LGBT rights in Mauritius
|LGBT rights in Mauritius|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Sodomy illegal|
|Up to 5 years imprisonment|
|Discrimination protections||Sexual orientation protected (employment only)|
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) rights in Mauritius are legally complicated and vague in the republic. Although the law is silent on the topic of homosexuality and gender identity itself, sodomy is illegal and banned by the laws of the county. The nation was one of the 66 signatories of support for the UN declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity. Although same-sex relationships are not recognized, LGBT people are protected from any kind of discrimination with the constitution guaranteeing the right of individuals to private life.
Laws about same-sex sexual activity
According to an unofficial translation of Section 250 of the Mauritius Criminal Code of 1838, "Any person who is guilty of the crime of sodomy [...] shall be liable to penal servitude for a term not exceeding 5 years."
The Equal Opportunities Act 2008 prohibits employers from discriminating against persons based on their sexual orientation, with "sexual orientation" being defined to mean "homosexuality (including lesbianism), bisexuality or heterosexuality".
Adoption of children
According to a 2006 report, adoptive parents may be either single or married. LGBT persons are not specifically disqualified.
According to a website of the French government, single and married people are eligible to adopt children. The website does not say whether LGBT people are disqualified.
LGBT rights organisations
Founded in 2005, Collectif Arc en Ciel ("Rainbow Collective") is the pioneer and main organization for the LGBT community in Mauritius. The group organized the first Gay Pride walk in Mauritius and has been doing so for the last ten years gathering more than 1200 participants in 2016. The organization fights homophobia and discrimination based on sexual orientation through numerous campaigns and also provides support to the young LGBTQI community.
Founded on 1 September 2014, Young Queer Alliance is an organisation for the young-LGBTQI community in Mauritius.  The Young Queer Alliance engages in support, advocacy and fights homophobia and discrimination based on sexual orientation.
Other LGBT initiatives
Some initiatives indicates an increasing acceptance towards the LGBT community in Mauritius:
Founded in 2014, Moments.mu became the first travel agency in Mauritius to dedicate their services to the LGBT community.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Anal sex remains illegal for all punishable with 5 years imprisonment)|
|Equal age of consent|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only||(Since 2008)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services||(Since 2012)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples||(Proposed)|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples||(Proposed)|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples||(Proposed)|
|Homosexuals allowed to serve openly in the military||(No army)|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples||(Under consideration)|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- LGBT rights in Africa
- Human rights in Africa
- Gay Mauritius News & Reports (GlobalGayz)
- LGBT Mauritius
-  Archived 6 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults", International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, authored by Lucas Paoli Itaborahy and Jingshu Zhu, May 2013, page 51 Archived 19 July 2013 at WebCite
- Equal Opportunities Act 2008, International Labor Organization
- "Intercountry Adoption: Mauritius", Passports USA, April 2006
- "Fiches pays Adoption: Maurice", France Diplomatie, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Google translation
- "LGBT Mauritius". Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Young Queer Alliance
- Young Queer Alliance, Article de l'Express, 12 September 2015
- Harley Street Fertility Centre Mauritius