LGBT rights in Solomon Islands
|Penalty||Up to 14 years imprisonment (not enforced)|
|Military||No armed forces|
|Recognition of relationships||No|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Solomon Islands face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Male same-sex sexual activity is illegal, punishable by up to 14 years imprisonment, but the law is not enforced.
Legality of same-sex activity
Engaging in anal sex acts with another person is punishable by up to 14 years imprisonment under Section 160, Chapter 26 of the Penal Code of Solomon Islands. Attempting anal intercourse can be punished by up to seven years imprisonment. Acts of "gross indecency", even in private, can be punished with five years imprisonment. However, the United States Department of State reported that there were no reports in 2010, 2011, 2012, or 2013 of arrests or prosecutions directed at LGBT people.
It is advisable that gay and lesbian citizens and travellers avoid public displays of affection, which could be categorized by the Solomon Islands penal code as an act of gross indecency, a felony, liable to imprisonment for five years.
The Law Reform Commission proposed legalising gay and lesbian sexual activity in December 2008, but the move was strongly opposed. The government told the United Nations in 2011 that it had no intention of decriminalising homosexuality.
Recognition of same-sex relationships
Solomon Islands does not recognise same-sex unions in any form.
In June 2018, Governor General Frank Kabui, while acknowledging the existence of LGBT people in the Solomon Islands and stating that “It is not wrong to born with gay or lesbian inclination, it is said to be biological and is beyond individual control.", he stated his opposition to same-sex marriage, denying any attempt to change the laws, justifying that by the criminal code that prohibits same-sex sexual activity and by the Bible and Christian religious grounds.
Solomon Islands is currently reforming its Constitution. In the first draft of 2009 of the new Constitution of the proposed Federal Democratic Republic of Solomon Islands, "sexual orientation" was explicitly and newly included as a prohibited ground of discrimination. In the 2011 draft and the 2013 draft, there was no mention of "sexual orientation". In the latest second 2014 draft (published on 6 May 2014), "sexual orientation" was not put as a prohibited ground of discrimination. As of 2019, the constitutional reform is still in the process.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(For males, not enforced)/ (For females)|
|Equal age of consent||(For males)/ (For females)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Hate crime laws include sexual orientation and gender identity|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Stepchild adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|LGBT people allowed to serve openly in the military||Has no military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Conversion therapy banned|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- State-sponsored Homophobia A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults Archived 19 July 2013 at WebCite
- "Where is it illegal to be gay?". BBC News. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "2012 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Solomon Islands", United States Department of State
- "Travel.state.gov - LGBT rights"
- Sireheti, Joanna, "Strong Public Opposition to Idea on Legalising Gay and Lesbian Status," Solomon Times Online, 23 December 2008
- "Homosexuality to remain illegal in Samoa, Solomon Islands and PNG", Radio Australia, 21 October 2011
- Verheyen, Vincent Mia E. "Sexual orientation [LGBTQ+] and the draft of the new Solomon Islands Constitution". Retrieved 3 March 2016.