LGBT rights in Madagascar

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StatusLegal among persons at least 21 years old
Gender identityNo
Discrimination protectionsNone
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsNo

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Madagascar face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity among persons at least 21 years of age is legal in Madagascar. The Penal Code provides for a prison sentence of two to five years and a fine of 2 to 10 million ariary (US$900 to US$4,500) for acts that are "indecent or against nature with an individual of the same sex under the age of 21".[1]

Recognition of same-sex unions[edit]

Madagascar does not recognise same-sex marriage or civil unions.

Adoption and family planning[edit]

Only married, heterosexual couples may adopt children in Madagascar.[2]

Discrimination protections[edit]

The law in Madagascar does not outlaw discrimination with regard to sexual orientation or gender identity.

Life conditions[edit]

The U.S. Department of State's 2011 Human Rights Report found that "[t]here was general societal discrimination against the LGBT community" and that "[s]exual orientation and gender identity were not widely discussed in the country, with public attitudes ranging from tacit acceptance to violent rejection, particularly of transgender sex workers". The report also found that, "LGBT sex workers were frequently targets of aggression, including verbal abuse, stone throwing, and even murder. In recent years, awareness of 'gay pride' increased through positive media exposure, but general attitudes have not changed."[1]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Always legal)
Equal age of consent No[3]
Anti-discrimination laws in hate speech and violence No
Anti-discrimination laws in employment No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Same-sex marriage No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military No
Right to change legal gender No
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b 2011 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Madagascar, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, page 26
  2. ^ Intercountry Adoption: Madagascar, Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State, January 2011 Archived 31 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]