LGBT rights in Guam
|LGBT rights in Guam|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1979|
|Gender identity/expression||Gender changes are legal in Guam|
|Discrimination protections||Yes, both sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (employment only)|
|Same-sex marriage since June 9, 2015|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Guam now have discrimination protections in employment and marriage as of August 12, 2015. Same-sex sexual activity has not been criminalized since 1978 and same-sex marriage is allowed since 2015. However, Guam lacks a hate crimes statute, but Federal law provides for hate crime coverage since 2009. Also Guam provides LGBT residents protection against discrimination since 2015. Since the 1990s, there has been a visible LGBT social scene, with a handful of nightclubs and social functions organized locally. Gender changes are also legal in Guam.
Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity
Recognition of same-sex unions
Guam became the first overseas territory of the United States to recognise and perform same-sex marriages in June 2015. On June 5, 2015, Chief Judge Frances Tydingco-Gatewood of the United States District Court for the District of Guam ruled Guam's prohibition on same-sex couples marrying is unconstitutional. She cited the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Latta v. Otter striking down identical bans in Idaho and Nevada.
In 2009, a measure was introduced into the Legislature of Guam that would have given same-sex couples some of the same legal rights and responsibilities as opposite-sex married couples. It was not voted on.
Guam began recognizing and performing same-sex marriages on June 9, 2015, following a ruling of the District Court of Guam on June 5, 2015 striking down the territory's prohibition of same-sex marriage. Guam repealed its discriminatory statutory language after passing Bill 119-33 on August 11, 2015.
Discrimination and hate crimes
Bill 102-33 bans discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression in employment. Federal law covers hate crimes on both sexual orientation and gender identity since 2009, under the federal Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act.
Gender identity or expression
Gender changes are legal in Guam.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||Since 1978|
|Equal age of consent||Since 1978|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)||/ (covered by Federal hate crimes law since 2009)|
|Same-sex marriages||Since 2015|
|Recognition of same-sex couples||Since 2015|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples||Since 2002|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples||Since 2002|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military||Since 2011|
|Right to change legal gender|||
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- "Gay rights map: Notes on the data". BBC News. February 5, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- "Guam Considers Recognizing Gay Unions". On Top Magazine. August 18, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
- Aguon, Mindy (February 24, 2011). "Gay community hopeful for Guam civil unions". Kuam News. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "Guam becomes first US territory to recognise same-sex marriage". The Guardian. 5 June 2015.
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