LGBT rights in Panama
|LGBT rights in Panama|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 2008|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Panama may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Panama. Same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal benefits and protections available to opposite-sex married couples.
Legality of same-sex sexual activity
Recognition of same-sex relationships
There is no recognition of same-sex couples. A proposal that would have provided for same-sex civil unions was defeated in 2004, mainly due to pressure on the government from the Catholic Church. 12% of Panamanians support same-sex marriage being recognized in the country.
There are no laws protecting gays from discrimination. Article 39 of the Constitution forbids the creation of "companies, associations or foundations" that are contrary to moral or legal order. In the past this has been used to refuse registration of gay organisations.
LGBT rights movement in Panama
In 1996 Panama's first lesbian and gay organisation Asociación Hombres y Mujeres Nuevos de Panamá (AHMNP; "New Men and Women of Panama Association") was founded. It received legal recognition in 2005 after a three-year battle with the authorities and the Catholic Church. It is still the only gay and lesbian organisation in Panama.
In 2004 they presented a petition calling for partnership rights. In June 2005 Panama's first Gay Pride March was held with 100 AHMNP demonstrators. In may 2015 the second LGBT-rights organisation was formed in Panamá: Unión de la diversidad.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 2008)|
|Equal age of consent|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military||Has no military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- "Decreto Ejecutivo Nº 332 de 29 de julio de 2008" (PDF). Gaceta Oficial (in Spanish). Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "Gay sex becomes legal in Panama". Pinknews.co.uk. 2008-08-14. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- Panama: Support Civil Union Proposal Now under Attack by the Catholic Church
- "Abortion Rejected by Nearly 90% of Panamanians, Same Sex ‘Marriage’ Rejected by 80%". Lifesitenews.com. 2005-05-25. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- "Unión de la diversidad".
- Religion in Latin America Chapter 5: Social Attitudes
- Religion in Latin America Appendix A: Methodology
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to LGBT in Panama.|