LGBT historic places in the United States

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The following is a list of LGBT historic places in the United States. It includes sites that are recognized at the federal, state, county, or municipal level as important to the history of the LGBT civil rights movement. They represent the achievements and struggles of the community and provide context to understand these events and people. The National Park Service is amid an effort to chronicle LGBT sites across the nation, and have identified almost 400 of interest.[1]

Historic sites[edit]

Name Image City State Designation Level of designation Date first designated Description Ref
Alice Austen House aka Clear Comfort Alice Austen House 06.JPG Staten Island New York NRHP
NHL
NYCL
Federal August 2, 1967 Birthplace of photographer Alice Austen (1866-1952) and later of her partner Gertrude Tate [2]
Carrington House Cherry Grove New York NRHP Federal January 8, 2014 Oldest house in the gay town of Cherry Grove; where Truman Capote wrote Breakfast at Tiffany's [1]
The Castro Camera and the Harvey Milk Residence San Francisco California SFDL Local July 2, 2000 Home and studio of Harvey Milk, the first openly gay person to win an election. Lenient sentencing following his assassination in 1978 led to the White Night riots. [1]
Charlton–King–Vandam Historic District 35 & 37 Charlton Street.jpg New York City New York NRHP
HD
NYCL
Federal August 16, 1966 The John V. Gridley House, 37 Charlton Street, was Marianne Moore’s childhood home [3]
Cherry Grove Community House and Theatre Cherry Grove New York NRHP Federal June 4, 2013 Oldest continually-operating gay summer theater [1]
Cinema Follies - Washington District of Columbia HABS Federal - 37 L St. SE, Washington, DC, was the Cinema Follies, adult film theater for gay men [4]
The Clubhouse - Washington District of Columbia HABS Federal - 1296 Upshur St. NW, Washington, DC, was the Clubhouse of the Metropolitan Capitolites, a social club for African American LGBTQ Washingtonians [5]
Earl Hall at Columbia University Earl Hall Columbia University NYC.jpg New York City New York NRHP Federal March 14, 2018 The Student Homophile League was the first gay student organization in the US, founded at Columbia University in 1966. [6]
Edificio Comunidad de Orgullo Gay de Puerto Rico Edificio Comunidad de Orgullo Gay de Puerto Rico - San Juan Puerto Rico.jpg Pueblo Puerto Rico NRHP Federal May 2, 2016 Founded in 1974, also known as "Casa Orgulllo", meeting place for the first LGBT organization in Puerto Rico [7]
Elks Athletic Club Elks Athletic Club in Louisville.jpg Louisville Kentucky NRHP Federal July 16, 1979 The Beaux Arts Cocktail Lounge was a club for gay men from 1947 to 1955 [8]
Federal Building 2017 50 United Nations Plaza Federal Office Building.jpg San Francisco California HD Federal June 5, 2017 In 1985 a protest took place at this location with AIDS activists chaining themselves to the door of the building, asking for an increase in funding for AIDS-related research, social services, and medical care [9]
The Furies Collective THE FURIES COLLECTIVE, WASHINGTON D.C. SE.jpg Washington District of Columbia NRHP Federal February 5, 2016 House of the Furies Collective, a lesbian feminist separatist collective active from 1971 to 1973 [10]
Henry Gerber House Gerber, Henry House 2.JPG Chicago Illinois CL
NRHP
NHL
Local June 6, 2001 Apartment of Henry Gerber, who founded the first gay rights organization. [1]
Barbara Gittings Way - Philadelphia Pennsylvania - - October 1, 2012 A section of Locust Street, Philadelphia, is named "Barbara Gittings Way" in Gittings' memoir. Gittings' house was at 236 S 21st Street. [11]
Great Wall of Los Angeles - Los Angeles California NRHP Federal September 18, 2017 Represented themes are also gay and lesbian rights [12]
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden Camden New Jersey NJRHP Local 1995 Burial Place of Walt Whitman [13]
Hull House The Hull House, Chicago (front).tif Chicago Illinois NRHP
NHL
CL
Federal June 23, 1965 Settlement house co-founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr [14]
Julius' Bar Julius-bar.jpg New York City New York NRHP Federal April 20, 2016 Julius’ Bar is the oldest gay bar in New York City and one of the oldest bars in the city in continuous operation [15]
Dr. Franklin E. Kameny Residence Dr. Franklin E. Kameny House 2012.jpg Washington District of Columbia NRHP Federal November 2, 2011 Home of gay rights activist Frank Kameny [1]
James Merrill House James Merrill House exterior.jpg Stonington Connecticut NRHP
NHL
Federal August 28, 2013 Home of poet James Merrill and his partner David Noyes Jackson [1]
Pauli Murray Family Home Pauli Murray Family Home.jpg Durham North Carolina NRHP
NHL
Federal December 23, 2016 Home of civil rights advocate Pauli Murray [16]
Nob Hill - Washington District of Columbia HABS Federal - 1101 Kenyon St. NW, Washington, DC, was the Nob Hill, a bar for African American gay men [17]
Bayard Rustin Residence Penn South on Ninth Avenue.jpg New York City New York NRHP Federal August 3, 2016 In 1962, Bayard Rustin (1912-1987) bought apartment 9J in Building 7 of the Penn South Complex, West Chelsea, Manhattan [18]
Phase One Phase-one.jpg Washington District of Columbia HABS Federal - 525 8th St. SE, Washington, DC, was the Phase 1, a bar for lesbian women [19]
Pier 9 Bar - Washington District of Columbia HABS Federal - 1824 Half St., SW, Washington, DC, was the Pier 9 Bar, a disco for gay men [20]
Stonewall Inn Stonewall Inn 2012 with gay-pride flags and banner.jpg New York City New York NRHP
NHL
NM
Federal June 28, 1999 Site of the Stonewall riots of 1969. First recognized National Historic Landmark and National Monument. [1]
Sunny Slope Cemetery - Saunemin Illinois - - - Jennie Hodgers, woman soldier who served in Union army, is buried at Sunny Slope Cemetery [21]
Walt Whitman House Walt Whitman's house Wellcome L0010043.jpg Camden New Jersey NRHP
NHL
Federal October 15, 1966 House of Walt Whitman from 1884 till death [13]
Whiskey Row Historic District Louisville - Hamilton Brothers Warehouse.jpg Louisville Kentucky NRHP
HD
Federal June 4, 2010 105 West Main Street was The Downtowner, a gay bar, from 1975 to 1989 [22]
Williams Building San Francisco California - - - The Williams Building, 689-93 Mission St, was the national headquarters of the Mattachine Society and Daughters of Bilitis [23]
The Women's Building The Women's Building.jpg San Francisco California SFDL Local - The Women's Building was founded in 1971 among others, by San Francisco lesbian leader Roma Guy, featured in the ABC mini-series "When We Rise". [24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Bajko, Matthew S. (October 23, 2014). "Scores of LGBT sites eyed for landmark status". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  2. ^ "Elizabeth Alice Austen House--Clear Comfort". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  3. ^ "The Preservation of LGBTQ Heritage". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Cinema Follies, DC". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  5. ^ "The Clubhouse, Washington, DC". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Earl Hall Nominated for National Register". Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Edificio Comunidad de Orgullo Gay de Puerto Rico". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Elks Athletic Club". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Federal Building (50 UN Plaza), San Francisco". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  10. ^ "The Furies Collective". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Red, Green and Blue: Identifying Philadelphia's LGBTQ+ Historic Places". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Great Wall of Los Angeles (Mural)". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Walt Whitman". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Teaching LGBTQ History and Heritage". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Julius' Bar". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  16. ^ https://www.nps.gov/nhl/news/LC/fall2016/PauliMurrayFamilyHome.pdf
  17. ^ "Nob Hill, Washington, DC". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  18. ^ "Bayard Rustin Residence". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Phase One, Washington, DC". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  20. ^ "Pier 9 Bar, Washington, DC". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Jennie Hodgers". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Whiskey Row Historic District". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  23. ^ "San Francisco: Placing LGBTQ Histories in the City by the Bay". nps. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  24. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. (2018). "Women's Building closer to being nat'l historic site". The Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 15 March 2018.