Lakas ng Bayan

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Lakas ng Bayan (English: People's Power) was a political party in the Philippines formed by Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. for the 1978 Interim Batasang Pambansa regional elections. The party had 21 candidates for the Metro Manila area, all of whom lost including Ninoy. The party's acronym, "LABAN", is a Filipino word meaning "fight".

After Aquino's exile to the United States, the party was managed by the brother of Aquino's wife, Jose "Peping" Cojuangco, Jr.

By 1984, the party had formed a coalition with the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino of Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., himself a LABAN party member. By 1986, the two parties were completely merged to form the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan party or PDP-LABAN.

The name "Lakas ng Bayan" would eventually be reused in the 1987 Philippine legislative elections, as the name of a coalition led by the United Nationalist Democratic Organization party of President Corazon C. Aquino and Vice President Salvador H. Laurel.[citation needed].

Noise barrage[edit]

On April 6, 1978, supporters of the party came out in protest by asking bystanders and cars to make noise in support of the opposition. However, on April 7, 1978, the first national election under martial law held for the 165- members to the Interim Batasang Pambansa resulted in the massive victory of the administration coalition party, the “Kilusang Bagong Lipunan ng Nagkakaisang Nacionalista, Liberal, at iba pa” or KBL. Only 15 opposition candidates in other parts of the country won. None of the members of LABAN were elected[citation needed]. The opposition denounced the massive vote buying and cheating in that elections. On June 12, 1978, the Interim Batasang Pambansa was convened with Marcos as President-Prime Minister and Querube Makalintal as Speaker[citation needed].

Some of the Opposition members ended up in exile or were driven underground fighting against the Marcos dictatorship. Alex Boncayao became a member of the Communist Party of the Philippines and the New People's Army, of whom, after his death, a group carrying his name (the Alex Boncayao Brigade) became one of those trying to destabilize the government using urban guerrilla warfare tactics against both the Marcos and the Aquino regimes.[1]

Electoral performance[edit]

As LABAN was a coalition, the results below are combined totals of the parties under LABAN.

Election Number of votes for LABAN Share of votes Seats won Outcome of election
1978 parliamentary 21,541,600 10.4% 0 Lost
1984 parliamentary 58 Lost
1987 House of Representatives 11,661,047 58.1% 102 Won
1987 Senate 243,431,395 64.9% 22 Won

Candidates - 1978 Interim Batasang Pambansa[edit]

Region IV-A (Metro Manila)
Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.
Jerry Barican
Alex Boncayao
Feli Cabigao
Atty. Juan T. David
Jaime "Jimmy" Ferrer
Neptali "Nep" A. Gonzales
Teofisto "Tito" T. Guingona, Jr.
Trinidad "Trining" Herrera
Priming de Leon
Chito Lucero
Ernesto "Ernie" M. Maceda
Tony Martinez
Ramon "Monching" V. Mitra, Jr.
Aquilino "Nene" Q. Pimentel, Jr.
Charito Planas
Napoleon "Nap" Rama
Alejandro "Anding" R. Roces
Francisco "Soc" A. Rodrigo
Ernesto Rondon
Emmanuel "Noli" Santos

References[edit]