LGBT rights in Togo

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LGBT rights in Togo
Location Togo AU Africa.svg
Same-sex sexual intercourse legal status Illegal since 1884 (as Togoland)[1]
1-3 years imprisonment, fine
Gender identity/expression Unknown
Military service Unknown
Discrimination protections No
Family rights
Recognition of
Adoption Unknown

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Togo face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Togo.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity is illegal, with a penalty of one to three years imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 to 500,000 CFA francs.[2][3][Note 1]

Adoption of children[edit]

According to a website of the French government, single and married people are eligible to adopt children. The website does not say whether LGBT people are disqualified.[4]

Living conditions[edit]

No law protects persons from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.[2]

The U.S. Department of State's 2011 human rights report found that,

The law provides that a person who engages in a consensual same-sex sexual act may be punished by one to three years' imprisonment and fined 100,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($208 to $1,041). There were no prosecutions [in 2011] for homosexuality or the often related charge of indecent assault. The eight persons arrested for same-sex sexual conduct in 2010 remained incarcerated. Societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity occurred, and there were no known lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender organizations.[2]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal No (Penalty: Fine and up to 3 years imprisonment)
Equal age of consent No
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriages No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Emblem-question.svg
Right to change legal gender No
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The official text of Article 88 in French (Code pénal):

    Sera puni d'un emprisonnement d'un à trois (03) ans et d'une amende de 100 000 à 500 000 francs quiconque aura commis un acte impudique ou contre nature avec un individu de son sexe.