LGBT rights in Guam
|LGBT rights in Guam|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal status||Legal since 1978|
|Gender identity/expression||Gender changes are legal|
|Discrimination protections||Yes, both sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (employment only)|
|Same-sex marriage since June 9, 2015|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Guam have improved significantly in recent years. Same-sex sexual activity has not been criminalized since 1978 and same-sex marriage is allowed since 2015. The territory now has discrimination protections in employment for both sexual orientation and gender identity. However, Guam lacks a hate crimes statute, but federal law provides for hate crime coverage since 2009. Since the 1990s, there has been a visible LGBT social scene, with a handful of nightclubs and social functions organized locally. Gender changes are also legal in Guam.
Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity
Recognition of same-sex relationships
Guam became the first overseas territory of the United States to recognize and perform same-sex marriages in June 2015. On June 5, 2015, Chief Judge Frances Tydingco-Gatewood of the United States District Court for the District of Guam ruled that Guam's prohibition on same-sex couples marrying is unconstitutional. She cited the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Latta v. Otter striking down identical bans in Idaho and Nevada. The Legislature passed the Guam Marriage Equality Act of 2015 on August 11, 2015, making Guam's marriage laws gender-neutral.
In 2009, a measure was introduced into the Legislature of Guam that would have given same-sex couples some of the same legal rights and responsibilities as opposite-sex married couples. It was not voted on.
Adoption and parenting
In May 2017, the Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services announced it would list both same-sex parents on birth certificates. This came after a same-sex couple were initially denied the right to list both their names on their child's birth certificate.
Discrimination protections and hate crimes laws
In August 2015, the Legislature unanimously passed Bill 102-33, which bans discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression in employment. Federal law covers hate crimes on both sexual orientation and gender identity since 2009, under the federal Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act.
Gender identity or expression
Gender changes are legal in Guam. In order for transgender people to change their legal gender in Guam, they must provide the Office of Vital Statistics a sworn statement from a physician that they have undergone sex reassignment surgery. The Office will subsequently amend the birth certificate of the requester.
Since 2015, gay and bi men in Guam are allowed to donate blood following a one year deferral period.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 1978)|
|Equal age of consent||(Since 1978)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment||(Since 2015)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Same-sex marriages||(Since 2015)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples||(Since 2015)|
|Stepchild adoption by same-sex couples||(Since 2015)|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples||(Since 2015)|
|LGB people allowed to serve openly in the military||(Since 2011)|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood||/ (Since 2015; 1 year deferral period)|
- "Gay rights map: Notes on the data". BBC News. February 5, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- Court strikes down Guam's same-sex marriage ban
- "Guam becomes first US territory to recognise same-sex marriage". The Guardian. 5 June 2015.
- Guam officially approves same-sex marriage
- Federal judge strikes down Guam’s same‑sex marriage ban
- Legislature passes Marriage Equality Act
- "Guam Considers Recognizing Gay Unions". On Top Magazine. August 18, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
- Aguon, Mindy (February 24, 2011). "Gay community hopeful for Guam civil unions". Kuam News. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- IVF AROUND THE WORLD: Which Countries Treat Lesbian Couples?
- Gay couple wins battle Birth certificate to get both parents' names
- Marriage Equality and Employment Nondiscrimination Acts Pass
- Guam National Center for Transgender Equality
- FDA overturns 30-year ban on blood donations by gay men Reuters
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