LGBT rights in Slovakia
|LGBT rights in Slovakia|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1962 as part of Czechoslovakia,
age of consent equalized in 1990
|Gender identity/expression||Allowed to change legal gender.|
|Military service||Gays and lesbians allowed to serve|
|Discrimination protections||Sexual orientation protection since 2002
|Same-sex marriage constitutionally banned.|
|Adoption||Single LGBT person allowed to adopt.|
Lesbian, gay bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Slovakia face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Slovakia, but households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex couples.
Law regarding same-sex sexual activity
Recognition of same-sex relationships
There is no legal recognition of same-sex unions in Slovakia. On 4 June 2014, the Slovak parliament approved a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage, with 102 deputies for and 18 deputies against the legislation.
An Anti-Discrimination Act was adopted in 2004, in requirement with European Union protocols on anti-discrimination in its member states. The Act, broadened in 2008, makes it illegal to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation in a wide variety of areas, including employment, education, housing, social care and the provision of goods and services.
In May 2013, the Criminal Code was amended to include sexual orientation as a ground for hate crimes, allowing penalty enhancements where a crime is motivated by homophobia.
Slovakia's first gay pride event took place on 22 May 2010 in Bratislava. A crowd of about a thousand were confronted by anti-gay right-wing groups. While the National and Bratislava's municipal police forces kept the two sides apart, several anti-protesters were able to infiltrate Pride and throw stones at speakers and dispearse tear gas into the crowd. Pride demonstrators had to cancel their march through the city center, but were able to cross the Danube under police protection. Twenty-nine persons were arrested. Gay Pride has since improved its security measures and it has been supported by many foreign embassies.
A Pew Global Attitudes Project survey recorded that 66% of Slovaks believe that homosexuality should be accepted by society. A European Union poll shows 19% of Slovaks support same-sex marriage, however, a more recent survey shows that more than 50.4% of Slovaks would vote in favor of registered partnerships.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 1962)|
|Equal age of consent||(Since 1990)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment||(Since 2004)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services||(Since 2008)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Same-sex marriage||(Constitutional ban since 2014)|
|Recognition of same-sex unions||(Proposed)|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood||(12 months deferral)|
- Slovakia - Status of sexual minorities
- Radoslav, Tomek (4 June 2014). "Slovak Lawmakers Approve Constitutional Ban on Same-Sex Marriage". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States Part II: The Social Situation
- Law change criminalises homophobia
- (Slovak) Dúhový pochod stopli extrémisti
- Veľvyslanci podporujú Dúhový Pride
- Gay guide
- Eight EU Countries Back Same-Sex Marriage
- Poll by the Focus, 2015