LGBT rights in Saint Lucia

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LGBT rights in Saint Lucia
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Male illegal
Female legal.
Up to 10 years imprisonment as well as a fine.
Gender identity/expression -
Discrimination protections No
Family rights
Recognition of
Adoption -

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people living in Saint Lucia face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT members of the population.

Same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity is illegal for males in Saint Lucia.

Criminal Code, No. 9 of 2004 (Effective January 1, 2005)

Gross Indecency [1]
Section 132.
  • (1) Any person who commits an act of gross indecency with another person commits an offence and is liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for ten years or on summary conviction to five years.
  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an act of gross indecency committed in private between an adult male person and an adult female person, both of whom consent.
  • (3) For the purposes of subsection (2) —
    • (a) an act shall be deemed not to have been committed in private if it is committed in a public place; and
    • (b) a person shall be deemed not to consent to the commission of such an act if —
      • (i) the consent is extorted by force, threats or fear of bodily harm or is obtained by false and fraudulent representations as to the nature of the act;
      • (ii) the consent is induced by the application or administration of any drug, matter or thing with intent to intoxicate or stupefy the person; or (iii) that person is, and the other party to the act knows or has good reason to believe that the person is suffering from a mental disorder.
  • (4) In this section “gross indecency” is an act other than sexual intercourse (whether natural or unnatural) by a person involving the use of the genital organs for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire.”
Section 133.
  • (1) A person who commits buggery commits an offence and is liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for —
    • (a) life, if committed with force and without the consent of the other person;
    • (b) ten years, in any other case.
  • (2) Any person who attempts to commit buggery, or commits an assault with intent to commit buggery, commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for five years.
  • (3) In this section “buggery” means sexual intercourse per anus by a male person with another male person.”

Opposition to the UN declaration[edit]

Saint Lucia was also the only UN member in the Americas to formally oppose the UN declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity.[2]

Discrimination protections[edit]

Article 131 of the Labour Code, enacted in 2006, bans "unfair dismissal" based on sexual orientation.[3]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal No For male (Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment and a fine) / Yes For female
Equal age of consent No For male / Yes For female
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes since 2006
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriages No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Has no military
Right to change legal gender No
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]