LGBT rights in Angola
|LGBT rights in Angola|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Illegal|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Angola face legal issues and social attitudes not experienced by non-LGBT citizens. Homosexuality between consenting adults in private remains illegal under the current provision of "offenses against public morality" law. In 2010, the Angolan government refused to receive openly gay Isi Yanouka as the new Israeli ambassador, due to his sexual orientation.
LGBT citizens were not expressly mentioned in the previous Constitution, ratified in 1992. The new Constitution of 2010 does make some general provisions concerning human rights, freedom, equality and tolerance that may apply to all citizens, irrespective of sexual orientation or gender identity. For example, the Constitution stipulates that the government will work to secure equal rights and opportunities for all citizens, irrespective of, among other things, "any other form of discrimination".
Laws regarding same-sex sexual acts
The age of consent in Angola is 12. However, while rarely prosecuted, sexual relations with a child between the ages of 12 and 15 can sometimes be considered sexual abuse which is punishable with up to 8 years in prison.
Articles 70 and 71 of the national penal code are a vaguely worded prohibition against public immorality, which may be used against homosexuality and cross-dressing.
Discrimination and harassment
Discrimination or bias motivated harassment against LGBT people is not expressly prohibited in Angola, although some news reports have stated that a revised code will prohibit some forms of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
Political parties and non-governmental organizations
No individual politician or political party in Angola has formally come out in favor of LGBT rights, and official government policy in this area tends to reflect prevailing social attitudes. In 2010, the Angolan government refused to receive openly gay Isi Yanouka as the new Israeli ambassador, due to his sexual orientation.
The government does allow for non-governmental organizations to exist in Angola, including ones for LGBT people.
In the 1920s, a German anthropologist named Kurt Falk published his research on African tribes, which included some acceptance of bisexuality. Yet, this is not the norm within contemporary Angola, where attitudes about sexual orientation and gender identity are heavily influenced by Christian/European traditions, especially as slightly more than half the population lives in cities where the influence of traditional African religions and customs is weak to non-existent.
Most Angolan citizens have been raised within a Christian tradition that views homosexuality and cross-dressing negatively. Some LGBT Angolans have reported being verbally and physical harassed by people who believe that they are immoral, but there are also some signs of tolerance.
One of the most popular musical artists in Angola is a transsexual person who goes by the name Titica. She is part of a growing rap-techno fusion music style known as "kuduro".
The religious values of some Angolans are not consistent with the support of same-sex marriage or LGBT adopting or having custody of children. In general, significant social pressure is put on people to marry a suitable partner of the opposite sex and have children.
As of 2010, no legal recognition exists for same-sex couples. In 2005, the unofficial commitment ceremony of a gay couple was treated as "shameless" and "abominable" in the national news magazines.
Officially, transmission of AIDS-HIV is primarily through heterosexual conduct. The criminal laws and social stigma make it difficult to target AIDS-HIV education programs for LGBT people. The high level of poverty means that many people who are infected find it difficult to access medical care and other necessities of life.
Efforts to develop educational program specifically for LGBT people have struggled to receive funding from NGOs. The first association, Acção Humana (Human Action), was launched in 2006 but has been unable to receive funding. In 2007, a study on AIDS-HIV estimated that roughly five percent of HIV infections are from men who have sex with other men.
An AIDS-HIV educational program for LGBT in Angola is just beginning to develop, through the work of NGOs, such as the Population Services International.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||Penalty: Fines, restrictions or penal labor. (Not enforced)|
|Equal age of consent|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- Hartman, Ben (2010-04-30). "Was diplomat denied post in Angola because he is openly gay?". Jpost.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Biggest Ever Studies on Attitudes to Religion and Morality in Africa Released
- "Comparative Criminology | Africa - Angola". Rohan.sdsu.edu. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
- "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices". State.gov. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
- Redvers, Louise (2012-04-12). "BBC News - Transsexual artist Titica takes Angola by storm". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- ANGOLA - STATUS OF SEXUAL MINORITIES, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, at the Asylum Documentation Program /SF website
- "Angola News & Reports". Globalgayz.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Asylumlaw.org: Sexual Minorities & HIV Status (Angola) — various information packets used for asylum purposes
- Angola travel advice: Local laws and customs — UK government