LGBT history in Brazil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Prior to 1800[edit]

  • 1533: Portuguese Penal Code is instituted by colonial administration in Brazil. It illegalizes sodomy or any sort of sexual intercourse between people of the same sex; it was influenced by the English Buggery Act 1533.[1]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

  • 1978: SOMOS: Grupo de Affirmação Homossexual, Brazil's first LGBT activist group, founded in São Paulo
  • 1979: O Lampião, a gay magazine, with contributions by many famous authors, like João Silvério Trevisan, Aguinaldo Silva and Luiz Mott, is launched. It survived for three years.
  • 1979 Grupo Lésbico-Feminista is formed in São Paulo by Míriam Martinho, Rosely Roth and others. It remains active for 3 years.[4]

1980-1989[edit]

  • 1980: Grupo Gay da Bahia, the oldest gay rights organization in Brazil, is founded in Salvador, Bahia, together with SOMOS, another organization in São Paulo, State of São Paulo.
  • 1981: Grupo Ação Lésbica-Feminista (GALF) is formed in São Paulo with former members of Grupo Lésbico-Feminista and begins publishing a feminist journal "ChanacomChana".[4] The banning of distribution of this journal in 1983 at the Ferro Bar and the protest that ensued is known as the Brazilian Stonewall.[5] It remains active until 1989.[4]
  • 1985: the Federal Council of Medicine of Brazil removes homosexuality from further mention as "deviant".[6]
  • 1989: The constitutions of Mato Grosso and Sergipe states are signed into law. They explicitly forbid discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation.[7][8]

1990-1999[edit]

  • 1995: Congresswoman Marta Suplicy proposes Bill project No. 1151 concerning civil unions. The bill is pending approval in the House since 1995.
  • 1997: G Magazine, the first gay-oriented erotic magazine is published enjoying large and national distribution.
  • 1999: the Federal Council of Psychology published a resolution that has standardized the conduct of psychologists face the question: "... psychologists did not collaborate with events or services proposing treatment and cure of homosexuality."

21st century[edit]

2000-2009[edit]

  • 2000: On November 30, the city council of Niterói, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, passed an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in public places and institutions as well as in businesses.
  • 2004: Rio Grande do Sul allows same-sex partners to register civil unions in a generic civil law notary after a court decision in March 2004.[9]
  • 2006: A male gay couple from Catanduva, São Paulo officially adopts a five-year-old girl.[10] According to Folha de S. Paulo, a lesbian couple from Rio Grande do Sul was the first to use this right.[11]
  • June 10, 2007: In its eleventh edition, the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade breaks its own record as the biggest parade in the world and attracts 3.5 million people.[12]
  • June 25, 2007: The Richarlyson affair occurred in which a judge was brought before the Justice Council of São Paulo for stating in court that soccer is a "virile, masculine sport and not a homosexual one." However, afterwards the same judge apologized and afterwards decided to annul the decision he wrote.[13]
  • 2008: National LGBT Conference was held. The event, the first in the world to be organized by a government, is a result of demands made by civil society and the Brazilian government's support of LGBT people's rights.[14]

2010-present[edit]

  • 2010: In a landmark trial by ministers themselves, the 4th Class of the Superior Court of Justice of Brazil acknowledged, unanimously, that homosexual couples have the right to adopt children.
  • 2011: On May 5, Supremo Tribunal Federal unanimously extended the Stable Unions institute (União Estável) to same-sex couples nationwide by redifining the laic definition of family and provided 112 rights to these couples. The extension of marriage institute was not discussed in this decision.[15][16][17][18]
  • 2011: On June 27, first same-sex civil union was converted into a same-sex marriage in Brazil. A Brazilian judge in São Paulo had converted a civil union into a same-sex marriage, a first in the nation.
  • 2011: On June 28, another stable union between same-sex couples has been converted into a marriage. This time it was Judge Jennifer Antunes de Souza, the 4th of Brasilia Family Court which upheld the order.[19]
  • 2011: On October 25, The Superior Court of Justice declared that the legal union of two women who petitioned the court could be recognized as a marriage. The decision of the Supreme Court will only reach the authors of the demand, but a precedent for other couples do the same request.[20]
  • 2013: On May 14, 2013, Brazil’s National Council of Justice ruled that same-sex couples should not be denied marriage licenses, allowing same-sex marriages to begin nationwide. (Previously, about half of Brazil’s 27 jurisdictions had allowed same-sex marriage). This year, the country also legalized adoption by same-sex couples. [21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English Buggery Act 1533 and Portuguese Penal Code 1533 (Portuguese)
  2. ^ Beyond Carnival. Green, James. The University of Chicago Press. 1999. (Portuguese)
  3. ^ "Where is it illegal to be gay?". BBC News. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Cardoso, Elizabeth (September–December 2004). "Imprensa feminista brasileira pós-1974". Revista Estudos Feministas (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Escola de Comunicações e Artes da Universidade de São Paulo. 12 (Special Florianópolis). ISSN 0104-026X. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Dimenstein, Gilberto (26 June 2003). "Bar das lésbicas entra na história" (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Árvore da vida. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  6. ^ Homosexuality is not a deviancy - Federal Council of Medicine of Brazil (Portuguese)
  7. ^ "[http://www.al.mt.gov.br/v2007/doc/constituicao_estadual_mt.pdf Constituicao do Estado de Mato Grosso (Constitution of the State of Mato Grosso) (1989)" (PDF).  External link in |title= (help)Constituicao do Estado de Mato Grosso (Constitution of the State of Mato Grosso) (1989) (1.71 KB) (Portuguese)
  8. ^ Constituicao do Estado Sergipe (Constitution of the State of Sergipe) (1989) (Portuguese) Nuvola-inspired File Icons for MediaWiki-fileicon-doc.pngDOC
  9. ^ Notary of Rio Grande do Sul accept registration of same-sex civil union. Terra. March 4, 2004. (Portuguese)
  10. ^ "Cartórios do RS aceitam registro de união gay". Baptista, Renata. Folha de S. Paulo. November 23, 2006. (Portuguese)
  11. ^ Justiça autoriza casal gay a adotar criança no interior de SP. Folha de S. Paulo. November 28, 2006. (Portuguese)
  12. ^ São Paulo Gay Pride Parade. Folha de S. Paulo. June 10, 2007. (Portuguese)
  13. ^ Em programa de TV, Richarlyson nega ser homossexual (Portuguese)
  14. ^ 2008 National LGBT Conference (English)
  15. ^ Same-sex civil union in Brazil (English)
  16. ^ Direitos dos homossexuais com a decisão do STF (Portuguese)
  17. ^ Por unanimdade STF reconhece União Estável Gay (Portuguese)
  18. ^ STF retoma julgamento sobre União Estável (Portuguese)
  19. ^ Brasília também tem casamento gay nesta terça-feira Brazilian Institute of Family Law, 28/06/2011, via archive.org (Portuguese)
  20. ^ http://bagarai.com.br/stj-esta-perto-de-validar-casamento-civil-homossexual.html
  21. ^ [1]