LCVP (United Kingdom)
The Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel (LCVP) is a versatile amphibious landing craft designed to transport troops or armoured vehicles from ship to shore during amphibious landings. The designation was first used in British service for the LCVP Mk2s introduced with the two Fearless class amphibious transport docks, the role having previously been carried out by the Landing Craft Assault developed during the Second World War. They are manned and operated by 1 Assault Group Royal Marines.
The LCVP Mk2 was built by the Dorset Yacht Company at Poole during the 1960s. The craft was powered by two Foden diesel engines and could carry 35 fully equipped Royal Marines Commandos or two Land Rovers. Foxtrot 7, one of four carried by HMS Fearless (L10), rescued 41 crew members from the burning HMS Antelope (F170) on 24 May 1982 during the Falklands War. It is preserved ashore at the Royal Marines Museum, Portsmouth. Foxtrot 8 is located in Boathouse 4 of the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard who have just been awarded funding (Nov 2015) to restore her back to sea-going condition. Tango 5, one of HMS Intrepid's (L11) LCVPs is currently the "Gate Guardian" at RM Chivenor.
The LCVP Mk2 is no longer in service.
The LCVP Mk4 came into service in 1986 replacing the older LCVP Mk2. Throughout their service they were mostly used in independent Royal Marine amphibious formations. They had a draught of 75 cm at the stern and were powered by twin Perkins 6 cylinder turbo diesel engines Four were used by the British Army's Royal Logistics Corps.
As of 2012, the LCVP Mk4 has been withdrawn from service.
The LCVP Mk5 was built by Vosper Thornycroft and FBM Babcock Marine, with the first entering service in 1996. They represent a significant improvement in capability over the preceding Mk4s. Four of the vessels can transport a full Royal Marine company (around 140 troops). Presently, the Mk5s operate from the amphibious warfare ships HMS Ocean (L12), HMS Albion (L14) and HMS Bulwark (L15).
- Weight (full): 24,000 kg (24 tonnes)
- Length: 15.7 m (51 ft 6 in)
- Width : 4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)
- Speed (full): 25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph)
- Endurance: In excess of 210 nautical miles (390 km)
- Troops: 38 Royal Marines (3 crew, 35 fully equipped troops)
- Cost: £1,000,000
- Royal Marines - Landing Craft, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- Memorials and Monuments in the Boathouse 4 (Landing Craft), memorials.inportsmouth.co.uk
- The Royal Navy Handbook, p. 108
- LCVP Mk4, safetyboatservices.co.uk
- "The Military Balance 2012", International Institute for Strategic Studies, pp. 170-171
- Albion Class Landing Platform Dock LPD (R), United Kingdom
- The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems p855
- Royal Marines website
- The Royal Navy Handbook (2003), Conway Maritime Press.
- Jim Dorschner (27 May 2009). "Special Delivery". Jane's Defence Weekly. 46 (21): 28.
- Bush, Steve (2014). British Warships and Auxiliaries. Maritime Books. p. 35–39. ISBN 1904459552.
- LCVP (Landing Craft Vehicle/Personnel), eliteukforces.info, Retrieved 15 June 2014