LAMP3

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LAMP3
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesLAMP3, CD208, DC LAMP, DC-LAMP, DCLAMP, LAMP, LAMP-3, TSC403, lysosomal-associated membrane protein 3, lysosomal associated membrane protein 3
External IDsMGI: 2441659 HomoloGene: 8670 GeneCards: LAMP3
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 3 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 3 (human)[1]
Chromosome 3 (human)
Genomic location for LAMP3
Genomic location for LAMP3
Band3q27.1Start183,122,213 bp[1]
End183,163,839 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE LAMP3 205569 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_014398

NM_177356

RefSeq (protein)

NP_055213

NP_796330

Location (UCSC)Chr 3: 183.12 – 183.16 MbChr 16: 19.65 – 19.71 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 3 (LAMP3, Lamp3) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LAMP3 gene.[5][6] It is one of the lysosome-associated membrane glycoproteins.

LAMP3 also known as DC-LAMP (Dendritic cell lysosomal associated membrane glycoprotein) is a member of the LAMP family along with LAMP1 and LAMP2, these proteins make up the members of the glycoconjugate coat present on the inside of the lysosomal membrane.[7] In humans, this protein is almost exclusively found in mature Dendritic cells. While LAMP3 can be observed on the surface of dendritic cells, the protein is mainly found within lysosomes. LAMP3 first appears in the MHC Class II compartment and in cells aids in the identifying and processing of an antigen during an immune response.[8][9] LAMP3 protein is linked with the maturation of dendritic cells, and as a marker for transformed type II pneumocytes or alveolar cells.[10]

Studies have linked LAMP3 with the inhibition of the viral replication of Influenza A cells.[11]

Structure and Tissue Distribution[edit]

LAMP3 is a Type I integral membrane protein consisting of about 416 amino acid residues with about 90% of the protein located within the lumen of the lysosomes.[9] LAMP3 has been shown to be highly expressed in dendritic cells during cell differentiation and maturation.[7] During human fetal development, between weeks 10 and 20, LAMP3 is highly expressed in the lungs, while in normal adult tissue cells LAMP3 is expressed in the lungs, appendix, testis and lymph nodes.[12]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000078081 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000041247 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  5. ^ Ozaki K, Nagata M, Suzuki M, Fujiwara T, Ueda K, Miyoshi Y, Takahashi E, Nakamura Y (Sep 1998). "Isolation and characterization of a novel human lung-specific gene homologous to lysosomal membrane glycoproteins 1 and 2: significantly increased expression in cancers of various tissues". Cancer Res. 58 (16): 3499–503. PMID 9721848. 
  6. ^ "Entrez Gene: LAMP3 lysosomal-associated membrane protein 3". 
  7. ^ a b Malaguarnera L, Marsullo A, Zorena K, Musumeci G, Di Rosa M (2017). "Vitamin D3 regulates LAMP3 expression in monocyte derived dendritic cells". Cell Immunol. 311: 13–21. doi:10.1016/j.cellimm.2016.09.013. PMID 27697285. 
  8. ^ "ThermoFisher". 
  9. ^ a b "CD208 (DC-LAMP)". BeckmanCoulter. 
  10. ^ Salaun B, de Saint-Vis B, Pacheco N, Pacheco Y, Riesler A, Isaac S, Leroux C, Clair-Moninot V, Pin JJ, Griffith J, Treilleux I, Goddard S, Davoust J, Kleijmeer M, Lebecque S (2004). "CD208/dendritic cell-lysosomal associated membrane protein is a marker of normal and transformed type II pneumocytes,". Am J Pathol. 164: 861–71. doi:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)63174-4. PMC 1613301Freely accessible. PMID 14982840. 
  11. ^ Zhou Z, Xue Q, Wan Y, Yang Y, Wang J, Hung T (2011). "Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 3 is involved in influenza A virus replication in human lung epithelial (A549) cells". Virology Journal. 8: 384. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-8-384. 
  12. ^ "LAMP3 lysosomal associated membrane protein 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]". 

Further reading[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.