LGBT rights in Greenland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
LGBT rights in Greenland
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1933,
age of consent equalized in 1977 (Danish law)
Gender identity/expression
Military service Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly (Danish military)
Discrimination protections Sexual orientation protections (see below)
Family rights
Recognition of
Same-sex marriage from 1. October 2015

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Greenland are very similar to those in Denmark. Same-sex sexual activity is legal, with an equal age of consent, and there are broad anti-discrimination laws. Furthermore, same-sex couples have access to registered partnerships, which provide them with nearly all of the rights provided to married opposite-sex couples.

In 1979, Denmark granted Greenland autonomy under the Home Rule Act, although it still influences the island's culture and politics.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Further information: LGBT rights in Denmark

As is the case with Denmark, same-sex sexual activity is not a crime.[1] It was legalized by Denmark in 1933, and age of consent equalized in 1977, two years prior to the Home Rule Act.

Recognition of same-sex relationships[edit]

Further information: Same-sex marriage in Denmark

Greenland adopted Denmark's registered partnership law on 1 July 1996.[2] Registered partnerships are called inooqatigiittut nalunaarsorsimasut in Greenlandic.

Denmark's marriage law, as supported by the government of Greenland, was postponed in 2014 because of early parliamentary elections held in November 2014.[3][4] A bill to legalise same-sex marriage in Greenland had its first reading on 25 March 2015 and was approved unanimously on a second reading held on 26 May 2015.[5] The law will come into effect on 1 October 2015.[6] However, in order that the provisions of the royal decree to this effect would be fully implementable legislation has to be ratified by the Folketing (Denmark's national Parliament).

Greenland's Registered Partnership Law will be repealed on same day that the same-sex marriage law comes into effect.[7]

Adoption and family planning[edit]

Currently, there is only a chance at step-adoption,[8] lesbians are also granted more parental rights than gay men, as a law regarding IVF for female couples was legalized in 2006. Joint adoption of same-sex couples will be legal on 1 October 2015.

Discrimination protections[edit]

Denmarks's anti-discrimination laws apply to Greenland.[1]

LGBT rights movement in Greenland[edit]

There was an LGBT rights organization called "Qaamaneq" (Light) (2002-2007), which has organized social events.[9] The organization was reestablished in 2014 as LGBT Qaamaneq.[10]

On 15 May 2010, Greenland held its first pride parade in Nuuk.[11][12][13]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1933)
Equal age of consent Yes (Since 1977)
Anti-discrimination laws in hate crime Yes (Since 2010)[14]
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes (Since 2010)[14]
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Same-sex marriage(s) Yes (From 1 October 2015)
Recognition of same-sex couples Yes (Since 1996)[14]
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2009)[14]
Joint adoption by same-sex couples Yes (From 1 October 2015)
Gays allowed to serve in the military Yes (Since 1978; Denmark responsible for defence)
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes (Since 2006)
Right to change legal gender No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]