LB&SCR C class

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LB&SCR C class
LB&SCR C class.jpg
C class No.96 in 1882
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer William Stroudley
Builder LBSCR Brighton Works and Kitson & Co.
Build date 1871–1874
 • Whyte 0-6-0
 • UIC Cn
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia. 5 ft 0 in (1.524 m)
Wheelbase 15 ft 3 in (4.65 m)
Length 48 ft 7 in (14.81 m)
Total weight 63.1 long tons (64.1 t; 70.7 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 6.5 long tons (6.6 t; 7.3 short tons)
Water cap 2,520 imp gal (11,500 l; 3,030 US gal)
 • Firegrate area
20.9 sq ft (1.94 m2)
Boiler pressure 140 psi (9.65 bar; 0.97 MPa)
Heating surface:
 • Tubes
1,312 sq ft (121.9 m2)
 • Firebox 101 sq ft (9.4 m2)
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 18 14 in × 26 in (464 mm × 660 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 18,400 lbf (81.85 kN)
Withdrawn 1901–1904
Disposition All scrapped

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) C class was a type of 0-6-0 freight steam locomotive designed by William Stroudley.


Four 0-6-0 locomotives were on order from Brighton works at the time that William Stroudley took over from John Chester Craven as Locomotive Superintendent in 1870. He cancelled this order and replaced it with another for two locomotives of his own design, Nos. 83 and 84 which appeared in December 1871. Eighteen further locomotives were constructed between March 1873 and November 1874, Nos. 77-82 by Brighton works and the remainder by Messrs. Kitson & Co.[1][page needed]


The class were powerful locomotives for their time and the design was "an archetype for heavy goods engines in Scotland as well as Southern England,"[2] but in other respects were Stroudley's least successful design, suffering from poor steaming. Within a decade of their introduction the class was being replaced by his C1 class 0-6-0 design of 1882–87, on the heaviest trains. Nevertheless they proved to be reliable locomotives and survived for nearly thirty years on secondary freight duties. Members of the class were withdrawn between 1901 and 1904.

Locomotive summary[edit]