker on Native American rights and the protection of the Earth at the Dakota Pipeline protest. She stated the media's coverage of the event has been misconstrued. "We don’t want violence of perceived violence to be what’s on the media."
- "L. Frank." Archived 2011-05-03 at the Wayback Machine. Mingei International Museum. (retrieved 27 April 2011)
- Fitzgerald, Colleen M. (11 June 2015). "Breathing New Life Into Native American Languages". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Indian singers, dancers at Yerba Buena gardens". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Heyday — News from Native California". heydaybooks.com. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "Review - California History". ucpress.edu. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "'Serra Is No Saint' Day of Mourning in San Francisco - Indian Country Media Network". indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Tules: Weaving Baskets, Boats, Decoys, and Houses". 9 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Santa Rosa canoe project symbolizes 'cultural revitalization' for Native Americans". 23 July 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Teach-in shows solidarity with Standing Rock". 16 September 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- The Art of L. Frank
- L. Frank bio and video, Mingei International Museum
- Biographical note at California Academy of Sciences
- Biographical note for the Endangered Language Conference at University of California, Berkeley, Jepson and University Herbaria
- Advocates for Indigenous California Languages
- California Indian Basketweavers Association