LGBT rights in Suriname
|LGBT rights in Suriname|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal, age of consent not equal|
|Discrimination protections||Yes, some sexual orientation protections (see below)|
|No recognition of same-sex couples|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Suriname may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Suriname. Hate speeches on the basis of sexual orientation are banned in the country.
Legality of same-sex sexual activity
Recognition of same-sex relationships
In March 2015, the Government introduced hate speech legislation which included sexual orientation as a ground for non-discrimination complaints. Specifically Articles 175, 175a and 176 of the Surinamese Penal Code were updated to include sexual orientation. Violation of this law can result in a prison sentence of up to one year or a fine. Despite the protective legislation, the LGBT community continued to face discrimination from the Government and society. In 2014, the Government explicitly excluded LGBT people from a social security legislation. According to the United States Department of State, some members of Parliament and the then-Vice President spoke out openly against LGBT persons, comparing homosexuality to a disease and inciting hatred and violence. Additionally, in 2015, there were reports of societal discrimination against the LGBT community in the areas of employment and housing.
Gender identity and expression
In January 2017, a judge granted a transgender woman the right to have her gender formally changed with the Central Bureau of Civil Affairs and ordered the registry to officially change her registration to reflect her amended status. The Association of Pentecostal Churches in Suriname (VVPES) and the Suriname Islamic Association (SIV), which had protested against and opposed the right to recognize a gender change indicated they would "accept the verdict". In February 2017, the Central Bureau of Civil Affairs formally appealed the court ruling.
Suriname's first public gay rights march took place on 11 October 2011 (National Coming Out Day in the United States, Nationale kom-uit-de-kastdag in the Netherlands) in Paramaribo, following Ronny Asabina's comments against homosexuality in June. Two members of the National Assembly, including Harish Monorath, attended the event. It was partly organized by Suriname Men United, the largest gay men's organization in the country.
In May 2015, PlanetRomeo, a LGBT social network, published its first Gay Happiness Index (GHI). Gay men from over 120 countries were asked about how they feel about society’s view on homosexuality, how do they experience the way they are treated by other people and how satisfied are they with their lives. Suriname was ranked 46th with a GHI score of 48.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 1869)|
|Equal age of consent|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)||(Since 2015)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Stepchild adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|LGBT people allowed to serve openly in the military|
|Right to change legal gender||(Court decision pending)|
|Equal access to IVF and surrogacy for all couples and individuals|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults" (PDF).
- SURINAME 2015 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT
- What is the Suriname Age of Consent?
- Suriname Should Do the Right Thing on LGBT Rights at the UN
- Human Rights Situation for LGBTI Persons and Sexual Rights in the Republic of Suriname
- "Transgender wins case for sex change recognition". Philipsburg, Sint Maarten: The Daily Herald. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Leeuwin, Wilfred (11 January 2017). "Yvanna Hilton mag als vrouw door het leven" (in Dutch). Paramaribo, Suriname: De Ware Tijd. Archived from the original on 12 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Suriname appeals transgender verdict". www.thedailyherald.sx.
- Reuters (2011-10-12). "Suriname holds first gay rights march". News24.
- Support for Same‐Sex Marriage in Latin America
- The Gay Happiness Index. The very first worldwide country ranking, based on the input of 115,000 gay men Planet Romeo
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