LGBT rights in Vatican City
|LGBT rights in Vatican City|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal|
|Gender identity/expression||(see below)|
The legal code regarding homosexuality in the Vatican City is based on the Italian penal code of 1929, the time of the founding of the sovereign state of the Vatican City. However, it was announced in late 2008 that the Vatican "will no longer automatically adopt new Italian laws as its own", as a top Vatican official said, citing the vast number of laws Italy churns out, many of which are at odds with Catholic doctrine".
There are no criminal laws against non-commercial, private, adult and consensual same-sex sexual activity. The age of consent is 17 years old.
The 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church which represents the present Catholic Doctrine recommends a trial for those who engage in same sex sexual activity. On December 18, 2008, the Vatican, but not the Papacy which governs, heeded into pressure from the United Nation and formally endorsed the decriminalization of same-sex sexual activity, despite expressing opposition to such decriminalization a month prior.
Vatican City State does not have any civil rights provisions that include sexual orientation or gender identity. However, the 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church recommends no discrimination for homosexuals.
LGBT people are not officially banned from living or visiting the Vatican City State, but public displays of affection or public advocacy for LGBT rights are frowned upon within the Vatican City State.
According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church:
- "Man and woman have been created, which is to say, willed by God: on the one hand, in perfect equality as human persons; on the other, in their respective beings as man and woman. "Being man" or "being woman" is a reality which is good and willed by God: man and woman possess an inalienable dignity which comes to them immediately from God their Creator. Man and woman are both with one and the same dignity "in the image of God". In their "being-man" and "being-woman", they reflect the Creator's wisdom and goodness."
In 2000, the Holy See took the official position that transsexual people remain the same sex they were born with, and transsexualism is a mental disorder. However, the Vatican stated that "[a transgender] procedure could be morally acceptable in certain extreme cases if a medical probability exists that it will "cure" the patient's internal turmoil."
There are no known cases of AIDS or HIV infection in Vatican City. Internationally, the Vatican government has been a leading opponent of the use of condoms as part of any campaign to stop the spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In 2006, the Holy See said it was conducting a scientific and moral study on the use of condoms in the fight against the pandemic.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 1890)|
|Equal age of consent||(Since 1890)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military||Has no military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- LGBT rights in Europe
- Roman Catholic views on homosexuality
- Index of Vatican City-related articles
- Instruction Concerning the Criteria for the Discernment of Vocations with regard to Persons with Homosexual Tendencies in view of their Admission to the Seminary and to Holy Orders
- Vatican ends automatic adoption of Italian law. Reuters. Retrieved on 26 October 2010.
- , Catechism of the Catholic Church, Part One, Section Two, Chapter One, Article One, Paragraph Six, #369.
- Catholic News Service, Vatican says 'sex-change' operation does not change person's gender
- Condoms and the Vatican | FP Passport. Blog.foreignpolicy.com (21 November 2006). Retrieved on 26 October 2010.
- Vatican Studying Condoms and AIDS. Washingtonpost.com (25 April 2006). Retrieved on 26 October 2010.