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|First publication of The Protocols|
|Writers, editors, and publishers associated with The Protocols|
|Debunkers of The Protocols|
|Commentaries on The Protocols|
L. (Leslie) Fry (February 16, 1882 – July 15, 1970) was the pen name of Paquita Louise de Shishmareff. Her name is given as Paquita Deshishmaref in the SSDI (Social Security Death Index). She was an antisemitic, pro-Christian activist, who is primarily known for her authorship of Waters Flowing Eastward (1931), a book which asserts that Jews were to blame for both Capitalism and Bolshevism, and that it was primarily certain Jews who started World War I. She alleged that certain Freemasons were involved as well. She postulated that the ultimate aim of these particular Jews and Freemasons was "World Domination". These conclusions were based in part on her study of the infamous Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Elizabeth (Red) Fry married William Chapman Ralston (1826-1875) on May 20, 1858 in San Francisco. Soon after their marriage, W. C. Ralston rose to become a San Francisco banking and real estate magnate. In fact, W. C. Ralston became a living legend, who after his death (and even during his lifetime) was widely acclaimed as "the man who built San Francisco." However, their marriage was not a happy one, and it finally ended in disaster on August 27, 1875, when William drowned while swimming in San Francisco Bay. After the settlement of her husband's estate, in December 1875 Elizabeth embarked on a steamer to Europe, intending to settle in Paris with her children. It is reported that she first met John Arthur Chandor on this steamer, and that he soon joined her in Paris, even though he had been recently married in New York City. It is not known at this time if J. A. Chandor and Elizabeth ever married, but nevertheless their friendship resulted in the birth of Louise A. Chandor (pen-name: Leslie Fry) in Paris on Feb. 16, 1882.
Louise's paternal grandparents were Laslo Philip Chandor (originally: László Fülöp Sándor) (1817 - October 7, 1894) and Laura Mannabourg (September 28, 1827 - 1879). Laslo was an Austrian-Hungarian adventurer, inventor and businessman, who had emigrated to the U. S. in the 1840s. As a businessman (he was founder and director of the Mineral Lighting Company in New York City) and inventor (he held several patents), Laslo had a great interest in lighting and in providing improved lighting systems for cities. In the early-to-mid 1860s he obtained contracts to provide an improved public lighting system for the city of St. Petersburg, Russia. Laslo obtained these contracts by cultivating business relationships with various U. S. diplomats (connected with the administrations of Presidents James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, and Andrew Johnson) who were involved in U. S.-Russia trade relations during this time. Later (in the 1870s and 1880s), Laslo was involved in the burgeoning oil and gas industries in Russia. Laslo's son John Arthur Chandor (1850-1909), who was Louise's father, was also involved in various business activities in Russia.
Early Life in Europe and Russia, 1882-1917
Louise spent considerable time living in St. Petersburg while her grandfather and father were engaged in business activities there. In 1906 Louise got married in St. Petersburg to Feodor Ivanovich Shishmarev, an officer in the Russian Imperial Army. The Shishmarev family was part of the Russian aristocracy. Feodor was murdered in 1917 by Bolsheviks during the Russian Revolution, but before his murder he had the foresight to send Louise (who was now using her married name 'Paquita Louise de Shishmareff') with their two sons (Kyril and Misha), and the family fortune, out of the country to safety. During the Bolshevik Revolution, Paquita and her sons moved to Tiflis, Russia, where they lived under the protection of the American Consulate in Tiflis.
Activities in the United States and Europe, 1917–1970
In the mid-summer of 1917 Paquita and her sons left Tiflis and traveled to the eastern Russian port city of Vladivostok, where they boarded the steamship S. S. Goentoer and left Russia, their destination being San Francisco, California. Paquita and her sons arrived in San Francisco on August 31, 1917.
According to the 1920 U. S. Federal Census records, in 1920 Paquita and her son Misha (Michael) (listed under the surname "Deshishmareft" in the records) were living in Mamaroneck (Westchester County), New York, while her son Kyril (listed as "Keera De Shismareff" in the records) was attending Mount Tamalpais Military Academy (in San Rafael, Marin County, California). It is believed that Paquita moved back to California about 1926. She was associated with fascist political circles during this period. Her wealth allowed her to financially support right-wing nationalists.
Paquita met Henry Ford in or around 1920, and presented him with a copy of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. She conceived the Protocols as part of a conspiracy according to which a group led by the "cultural Zionist" Asher Ginzberg plotted world domination. However, at the time Ginzberg merely supported an international Jewish cultural and political revival, not the planning and formation of an actual Jewish state.
Antisemitic writer and Nazi ideologist Ernst Graf zu Reventlow named Fry as his source for his own view that Ginzberg was the author of the Protocols. After Philip Graves provided evidence in The Times of London that the Protocols were in reality a composite document which, for the most part, had been constructed/plagiarised from a variety of other writings which had been published previously to the appearance of the Protocols, Reventlow published his support for Fry's theory in the periodical La Vieille France. Ginzberg's supporters sued Reventlow, who was forced to retract his allegations and pay damages.
Strongly opposed to Roosevelt's New Deal, Fry argued that it represented "the transformation of the Constitutional form of American government into that of the Kahal, or Jewish form of government. It has been called the New Deal and the Jew Deal. Both are correct and synonymous."
She was involved in various fascist organisations of the 1930s, and founded the nationalist and isolationist Christian Free Press, "an anti-Semitic newspaper modeled after Germany's infamous Der Sturmer". She joined forces with Henry Douglas Allen (1879-1961) in a failed attempt to revitalize the Ku Klux Klan. Documents found by San Diego police in Allen's briefcase in 1938 implicated Fry as a paid Nazi agent, but she escaped prosecution at the time. However, she later became estranged from Allen and accused him of misappropriating money from her.
In 1940 she fled to fascist Italy, but returned the US after the attack on Pearl Harbor. She was interned on Ellis Island and indicted for sedition, but charges were dropped and she was released after the end of the war.
Origin of the Protocols according to Waters Flowing Eastward
Fry's major work, Waters Flowing Eastward (1931), attempted to prove that the Protocols were part of a plot to destroy Christian civilization. The apparent conflict between Communism and Capitalism was a smoke-screen for Jewish domination, as outlined in the Protocols. The claim repeated by many authors that the Protocols first came to light in 1884 via Justine Glinka, was originally put forth by Fry in the 1st edition (1931) of Waters Flowing Eastward, in a chapter of the book titled "How the Protocols Came to Russia".
According to Fry's account, Justine Glinka (1836-1916), the daughter of Russian diplomat Dmitry Glinka (1808-1883), was endeavouring (in the early to mid-1880s) to serve her country (Russia) by obtaining political information in Paris, which she forwarded to General Orgevskii. In 1884 a Jewish Freemason named Joseph Schorst (alias of Théodore Joseph Schapiro) sold Justine a manuscript copy of the Protocols (written in French) for 2,500 francs. Fry believed that Schorst had smuggled this copy of the Protocols out of the archives of one of the Mizraïm Masonic Lodges in Paris. According to records in the archives of the Sûreté (French Secret Police), Schorst eventually fled to Egypt, where he was murdered. This manuscript of the Protocols then supposedly found its way (through a very convoluted and questionable route) into the hands of Sergei Nilus, who was the first person to publish it in its entirety (in 1905) under a single cover.
Fry compiled an elaborate chart called the Politico-Occult-Judaeo-Masonry Chart (1940, by L. Fry), which shows the interconnections between all the organizations which she claims were/are involved in the alleged Jewish masterplan for world domination. The chart consists of a sheet of paper (measuring approximately 23" X 18"), printed on both sides. On the chart Fry illustrates how the Jewish masterplan is linked to various Judaic, Masonic, Occult, and World-Political organizations, such as the Bavarian Order of the Illuminati, founded by Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830) on May 1, 1776, and the League of Nations.
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Taĭnyĭ vozhdʹ īudeĭskīĭ.: Perevod s frantsuzskago
- [of Miss L. Fry by Th. Vinberg, being an attempt to prove
- the "Protokoly Sīonskikh Mudret︠s︡ov"
- published in a work by S. A. Nilus
- to be a work by U. Ginzberg].
- by Leslie Fry; Thedor Viktorovich Vinberg
- Type: Microform
- Language: Russian
- Publisher: Berlin, 1922.
- OCLC: 84780936
- System number 002659956
- Author - personal NILUS, Sergei Aleksandrovich.
- Title Протоколы Сіонскихъ Мудрецовъ, по тексту С. А. Нилуса. Всемирный тайный заговоръ.
- [The text of the "Protocols" adapted from M. Joly's
- "Dialogue aux Enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ... par un Contemporain"
- taken from S. A. Nilus's Великое въ Маломъ,
- preceded by Miss L. Fry's Ахадъ-Хамъ.
- Тайный вождь іудейскій in Th. Vinberg's translation,
- being an attempt to prove the "Protocols" to be a work by U. Ginzberg,
- with a preface to the whole by A. Rogovich.
- With this there are two cuttings from "The Times" and one from "Послѣднія Извѣстія" on the subject.
- With an illustration.]
- Publisher/year Linkpp. 124. Берлинъ, 1922.
- Physical descr. 8º.
- Added name FRY, Leslie.
- GINZBERG, Asher Zvi.
- JOLY, Maurice.
- ROGOVICH, A.
- VINBERG, Thedor Viktorovich.
- Holdings (All) Details
- Shelfmark C.37.ee.2. Request
- Waters Flowing Eastward
- 1st Edition (1931) -- Waters Flowing Eastward (Paris: Éditions R.I.S.S., 1931) (223 p. + index = 227 p.) (The Protocols occupy pp. 143–219 of the text)
- 2nd Edition (1933) - Waters Flowing Eastward (Paris: Éditions R.I.S.S., revised & enlarged, 1933) (277 p., includes index)
- 3rd Edition (1934) - Waters Flowing Eastward (Abbeville and Chatou, France: British American Press, revised & enlarged, 1934) (277 p.)
- 4th Edition (1953) - Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ (London: Britons Publishing Society, revised & enlarged, 1953) (267 p., includes index) - (4th Edition Reprint, 1997 - Boring, Oregon: CPA Books)
- 5th Edition (1965) - Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ - On Zionism and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. With the Text of the Protocols, first published by S. A. Nilus. With Plates, including Facsimiles (London: Britons Publishing Company, revised & enlarged, 1965) (287 p.) - Edited, revised & enlarged by Rev. Denis Fahey, C.S.Sp.)
- Contents of the 5th (1965) edition:
- Publisher's Foreword
- Part One - Zionism
- The Balfour Declaration
- The Jewish Community: Its Spirit and Organization
- New Links Between Communities
- Ginzberg the Interpreter of Jewish Aims
- Zionists and Anti-Zionists
- Ten Years of Zionism
- Part Two - The Protocols
- How the Protocols Came to Russia
- How an American Edition was Suppressed
- More Attempts at Refutation
- Text and Commentary of the Protocols
- A Few Illustrative Facts
- Brafmann and His Work
- The Writing on the Wall
- The Kellogg Palestine Pact
- Note on the Kellogg-Briand Pact
- Part Three - Sovietization of the British Empire and the United States
- Freedom and Planning
- Appendix 1 - The State of the World
- Appendix 2 - The Berne Trials
- Appendix 3 - The Rulers of Russia
- General Index
- Index to the Protocols
- Contents of the 5th (1965) edition:
- 6th Edition (1988) - - - - - - - Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ (New Orleans: Flanders Hall, 1988) (283 p.)
- 7th Edition (1998) - - - - - - - Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ (Washington, D.C.: TBR Books, 1998) (283 p.)
- 8th Edition (rebound, 1999) - Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ (Washington, D.C.: TBR Books, 1999) (283 p.)
- 9th Edition (2000) - - - - - - - Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ (Washington, D.C.: TBR Books, 2000) (283 p.)
- 10th Edition (2000) - - - - - --Waters Flowing Eastward: The War Against the Kingship of Christ (Washington, D.C.: TBR Books, 2000) (283 p.)
- Current  Web edition.
- In Defense of Youth
- Will the University of California be Seized by Communists?
- Planned Economy
- The New Order
- California Betrayed
- various pamphlets on Zionism
- Who Put Hitler in Power
- in Women's Voice
- ed. by Mrs. Van Hyning
- "Subversive Activities in America First Committee in California" (PDF). Ajcarchives.com. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
- "Fry, Leslie (Louise Chandor-Shishmareff)" by Michael Hagemeister, in Handbuch des Antisemitismus 1. A-K (München Saur, 2009), ed. by Wolfgang Benz.
- "In search of evidence of the origin of the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion". UFO 2009, № 96 Michael Hagemeyster (in Russian). See footnote #3 on page 4 (which refers to information in paragraph #6 on page 1)
- Inhaltsverzeichnis.pdf[permanent dead link]. Degruyter.de. See the following entries: (i) Chandor-Shishmareff, Louise====> Fry, Leslie (ii) Fry, Leslie (iii) Schischmarjowa, Louise (geb. Chandor)====> Fry, Leslie (iv) Shishmareff, Paquita de====> Fry, Leslie[dead link]
- John Arthur Chandor (Jan. 18, 1850 - June 1, 1909) - U. S. diplomat, inventor, and adventurer. He was born in Manhattan, New York, and died in Kensington, Greater London, England. In the early 1880s he held the diplomatic post of Second Secretary at the U. S. Embassy in Paris, France. John's date of death is recorded in the Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England (London, England - Crown copyright), in the volume for year 1912, page 355. The complete statement there on page 355 concerning him is as follows: "Chandor, John Arthur - Of 5 Abingdon Court, Kensington, Middlesex, died on June 1, 1909. Administration (limited): London, November 11  to Reginald Mortimer Chandor, publisher, and attorney of Adeline Augusta Chandor (John's widow). Effects: 1317 (pounds sterling) and 10s." See the following websites for additional documentation on J. A. Chandor: () and () and ()
- Elizabeth (Red) Fry Ralston (usually referred to simply as 'Elizabeth Fry Ralston' or 'Lizzie Fry Ralston') (Nov. 9, 1837 - Nov. 30, 1929) - Born in Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois. Her parents were James Red (July 22, 1814 - Nov. 17, 1857) and Edna Fry. Edna Fry's brother was the famous San Francisco mining and banking magnate John Douglas Fry (July 1, 1819 - Feb. 3, 1901). When Elizabeth was about 10 years old she was adopted by J. D. Fry, who was her maternal uncle. After Fry adopted her, Elizabeth started using 'Fry' (instead of 'Red') as her surname. J. D. Fry moved to California (from Greene County, Illinois) in 1849, and Elizabeth joined him in California as soon as he had established himself in business there. On May 20, 1858, Elizabeth married William Chapman Ralston (Jan. 12, 1826 - Aug. 27, 1875) in San Francisco (See: Ralston-Fry Wedding, Yosemite.ca.us). In March 1867 William and Elizabeth separated temporarily - Elizabeth spent 10 months in France, accompanied only by her three living children and two maids (see "Timeline San Francisco to 1892 ". See the entry dated 1867 March about William Ralston and his wife 'Lizzie'). In 1869 she also spent several months in Europe - again without her husband. During her 1869 European excursion, rumors spread of a romance between Lizzie and artist John O'Brien Inman (1828-1896), who had a studio in Rome. When Elizabeth returned to the U. S., she had another child by W. C. Ralston, a daughter named Bertha Ralston (March 28, 1872 - Oct. 30, 1960). Bertha married Louis Victor Bright (1863-1933), a Manhattan lawyer and banker. W. C. Ralston died by drowning on Aug. 27, 1875. After the settlement of her husband's estate, in December 1875 Elizabeth traveled with her children by steamer to Paris, where she intended to settle permanently. An article which appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle (issue of Nov. 27, 1877) (see below) reports that Elizabeth first met John Arthur Chandor onboard this steamer during her December 1875 voyage to Paris. Surviving her husband W. C. Ralston by some 54 years, Elizabeth eventually returned to the U. S. and lived for many years in a peaceful little cottage in the foothill country near Georgetown, El Dorado County, California. She died at age 92 in San Francisco. Elizabeth's husband, William Chapman Ralston, Sr. (1826-1875), was buried in the Lone Mountain Cemetery (renamed the Laurel Hill Cemetery) in San Francisco. Elizabeth Fry Ralston was cremated, and her cremains are inurned in a columbarium vault at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park (Colma, San Mateo County, California). She shares this columbarium vault (located in Garden E, Section 5) with 9 other family members and close relatives (to date), namely: Samuel Fry Ralston (1859-1888), Etna Louise Ralston (1860-1862), William Chapman Ralston, Jr. (1863-1924), unnamed Page (d. 1893), Edwin Page (d. 1921), Arthur Page (1855-1923), Arthur Ralston Page (1895-1975), Florence Page (d. 1981), and Charles Page Buckingham (d. 2000). To view a photo of W. C. Ralston, Sr., an updated list of William and Elizabeth's children, plus a good photo of the exterior of Elizabeth's shared columbarium vault at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park, see: "William Chapman Ralston" at Findagrave.
- "A Tale of Two Continents; Strange Infatuation of a Widow. Painful Developments Growing Out of the Demand for a Reopening of the Settlement of the Dead Banker Ralston's Estate -- The Mystery of the English 'Lord' and his Bear Explained". New York Times (Dec. 5, 1877, based on an article from the San Francisco Chronicle, Nov. 27, 1877)
- Glen Jeansonne, Women of the Far Right: The Mothers' Movement and World War II, University of Chicago Press, 1997. p.228.
- The 2 sons were named Kyril Feodorovich de Shishmarev (aka Kyrill de Shishmareff, Kyrill DeShishmareff, or Kyrill F. de Shishmareff) (1907 - May 12, 1975) and Misha de Shishmarev - aka Michael Theodore Fry de Shismareff (Shishmareff), or simply as Michael Fry (Jan. 17, 1910 - July 1983) (See: Ancestry.com). Kyril de Shishmarev claimed that his full name was Prince Kyril Feodorovich de Vassilchikov-Shismarev, Comte de Rohan-Chandor. He used this form of his name as a member of The Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem (Knights of Malta). See: "Summary of History - Sosjmalta.org" (see page 5, where Kyril's supposed full name is given). It also states there that Kyril de Shishmarev died in Portugal on May 12, 1975, after suffering mortal injuries during civil upheavals. Kyril held the position of Lieutenant Grand Master in this order from 1971-1975 - see: "Grand Masters of the Order - p. 9 - Sosjmalta.org". Archived from the original on August 13, 2009. Retrieved 2011-04-28. and "Nr. 2060-October 1992 - Sosjmalta.org" (see page 1, right-hand column) and "Green Book" - sosjmalta.org (see page 3) (The Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem - The Hereditary Order - Outlines of History [Second Edition, 1987] by K. Vella Haber, Grand Prior International). This order is a chivalric order which claims to be an authentic, legitimate branch of the original Order of St. John of Jerusalem, but many authorities dispute this claim. For some very good accounts of this dispute see: "Cumbo" and: Self-Styled "Orders of Saint John" by Guy Stair Sainty ("Self-Styled Orders 1 - Chivalric Orders" Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine.). For the website of the order of which Kyril de Shishmarev was a member, see: https://web.archive.org/web/20120320072044/http://www.sosjmalta.org/about.php?level2_ID=10. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2011. Missing or empty
|title=(help). By using the name Kyril Feodorovich de Vassilchikov-Shishmarev, Comte de Rohan-Chandor, clearly Kyril was claiming that he was a lineal descendant of various noble families besides the Shishmarev family, namely the Vassiltchikov family of Russia (see: "Famille Vassiltchikov" (French Wikipedia), the Rohan family of France and Hungary, and the Chandor (actually Sándor de Szlavnicza?) family of Hungary and Austria; see Famille Sándor: "Famille Sándor" (French Wikipedia). As to his connection with nobility in the Chandor family, it appears that Kyril's mother's paternal grandfather was Count Laslo Fülöp Chandor (1815/1817 - October 7, 1894)—see the obituary of Count Laslo Chandor's great-grandson Elbert Haring Chandor (April 12, 1921 - Dec. 22, 2003): "Death notice: Chandor E. Haring - New York Times. Count Laslo Fülöp Chandor was born in Austria, became an inventor and entrepreneur in the U. S. (he was Director of the Mineral Lighting Company), had extensive business interests in Russia (especially in St. Petersburg), and died at St. Giles, London, England. For more documentation on him see: "All Tax, Criminal, Land & Wills results for Chandor" - ancestry.com (scroll down to Lasslo Chandor, John Arthur Chandor, and Lasalo Chandor). To get an overview of Laslo Chandor's activities as an inventor and businessman/entrepreneur, see: "Etienne Lenoir" (Dutch Wikipedia)), "At the Dawn of the Kerosene Era" by Alexander Matviechuk - oilru.com (see subsection titled "Pennsylvanian kerosene in St. Petersburg and Moscow," where Laslo Chandor's name is spelled "Laszlo Sandor") and Chronological Index of Patents Applied For and Patents Granted For the Year 1867 (London, 1868) (see Patent No. 678: George Glover, of Ranelagh Road, Pimlico, in the County of Middlesex, for an invention for "Improvements in lamps for burning naptha and like fluids." (a communication to him from abroad by Laslo Chandor, a person resident at Great Stable Street, St. Petersburg)). As to Kyril's connection with the Rohan family, it is believed that Kyril, possibly, was claiming a lineal connection with [François Marie des Neiges] Emanuel de Rohan-Polduc (1725-1797), who was Sovereign Grand Master of the Knights of Malta from 1775-1797. Michael Fry was the author of two books: (i) Hitler's Wonderland (London: J. Murray, 1934 - xi + 215 pages) (see: Hitler's wonderland, Library of Congress) (ii) Salute the Sun (Glenford, NY: Sun Press, 1980 - 225 pages) (see: Salute the sun, Library of Congress)
- To read an account of Kyril de Shishmarev's memories of his family's life and activities in Russia in the years prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917, see: (1) Guy Richards - The Hunt for the Czar (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1970), Chapter XVI ('The English Baby') (2) William Malpas Clarke - The Lost Fortune of the Tsars (NY: St. Martin's Press, 1st U. S. ed., 1995).
- For details on this voyage and the S. S. Goentoer, see the ship manifest at: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at San Francisco, CA, 1893-1953 (National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm publication M1410). On this ship manifest, Paquita and her sons' names are listed as follows: Pazuite Louis Deschishmareff, Kyriel De Schischmareff, and Miska De Schischmareff. Traveling with the family was a woman named Marie Morin, who is listed as a servant. The S. S. Goentoer left Sourabaya (Soerabaja), Java on July 14, 1917, made stops at several intermediate ports, and arrived in San Francisco on August 31, 1917.
- At the time of this voyage, the S. S. Goentoer was owned and operated by the Rotterdam Lloyd Line. See: The Ships List - Fleets List: Rotterdam Lloyd/Stoomboot Reederij "Rotterdamsche Lloyd". For additional information see:nl:Rotterdamsche Lloyd.
- Susan Sarah Cohen, Antisemitism: an annotated bibliography, Volume 8, Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism, p.444.
- Ross, Steven (2017). Hitler in Los Angeles: How Jews Foiled Nazi Plots Against Hollywood and America. New York: Bloomsbury. p. 232. ISBN 9781620405642.
- Rosenzweig, Laura (2017). Hollywood’s Spies: The Undercover Surveillance of Nazis in Los Angeles. New York: NYU Press. p. 127. ISBN 9781479855179.
- Justine Glinka (Iustinia Dmitrievna Glinka) (July 21, 1836 - 1916) - In numerous records her first name is erroneously given as "Yuliana", and her birth year is erroneously given as 1844. For documentation supporting her birthdate as July 21, 1836 see: https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NZZ3-DXK
- Dmitry Glinka (Dmitry Grigoryevich Glinka) (July 28, 1808 - May 14, 1883)
- Details about Théodore Joseph Schapiro (Schapira, Schapire, Shapira, Shapiro, Szapira, Chapira) (alias Joseph Schorst) can be found in police archives in Paris. See: Archives de la Préfecture de Police (Paris), Dossier Théodore Schapiro (1879-1896), BA926.
- Hadassa Ben-Itto, The lie that wouldn't die: the Protocols of the elders of Zion, Vallentine Mitchell, 2005, p. 200.
- Photo of front side of L. Fry's Politico-Occult-Judaeo-Masonry Chart (1940)
- Politico-Occult-Judaeo-Masonry Chart (1940), by L. Fry (Michigan State University - MSU Libraries - Arsenal Collection - Special Collection: Radicalism)
- Omni Christian Book Club - Item #315: Politico-Occult-Masonry Chart, by L. Fry
- Rev. Denis Fahey, C.S.Sp. (July 3, 1883 - January 21, 1954) - An Irish Roman Catholic priest. He was a member of C.S.Sp. (a Roman Catholic religious order), otherwise known as the Congregation of the Holy Ghost, the Holy Ghost Fathers, or the Spiritans. C.S.Sp. is an acronym for the Latin phrase "Congregatio Sancti Spiritus sub tutela Immaculati Cordis Beatissimae Virginis Mariae" (= Congregation of the Holy Ghost under the protection of the Immaculate Heart of Mary).
-  Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.