|Origin||Los Angeles, California, US|
L7 is an American rock band founded in Los Angeles, California, first active from 1985 to 2001 and re-formed in 2014. Their longest standing lineup consists of Suzi Gardner (guitars, vocals), Donita Sparks (vocals, guitars), Jennifer Finch (bass, vocals) and Dee Plakas (drums, vocals). L7 has released seven studio albums and has toured widely in the US, Europe, Japan, Australia, and South America. "Pretend We're Dead" was heavily played on US alternative radio and entered the top 10 on the Billboard Modern Rock chart in 1992.
Due to their sound and image, L7 is often associated with the grunge movement of the late 1980s and early 1990s. As an all-female band, L7 formed Rock for Choice in 1991 and have, at times, also been linked to riot grrrl, although they preceded and are outliers of both the grunge and riot grrrl movements. The band's name, L7, derives from a slang term for square, and was deliberately chosen as a gender neutral sign. A documentary film about the band, L7: Pretend We're Dead, premiered in 2016.
Formation and early years (1985—1989)
L7 were formed by Donita Sparks and Suzi Gardner in 1985. Both artists were active in the Art punk community of Echo Park and had met in 1984 through mutual contacts at the cultural hub of the LA Weekly. Of their meeting and on hearing Gardner play a tape of her songs in progress, Sparks described it as "one of the happiest days of my life" with a clear synchronicity in the music they were each interested in creating. At the time, Gardner was also active as a poet. A year prior, Gardner had performed backing vocals on the college radio hit "Slip It In" by Black Flag. Gardner and Sparks began performing regularly in Los Angeles at punk and metal venues along with a revolving list of supporting musician in the early years.
The punk rock duo brought Jennifer Finch on board as bass guitarist and Roy Koutsky on drums. Finch, with the strongest Californian roots of the trio, connected the band with an even wider network, including Brett Gurewitz of Epitaph Records where the band recorded their first demo. Their eponymous debut album, described as "intense, energetic" and "fast straightforward punk music" was released by Epitaph Records in 1987. L7 reported challenges in the early years with finding a suitable, stable drummer. Shortly after the release of L7, Koutsky quit the band and was replaced by Anne Anderson. Subsequently, Anderson left at the end of the touring cycle for the L7 record, and Demetra "Dee" Plakas was recruited by the band in late 1989 which completed the band's first stabilized lineup as an all-female band.
Time with Sub Pop (1989—1991)
The band released (“Shove”/“Packin’ a Rod”) in 1989 as the Sub Pop Single of the Month. L7 reportedly spent a short time in Seattle in the early 1990s. L7's next album, Smell the Magic, was released in 1990 on Sub Pop and earned a four star review by Rolling Stone who stated "With Donita Sparks' and Suzi Gardner's twin lockstep guitars racing down the highway to hell, Smell the Magic was one of Sub Pop's finest hours." L7 traveled to England and opened for Nirvana on several dates in 1990.
In August 1991, L7 performed at the International Pop Underground Convention (IPU) held in Olympia, Washington. The IPU was organized around a fiercely independent DIY ethic, with L7 the only band with major label representation, having recently signed with Slash records.
Rock for Choice
In 1991, the band formed Rock for Choice, a pro-choice women's rights group and concert series that raised funds to cover legal expenses due to the prolonged Anti-abortion violence and women's clinic bombings of the 1980s and 1990s. The concept for Rock for Choice, generated by L7 and Sue Cummings, senior editor at the LA Weekly, was loosely modeled on Bob Geldof's Live Aid. L7 performed along with Nirvana, Sister Double Happiness, and Hole at the inaugural event held at the Hollywood Palace on October 25, 1991. Thanks to a conversation between members of L7 and Dave Grohl at an afterparty following the first show, subsequent Rock for Choice posters were designed in a distinctive underground comix style by SoCal artist Jim Evans/TAZ collective.
Rock for Choice founders L7 and Cummings, along with punk rock promoter and Cochella co-founder Rick Van Santen of Goldenvoice, laid the framework for the inaugural concert. The group created kits with information to empower activists to stage a Rock for Choice benefit in their own towns. The New York Times reported that within two years of launching Rock for Choice, there had already been 37 such concerts nationwide.
L7 performed at the September 27, 1992 Rock for Choice benefit concert at the Hollywood Palladium along with Exene Cervenka, the Red Hot Chili Peppers, and Mudhoney. In October 1993, seven bands played a sold out Rock for Choice benefit including the beloved Los Angeles bands X and Firehose, and featuring the headliner Rage Against the Machine. L7 band members took to the stage, each in a guise of a beauty contestant wearing a sash listing a city where anti-abortion violence had erupted: Sparks as "Ms Bakersfield, CA," Plakas as "Ms. Lancaster, PA," Finch as "Ms. Peoria, IL," and Gardner as “Ms. Newport Beach, CA."
Later Rock for Choice concerts included the Foo Fighters, Ween, Pearl Jam, and other prominent bands of the era. L7 returned their focus to their music, reducing their involvement with Rock for Choice, which continued on independently through 2001.
Major label releases with Slash (1991—1997)
Their 1992 third album Bricks Are Heavy, produced by Butch Vig, was featured in Rolling Stone's May 1999 list of 'Essential recordings of the 1990s', and was their most critically and commercially successful release. When Sparks reached out to Yoko Ono to request permission to sample her scream in the opening track "Wargasm," Ono reportedly replied that she had her fingers crossed for the group as it was time for their music to get popular. Their 1992 single "Pretend We're Dead" spent 13 weeks on the US Alternative Songs chart while peaking at the No. 8 position, and it had also peaked at No. 21 on the UK Singles Chart. The singles "Everglade" and "Monster" also made appearances on the UK Singles chart. In their listing of the top 50 grunge songs, Paste magazine included "Pretend We're Dead" as number 21. L7 went on a year long tour to promote Bricks Are Heavy. Variety reported in 1992 that L7 had built a huge underground following all over the world due to repeatedly touring. The popularity of Bricks Are Heavy was also boosted by frequent video play on MTV.
In a July 1993 article for Spin which featured L7 on the magazine's cover, Renée Crist described L7 as "four of the funniest, meanest, strongest, coolest, most pissed-off women I know" and as "wild, rambunctious, spontaneous" with a stage show that "is a wash of buddy love, crowd working, and acrobatics".
L7's fourth album, Hungry for Stink, was released in July 1994. The album peaked at No. 117 on the Billboard 200 chart, their highest position to date. "Andres" was the lead single off the album, which peaked at No. 20 on the US Alternative Songs and No. 34 on the UK Singles charts. The band continued to be regarded as a strong live act and performed on the main stage of the Lollapalooza tour in 1994, which also included The Smashing Pumpkins, the Beastie Boys, George Clinton, Nick Cave, A Tribe Called Quest, and The Breeders. In January 1995, L7 played a set of benefit concerts for Voters for Choice at Constitution Hall along with Neil Young, Lisa Germano, and Pearl Jam. Finch created a "slight fuss" after reportedly playing the final song of one show after removing her shirt.
In 1995, L7 was one of four bands featured in the documentary film Not Bad For a Girl. The film, which focused on several all female bands, was awarded Best Documentary at the New York Underground Film Festival in 1996.
Finch left the band in 1996, during the recording of their fifth album,The Beauty Process: Triple Platinum. Sparks and Greta Brinkman played bass on the album, after which Gail Greenwood – formerly of the band Belly – became the band's full-time bassist. L7 performed at the Bumbershoot festival in Seattle, Washington in 1997.
Independent output and initial disbandment (1997—2001)
In 1998, the pseudo-documentary film L7: The Beauty Process was released, directed by Krist Novoselic. The film contains actual concert footage of L7's trials and travails of being a “punk-like band in a pop-like marketplace.”
L7's sixth studio album, Slap-Happy, was released on the band's own label Wax Tadpole Records in 1999. To promote the record, on July 17, 1999, L7 had a plane fly over the crowd at the Lilith Fair at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, with a banner that read, "Bored? Tired? Try L7." The following day, an airplane towed a banner over the crowd at the Warped Tour at the Stone Pony lot in Asbury Park, New Jersey. The banner read "Warped needs more beaver...love, L7." Greenwood later left the band and was replaced by Janis Tanaka, formerly of the San Francisco band, Stone Fox.
Record sales continued to wane during the late 1990s, and the band grew increasingly low on funds. However, the band's live performances consistently garnered praise, including a September 1999 review by rock critic Greg Kot in the Chicago Tribune that stated "Gardner and Sparks favor low-end guitar chug, a sound that suggests the idling engine of a Harley-Davidson more than the high-end squeal of most lead guitarists. They intersect with bassist Janis Tanaka to create a thick, sludgy bottom that rumbles the floorboards and shoots right through the sternums of innocent passersby. Their secret weapon remains drummer Dee Plakas."
By 2001, L7 were no longer touring. The band listed the following statement on their website, "L7 are on an indefinite hiatus. We know that's vague, but that's just the way it is. The future of the band is a bit up in the air at the moment." L7 appeared to be defunct for all practical purposes. From 2007 - 2012, Sparks pursued another project, along with Plakas on drums, in their band Donita Sparks and The Stellar Moments. Finch formed several projects including OtherStarPeople and her punk rock group The Shocker. Tanaka played bass for Pink and Greenwood played with Bif Naked and later, the reformed Belly.
In 2012, Sparks started a Facebook page for the band, posting videos and archival images of L7, where their fan base quickly began to regroup.
On December 10, 2014, L7 announced, on their official Facebook page, that they were reuniting, featuring Donita Sparks, Suzi Gardner, Jennifer Finch and Demetra Plakas. As part of the reunion, the band revamped their website and included a mailing list for fans.
The reunited band kicked off a European tour at Rock am Ring in Germany on June 6, 2015 with shows in the Czech Republic, Austria, UK, France, and Spain. This was followed by North American dates in New York, Toronto, and at Riot Fest in both Denver  and Chicago, and the Fun, Fun, Fun Festival in Austin, Texas. Exclaim! reviewed their Toronto show and stated that "Their subversive sense of humour and brash confidence provides feminism with some much-needed comic relief and audacity, and on this night, as 50-somethings in a 30-year-old band, they looked, acted and sounded every bit as brazen as they did 25 years back."
On February 15, 2016, L7's original drummer Koutsky passed away at the age of 53. Later in 2016, the documentary film L7: Pretend We're Dead, directed by Sarah Price, premiered in Los Angeles. The film, largely funded through Kickstarter, features original footage and interviews with the band members and eyewitness accounts of their development from Lydia Lunch, Shirley Manson, Krist Novoselic and Butch Vig. The film was nominated for a VO5 NME Award for Best Music Film.
In 2016 L7 played a series of shows in the US, South Africa, the UK, and Australia. Chris Lane of Houston Press described the synergy of Sparks and Gardner's guitar playing and the strength of the band's live show stating "Their percussive styles seemed to be locked together, producing a glorious, unified wall of sound. Bass player Jennifer Finch bounced about the stage while propelling each song forward, and drummer Dee Plakas proved that she should be a lot more famous as a rock drummer with every fill."
January 13, 2017, L7 released Detroit (Live) on record label Easy Action. The live album was originally recorded at a concert in the Motor city on September 1, 1990 and coincided with the group's initial release of Smell the Magic on Sub Pop records. Their performance at the established punk venue Clutch Cargo's in Detroit expressed the raw, kinetic energy of the era. L7 released Fast and Frightening (a collections of rarities, covers, and live performances) as a double album in 2016 with music critic Robert Christgau granting it an A minus in a 2018 review.
On September 29, 2017, L7 released its first new song in 18 years, "Dispatch from Mar-a-Lago". The title is a reference to the Mar-a-Lago resort owned by Donald J. Trump. A follow up single, "I Came Back to Bitch", was released in February 2018.
L7 continued to tour heavily in the US, Canada, and Europe in 2018. April 2018 saw the band announce their plans to record a seventh studio album via PledgeMusic, scheduled for release in 2019. The band went on tour shortly afterward. Including dates with Le Butcherettes as openers.
L7 released the first single from their first album in 20 years, "Burn Baby", on February 28, 2019. The full album, Scatter the Rats, was released on May 3, 2019, through Joan Jett's record label Blackheart Records. The album received generally favorable reviews. Hyperallergic referred to the band's legacy as "feminist punks, metal snarlers, (and) grunge comedians" and stated of their return album that Sparks and Gardner "pound out one solid, catchy, immediately identifiable power riff after another, more punk-minimalist than in their molten grunge period".
Their songs have been featured on the soundtracks of numerous films, including Natural Born Killers, Point of No Return, and Pet Sematary Two. "Shove" appears on the soundtrack of the movie Tank Girl and "Pretend We're Dead" appears on the soundtrack of the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, and can be heard on an in-game radio station, and on the music video game Rock Band 2. "Andres" is available as downloadable content for the Rock Band 4.
L7 appeared on TV shows such as Late Night with David Letterman, The Jon Stewart Show, The Word, 120 Minutes, and Alternative Nation. The band played at the Reading Festival in 1992, Glastonbury Festival in 1994, Lollapalloza in 1994, Finsbury Park in 1997, and on the Warped Tour in 1995 and 1999. They toured with and opened for artists including Bad Religion in 1988, GWAR in 1989, Nirvana and Alice in Chains in 1990, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Faith No More, Rollins Band and Beastie Boys in 1992, Pearl Jam in 1994, Marilyn Manson and The Offspring in 1997, and Ministry in 1999.
The band, with Finch returning on bass, appeared in the 1999 cult video Decoupage: Return of the Goddess, performing the Sonny and Cher song "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)" with actress Karen Black, and being interviewed individually by Decoupage hostess Summer Caprice.
The video for "Pretend We're Dead" was featured on an episode of Beavis and Butthead. In a later episode, while discussing who would win in a battle between Tiffany, Wilson Phillips, and Debbie Gibson, the characters state their belief that "one chick from L7 could kick all their asses combined".
Throughout the mid-2000s, the band's song "Shitlist" was used as the entrance music of professional wrestler Jon Moxley, who would later become widely known under the name Dean Ambrose upon joining WWE in 2011. The song was also used in ECW by Brian Pillman (under his loose cannon gimmick) in 1996, until his departure the following year.
During their performance at the 1992 Reading Festival, the band experienced "technical difficulties with their audio equipment" and were forced to stall their set. The rowdy crowd grew restless and began throwing mud onto the stage, repeatedly pelting the band. In protest, lead vocalist Donita Sparks removed her tampon on-stage and threw it into the crowd yelling "Eat my used tampon, fuckers!" Sparks has remained unapologetic about the incident, and the tampon has been referred to as one of the "most unsanitary pieces of rock memorabilia in history."
Later in 1992, Sparks caused controversy in the United Kingdom when she dropped her jeans and underwear on live television, appearing nude from the waist down, during an L7 performance on the late night UK programme The Word. Of the incident, Sparks later commented that the Word show L7 appeared on had a number of chaotic aspects already underway including "a men’s bum contest" and a "hidden camera in Oliver Reed’s dressing room, showing him intoxicated with his shirt off, which was really fucked up. So I added my contribution to this craziness."
In 2000, the band raffled a one-night stand with Demetra Plakas at a London gig. The winner got to spend the night on the tour bus. Rolling Stone reported that Plakas and her bandmates decided “We’re not being hypocritical about rock & roll anymore. Rock & roll is prostitution.”
Musical style, influences, and legacy
L7's sound has been described as "unique and unforgiving, mixing a punk rock attitude with heavy sludge metal." A 2019 article on L7 in Alternative Press stated that "In the early-’90s underground, L7 were positively bulletproof and larger than life. Not as come-hither nymphs or saucy rock star minxes bestowed with privilege but as a hard-rocking unit" that could not be messed with.
Aesthetically, their style was subversive with a long-standing resistance to the expectation to be eye-candy. L7 called themselves "slob girls" with ratty hair and clothes and bassist Jennifer Finch frequently performed barefoot onstage. Sparks summarized “If we were gonna be looked at, we were gonna be thrashin."
A reviewer in 1995 stated that "L7 plays slow-riffing hard rock, fast punk rock and bluesy, catchy midtempo songs: generic forms upgraded by smart lyrics and pure irreverence on stage."
The Prodigy covered the Hungry for Stink track "Fuel My Fire" on their 1997 album The Fat of the Land. In 2015, Spin listed Bricks Are Heavy as number 249 on their list of the top 300 Best Albums of the Past 30 Years (1985 - 2014). Decibel ranked the songs from L7's Bricks Are Heavy as part of their Hall of Fame Countdown in 2016. In 2017, Metal Injection ranked L7 at number 7 on their list of "10 Heaviest Grunge Bands".
The band was listed by Kerrang! in 2019 as one of "Ten Bands No One Expected to be So Influential Today." The group was described as "one of rock’s most volatile and respected acts. Predictable on paper, anything but on stage".
- Suzi Gardner – guitars, vocals (1985–2001, 2014–present)
- Donita Sparks – guitars, vocals (1985–2001, 2014–present)
- Jennifer Finch – bass, vocals (1985–1996, 2014–present)
- Demetra Plakas – drums, vocals (1989–2001, 2014–present)
- Janis Tanaka – bass (1999–2001)
- Gail Greenwood – bass, vocals (1997–1999)
- Greta Brinkman – bass (1996–1997)
- Anne Anderson – drums (1988–1989)
- Roy Koutsky – drums (1986–1988); died 2016
- L7 (1988)
- Smell the Magic (1990)
- Bricks Are Heavy (1992)
- Hungry for Stink (1994)
- The Beauty Process: Triple Platinum (1997)
- Slap-Happy (1999)
- Scatter the Rats (2019)
- "Women Who Rock: Greatest Breakthrough Moments: 1992 Punk rockers L7 break ultimate rock taboo". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Prato, Greg. "L7 - biography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Farnell, Shauna (June 15, 2015). "Nostalgia Is Heavy: L7 on Hitting the Stage for the First Time in 18 Years". Spin. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Basedow, Neph (November 17, 2011). "14 Notable Female Rock Drummers". Houston Press. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. p. 589. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
- Bullion, Noelle (August 8, 2016). "The Story of Feminist Punk in 33 Songs". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Jackson, Nicholas (March 1, 2008). "The Greatest Female Guitarists of All Time, A–G Issue No. 35 Venus Magazine March 1, 2008". Venuszine.com. Archived from the original on August 13, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Dickinson, Christie (August 3, 2016). "L7 is, better late than never, getting respect". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- Gaar, Gillian G. (2002). She's A Rebel: the History of Women in Rock and Roll (Second ed.). New York: Seal Press. pp. 363, 365, 382, 388, 392–394, 396. ISBN 9781580050784.
- Reilly, Phoebe (March 7, 2012). "An Oral History of L7's 'Pretend We're Dead'". Spin. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- Blistein, Jon (August 16, 2017). "L7 Detail 'Pretend We're Dead' Documentary Release". Rolling Stone.
- Briony Edwards. "6 things we learned from new documentary L7: Pretend We're Dead". Loudersound.com. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Grant, Sarah (November 21, 2017). "L7: To Hell and Back". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- Ochs, Meredith (2018). Rock and Roll Woman: The 50 Fiercest Female Rockers. New York: Sterling Publishing Co. pp. 134–137. ISBN 9781454930624.
- "Kerrang Magazine". 17theband.tumblr.com.
- "L7's Brief Drummer". 17theband.tumblr.com. 1990. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Halbersberg, Elianne (1990). "L7 Ain't No Bad Place to Be". Kerrang!.
- Schroer, Brendan (June 16, 2015). "Review L7: L7". Sputnik Music. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
- Powell, Alison (April 1992). "Fast and Frightening". Spin: 65 – via Google Books.
- Wong, Joe (September 30, 2015). "Dee Plakas L7". The Trap Set. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- Segal, Dave (September 22, 2017). "L7: Pretend We're Dead Captures the Female Grunge Pioneers in All Their Raunchy Glory". The Stranger. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Maurer, Daniel (August 15, 2017). "Hungry For Stink? Sorry, L7: Pretend We're Dead Is No Stinker". Bedford + Bowery. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 500. ISBN 9780743201698.
- Winegarner, Beth (April 8, 1997). "You Say It's Your Birthday: L7's Donita Sparks". MTV News. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Amorosi, A. D. (May 6, 2019). "L7's Donita Sparks on Old Punks, New Music, and Continuing Harassment". Flood Magazine. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
- Powers, Ann (February 14, 1993). "Pop Music: No Longer Rock's Playthings". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Cromelin, Richard (October 28, 1991). "Pop Music Reviews: A Potent 'Rock for Choice' at Palace". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Grushkin, Paul; King, Dennis (2004). Art of Modern Rock: The Poster Explosion. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books. p. 44. ISBN 978-0811845298.
- Appleford, Steve (January 11, 2019). "Must Reads: As Coachella turns 20, its press-shy co-founder gets candid about sexual harassment and why Kanye dropped out". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Gold, Johnathan (September 29, 1992). "Pop Music Review: Bands Get Together for Rock for Choice". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Hilburn, Robert (October 16, 1993). "A Night Filled With Sounds of Their Rage: Upstart quartet headlines Rock for Choice benefit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "News: Clinic Defense". Spin: 26. January 1994 – via Google Books.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Bricks Are Heavy: Review". AllMusic. Retrieved July 11, 2005.
- "L7 Andres Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- "pretend-we're-dead - full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- Danaher, Michael (August 4, 2014). "The 50 Best Grunge Songs". Paste Magazine. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
- Carmen, Jon (May 29, 1992). "Music Reviews L7; Ethyl Meatplow". Variety. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Crist, Renée (July 1993). "The Magnificent 7". Spin. 9: 32–35, 90. Retrieved September 6, 2019 – via Google Books.
- Pareles, Jon (July 9, 1994). "Pop Review: Lollapalooza '94 Opens in Las Vegas". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Hilburn, Robert (January 16, 1995). "Pearl Jam's Contract With America". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Considine, J.D. (March 9, 1995). "Voters For Choice Benefit: Pearl Jam, Neil Young, L7 and Lisa Germano". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Strauss, Neil (April 1995). "Live Music: Pearl Jam / Neil Young & Crazy Horse / L7 Constitution Hall, Washington DC, January 15, 1995". Spin: 204.
- Harrington, Richard (September 15, 2000). "Facing the Music". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Pareles, Jon (January 16, 1995). "Pop Review: Angst With Purpose From Pearl Jam". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- "The Chicago International Film Festival Week 2: Simon Says". Chicago Reader. October 15, 1995. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
- Holden, Stephen (November 22, 1996). "They Love to Rock as Hard as Men Do". New York Times. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
- "News - Entertainment, Music, Movies, Celebrity". Mtv.com. Archived from the original on August 10, 2009.
- Barlow, Eve (November 15, 2016). "New Documentary L7: Pretend We're Dead Restores the Legacy of One of L.A.'s Best Bands". LA Weekly. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- "L7 Are Sum Tuff Bitches". Nyrock.com. May 22, 1997. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- "L7: The Beauty Process (1998)". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Presti, Anthony (August 25, 2018). "L7 Brings the Stink Back to San Francisco". SF Station. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "L7 News - Yahoo! Music". Archive.is. July 14, 2012. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012.
- Vanhorn, Teri (July 31, 1999). "L7 to Get Slap-happy on the Road". MTV News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Kot, Greg (September 6, 1999). "L7 Raises the Heat". Chicago Tribune. p. 44. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- "INTERVIEW: The Shocker: Ex. L7/OtherStarPeople bassist Jennifer Finch's new band". Inmusicwetrust.com. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- "L7 Official - ATTENTION! A personal message from the band:..." Facebook.com. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- "L7 Official Website". L7theband.com. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- "ATTENTION: YOU DID IT!!! - L7 Official Website -". L7 Official Website. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
- "L7 expand reunion tour, playing NYC". Brooklyn Vegan. May 5, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Lindsay, Cam (September 7, 2015). "L7". Exclaim!. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- "L7 at RIOT FEST DENVER! 2015 - L7 Official Website -". L7 Official Website. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
- "L7 at RIOT FEST CHICAGO! 2015 - L7 Official Website -". L7 Official Website. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
- "L7 at FUN FUN FUN FESTIVAL AUSTIN! 2015 - L7 Official Website -". L7 Official Website. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
- "Roy Koutsky Obituary". Chicago Tribune. February 15, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "L7: Pretend We're Dead by Blue Hats Creative, Inc". Kickstarter.com. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- "L7: Pretend We're Dead (2016)". IMDb. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- November 2017, Briony Edwards 08. "6 things we learned from new documentary L7: Pretend We're Dead". loudersound. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
- Grant, Sarah (February 9, 2018). "L7 Announce Tour, Slam 'Capitalist Motherf--kers' on 'I Came Back To Bitch'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "L7's Concert History". Concert Archives. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Lane, Chris (July 18, 2016). "L7 Proves They're Far More Than Just a Nostagia Act". Houston Press. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- Christgau, Robert (November 23, 2018). "Robert Christgau on L7's Feedback-Drenched, Feminist Aggro". Vice. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Liz Cantrell (September 29, 2017). "L7-"Dispatch From Mar-a-Lago"". Spin.com. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
- Lustig, Jay (April 16, 2018). "L7 at White Eagle Hall, Jersey City". Institute for Nonprofit News. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
- Grant, Sarah (April 9, 2018). "L7 Announce First Album in 20 Years, World Tour Dates". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
- Nast, Condé. "L7 Detail First New Album in 20 Years, Share Video for New Song "Burn Baby": Watch". Pitchfork. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "SCATTER THE RATS by L7". Metacritic. May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Fagan, Lucas (May 26, 2019). "Rock Without the Posturing". Hyperallergic. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- J.D. Considine (October 14, 1994). "Deep in Waters, L7 is far from square". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore Sun Media Group. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020.
- Deming, Mark. "Serial Mom (1994)". AllMovie. RhythmOne. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012.
- Harber, Stephen (August 28, 2019). "Why Pet Sematary 2 Is an Underrated Stephen King Movie". Den of Geek. Den of Geek World. Archived from the original on November 28, 2020.
- O'Neal, Sean (October 5, 2016). "The Natural Born Killers soundtrack was a more sophisticated splatterfest". The A.V. Club. G/O Media. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017.
- Sankey, Elizabeth (April 22, 2015). "Mapping the Music and Style of 'Tank Girl'". Vice. Vice Media. Archived from the original on February 4, 2021.
- Christopher Andrew Armstrong (May 3, 2019). "Q&A - Donita Sparks". Flaunt. Flaunt, Inc. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019.
- Leas, Ryan (August 1, 2018). "30 Essential Grunge Songs". Stereogum. Archived from the original on February 7, 2021.
- Snow, Jean (July 14, 2008). "The Complete Rock Band 2 Track List". Wired. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on June 20, 2014.
- Goldstein, Hilary (July 14, 2008). "E3 2008: Rock Band 2 Complete Track List Revealed". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- Knoop, Joseph (February 12, 2016). "The Gigantic List Of All Rock Band 4's Available DLC Tracks". Game Informer. GameStop. Archived from the original on February 15, 2016.
- Dean, Mark (September 20, 2017). "Spill Feature: L7, 25 Years of Tiny Little Goals". The Spill Magazine.
- "DecoupageTomorrow". Decoupagetv.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "Beavis and Butthead quotes". TV Quotes. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Sheffield, Rob (January 1994). "Platter du Jour: Beavis and Butt-head". Spin: 73 – via Google Books.
- Mark Yarm (March 2012). Everybody Loves Our Town: An Oral History of Grunge. Three Rivers Press. p. 369. ISBN 9780307464446.
- "L7 Throws Tampon". August 28, 1992. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Brewer, Mary F. (January 1, 2002). Exclusions in Feminist Thought: Challenging the Boundaries of Womanhood. Sussex Academic Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-902210-63-6. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- Tehabsim, Anna (March 18, 2015). "Turning Points: L7's Donita Sparks". Crack Magazine. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- "25 jaw-dropping rock facts". NME. October 8, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Simpson, Dave (April 12, 2000). "Bad grrls live forever". The Guardian. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Sprague, David (December 29, 2000). "The Year in Weird: Santana's shoes, Ziggy's hemp bars and more weirdness from 2000". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Pettigrew, Jason (June 12, 2019). "L7 Still Kick Ass and Have Good Table Manners 20 Years Later". Alternative Press. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Pattison, Louis (2008). "The Prodigy: Fat Of The Land Review". BBC. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
- Weisbard, Eric (2017). "Review: Prodigy – Fat of the Land". Spin. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- "The 300 Best Albums of the Past 30 Years (1985-2014)". Spin. May 11, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Solis, Matt (June 9, 2016). "Hall of Fame Countdown: L7's Bricks Are Heavy". Decibel. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- "10 Heaviest Grunge Bands". Metal Injection. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Krovatin and Alex Brown, Chris (June 2, 2019). "10 Bands No One Expected to be So Influential Today". Kerrang!. Retrieved October 10, 2019.