LGBT rights in the Americas

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LGBT rights in Americas
Americas (orthographic projection).svg
Americas
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal in 25 out of 35 states
Legal in all 20 territories
Gender identity/expression Legal in 15 out of 35 states
Legal in 9 out of 20 territories
Military service Allowed to serve openly in 16 out of 29 states that have an army
Legal in all 20 territories
Discrimination protections Legal in 17 out of 35 states
Legal in 15 out of 20 territories
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
Legal in 10 out of 35 states
Legal in 10 out of 20 territories
Restrictions:
Same-sex marriage constitutionally banned in 7 out of 35 states
Adoption Legal in 7 out of 35 states
Legal in 10 out of 20 territories

Laws governing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights are complex in the Americas, and acceptance of LGBT persons varies widely. Same-sex marriages have been legal in Canada nationwide since 2005, in Argentina since 2010, in Brazil nationwide and Uruguay since 2013, in the United States nationwide since 2015 and in Colombia since 2016. In Mexico, same-sex marriages are performed in Mexico City and the states of Quintana Roo, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Jalisco, Guerrero, Campeche, Colima, and Michoacán; those unions are recognized nationwide. Same-sex marriages are also legal in the Caribbean Netherlands, while marriages performed in the Netherlands are recognized in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. More than 700 million people live in nations or sub-national entities in the Americas where same-sex marriages are available.

Furthermore, some other nations have laws recognizing other types of same-sex unions (Ecuador and Chile), as well as LGBT adoption and military service by LGBT people. However, ten other nations, all of them in the former British West Indies, still have criminal punishment for “buggery” on their statute books.[1] These ten countries include Jamaica, Dominica, Barbados, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Lucia, Antigua & Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada and Saint Kitts and Nevis.


Religion and LGBT acceptance[edit]

The British, French, Spanish and Portuguese colonists, who settled most of the Americas, brought Christianity from Europe. In particular, the Roman Catholic Church and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, both of which oppose legal recognition of homosexual relationships followed by Eastern Orthodox church,[2] the Methodist Church,[3][4] and some other Mainline (Protestant) denominations, such as the Reformed Church in America[5] and the American Baptist Church,[6] as well as Conservative Evangelical organizations and churches, such as the Evangelical Alliance. The Southern Baptist Convention.[7][8][9] Pentecostal churches such as the Assemblies of God,[10] as well as Restorationist churches, like Jehovah's Witnesses and Mormons, also take the position that homosexual sexual activity is sinful.[11][12]

However, other denominations have become more accepting of LGBT people in recent decades, including the Episcopal Church in the United States, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada, the Anglican Church of Canada, the United Church of Canada, the United Church of Christ, the Unitarian Universalist Association, and the Society of Friends (Quakers), and some congregations of the Presbyterian Church (U. S. A.). Most of these denominations now perform same-sex weddings or blessings. Furthermore, many churches in the United Methodist Church in the US are choosing to officiate and bless same-sex marriage despite denomination-wide restrictions. [13] In addition, in the United States Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism, and Reconstructionist Judaism now welcome LGBT worshippers and perform same-sex weddings.

State recognition of same-sex relationships in North America & Hawaii.1
  Same-sex marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Same-sex marriages recognized, but not performed
  Binding judicial ruling against a ban on same-sex marriage2
1May include recent laws or court decisions which have created legal recognition of same-sex relationships, but which have not entered into effect yet.
2Some states in these categories also have a ban unions similar to marriage and binding judicial rulings against bans unions similar to marriage.
Homosexuality laws in Central America and the Caribbean Islands.
  Same-sex marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Foreign same-sex marriages recognized
  No recognition of same-sex couples
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal but not enforced
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal only for males
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal for males and females
Homosexuality legislation in Lesser Antilles.
  Same-sex marriage
  Same-sex marriage only recognized
  Other type of partnership
  Unrecognized or unknown
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal but not enforced
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal
Recognition of same-sex unions in South America
  Marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Unrecognized
  Same-sex marriage banned
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal


Legislation by country or territory

Tables:

North America[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Bermuda Bermuda
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 1994 (age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Court decision pending) No (Court decision pending) Yes Legal since 2015[14] Yes UK responsible for defence. No Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[15] No
Canada Canada Yes Legal since 1969 (age of consent discrepancy and prohibition of anal intercourse in some cases)
+ UN decl. sign.[1][16]
Yes Domestic partnership in Nova Scotia (2001)[17];
Civil union in Quebec (2002)[18];
Adult interdependent relationship in Alberta (2003)[19];
Common-law relationship in Manitoba (2004)[20]
Yes Legal in some provinces and territories since 2003,
nationwide since 2005
.[21]
Yes Legal in some provinces and territories since 1996, nationwide since 2010.[22] Yes Since 1992[23] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech. Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal in Manitoba and Ontario since 2015 (proposed in other jurisdictions). Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention in most provinces and territories (not required in Ontario, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia); Explicit anti-discrimination protections only in Nunavut,[24] Alberta, British Columbia,[25] Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Quebec, the Northwest Territories and Nova Scotia implicit elsewhere.[26][27][28][29]
Greenland Greenland
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark)
Yes Legal since 1933
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Registered partnership since 1996[30] Yes Legal since 2016 Yes Step-child adoption since 2009.[31] Joint adoption since 2016.[32] Yes Since 1978 (Denmark responsible for defence) Yes/No Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] No
Mexico Mexico Yes Legal since 1871
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes/No Civil union in Mexico City (2007), Coahuila (2007),[33] Colima (2013),[34] Campeche (2013),[35] Jalisco (2014)[36] Yes/No Legal in Mexico City (2010),[37] Quintana Roo (2012),[38] Coahuila (2014), Chihuahua (2015), Guerrero (2015), Nayarit (2015), Jalisco (2016), Campeche (2016), Michoacán (2016), Colima (2016), Morelos (2016).
All states are obliged to honour same-sex marriages performed in states where it is legal.[37]
(Proposed nationwide).[39][40]

The Supreme Court has declared that it is unconstitutional to deny marriage licenses to same-sex couples in all states,[41] but as state constitutions were not invalidated, individual injunctions must still be obtained from the court.[42][43]

Yes/No Explicitly legal in Mexico City (2010)[44], Coahuila (2014), Michoacán (2016), Colima (2016). [45]
Nationwide, married same-sex couples may adopt.[46]
Yes Yes Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[47] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name in Mexico City since 2008.[48] Mexico adopted a legal protocol for gender identity and sexual orientation in 2014 based upon constitutional provisions to equally protect the rights of all citizens.[49]
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre et Miquelon
(Overseas collectivity of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[50] Yes Legal since 2013[51] Yes Legal since 2013[52] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[53] Yes Requires sterilization for legal change.[54]
United States United States Yes Legal in some states since 1962, nationwide since 2003
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Domestic partnership in California (1999),[55] the District of Columbia (2002),[56] Maine (2004),[57] Oregon (2008),[58] Maryland (2008),[59] Wisconsin (2009)[60] and Nevada (2009)[61];
Civil union in New Jersey (2007),[62] Illinois (2011),[63] Hawaii (2012),[64] and Colorado (2013)[65]
Yes Legal in some states since 2004.
Nationwide since 2015
, except American Samoa and some tribal jurisdictions.[66][67]
Yes Legal in some states since 1993.
Nationwide since 2015, except American Samoa.[67]
Yes Since 2011[68] Yes Federal executive order prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation for employees in the federal civilian workforce, along with the government employment in the District of Columbia, and the United States Postal Service, since 1998 (see Executive Order 12968 and Executive Order 13087). Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation with minors by mental health professionals illegal in some states. (Banned in California, Illinois, New Jersey, Oregon, the District of Columbia and some cities such as Miami Beach, Cincinnati and Seattle). Included in the federal hate crimes law since 2009.
(Sexual orientation discrimination in public and private employment)
Yes/No Gender identity discrimination in employment and healthcare insurance banned since 2012.[69][70] Included in the federal hate crimes law since 2009. Employment discrimination based on sexual orientation banned since 2015.[71]
(Gender identity discrimination in public and private employment)

Central America[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Belize Belize Yes Legal since 2016[72] No No No No Yes Section 16(3) of the constitution bans discrimination on the basis of sex, race, place of origin, political opinions, colour or creed[73] The ruling overturning Section 53 of the criminal code specifically stated "sex" as mentioned in Section 16(3) of the constitution, includes sexual orientation.[74][75] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal name without surgeries.

No Gender change is not allowed.[76]

Costa Rica Costa Rica Yes Legal since 1971
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Unregistered cohabitation since 2014;
(De facto union pending)[77][78]
No (Court decision pending) No(Court decision pending) LGBT individuals may adopt.[79] Has no military. Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[1] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal name without surgeries. Judicial permission required.

No Gender change is not allowed.

El Salvador El Salvador Yes Legal since the 1800s
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Court decision pending) No (Constitutional ban pending) (Court decision pending)[80] No(Court decision pending) Yes[81] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[81] Yes Bans hate crimes based on gender identity.[82][83]
Guatemala Guatemala Yes Legal since 1800's
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Proposed) No (Proposed) No (Proposed) Emblem-question.svg No Yes Transgender persons can change their legal name without surgeries. Judicial permission required.[84]

No Gender change is not allowed.

Honduras Honduras Yes Legal since 1899
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2005.[85][86] No No Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech.[87] Yes Bans hate crimes based on gender identity.[1]
Nicaragua Nicaragua Yes Legal since 2008
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] No
Panama Panama Yes Legal since 2008
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No(Court decision pending) No(Court decision pending) No(Court decision pending) Has no military. No (Anti-discrimination law proposed).[88] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2006.[89] Legal name change, without surgeries, is allowed since 2016.[90]

Caribbean[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Anguilla Anguilla
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2000
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes UK responsible for defence. No No
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda No Illegal
Penalty: 15-year prison sentence.[1]
No No No No No No
Aruba Aruba
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil Unions since 2016[91] No (Proposed)/Yes[citation needed]
Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized.[92]
No (Proposed) Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence. No No
The Bahamas Bahamas Yes Legal since 1991 (age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes[1] No No
Barbados Barbados No Illegal
Penalty: Life imprisonment (not enforced) (Proposed) .[1]
No No No No No No
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2000
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes UK responsible for defence. Yes Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[93] No
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
(Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba; Special municipalities of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Registered partnership since 2012[94] Yes Legal since 2012[95] Yes[96] Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence. Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[97] Yes[98]
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2000 (age of consent discrepancy)[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No/Yes Same-sex marriage not expressly prohibited under Cayman Islands law, but Constitutional right of a man and a woman to marry a person of the opposite sex since 2009.[99] Same-sex marriages performed in a foreign country are now recognized for immigration purposes. [100] No Yes UK responsible for defence. No No
Cuba Cuba Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Proposed) No Constitutional ban since 1976. No Yes[1] Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[101][102] Yes[103]
Curaçao Curaçao
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Proposed)[citation needed] No (Proposed)/Yes Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized.[92] No (Proposed) Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence. No No
Dominica Dominica No Illegal
Penalty: 10-year prison sentence or incarceration in a psychiatric institution (Not enforced)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No No No No
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Yes Legal since 1822
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2010.[104] No No[105] No No
Grenada Grenada No Male illegal
Penalty: 10-year prison sentence
Yes Female always legal.[1]
No No No Has no military. No No
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[50] Yes Legal since 2013[51] Yes Legal since 2013[52] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[53] Yes Requires sterilization for legal change.[54]
United States Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
(Extraterritorial jurisdiction of the United States)
Yes Legal since 1903 Yes Yes Legal Yes Legal Yes USA responsible for defense. Yes[106] Yes[107]
Haiti Haiti Yes Legal since 1986[1] No No No Has no military. No No
Jamaica Jamaica No Male illegal
Penalty: 10 years hard labor (not enforced)
Yes Female always legal.[1]
No No No No No No
Martinique Martinique
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[50] Yes Legal since 2013[51] Yes Legal since 2013[52] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[53] Yes Requires sterilization for legal change.[54]
Montserrat Montserrat
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2000
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2010.[108] No Yes UK responsible for defence. Yes Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[109] No
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of the United States)
Yes Legal since 2003
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Since 2015 Yes Legal since 2015[110] Yes Legal since 2015 Yes Since 2011[68] Yes Bans hate crimes since 2002 and anti–employment discrimination since 2013. US hate crime laws also apply. Yes Bans hate crimes since 2002 and anti–employment discrimination since 2013. US hate crime laws also apply.
Flag of Saint Barthelemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy
(Overseas collectivity of France since 2007)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[50] Yes Legal since 2013[51] Yes Legal since 2013[52] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[53] Yes Requires sterilization for legal change.[54]
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis No Male illegal
Penalty: 10 years
Yes Female always legal.[1]
No No No No No No
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia No Male illegal
Penalty: fine and/or 10-year prison sentence
Yes Female always legal.[1]
No No No Has no military. No No
Flag of France.svg Saint Martin
(Overseas collectivity of France since 2007)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[50] Yes Legal since 2013[51] Yes Legal since 2013[52] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[53] Yes Requires sterilization for legal change.[54]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No Illegal
Penalty: fine and/or 10-year prison sentence.[1]
No No No Has no military. No No
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Proposed)[citation needed] No (Proposed)/Yes Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized.[92] No (Proposed) Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence. No No
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago No Illegal
Penalty: 25-year prison sentence (not enforced).[1]
No No No No No No
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2000
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2011.[111] No Yes UK responsible for defence. Yes Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[1] No
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands
(Unincorporated organized territory of the United States)
Yes Legal Yes Yes Legal Yes Legal Yes USA responsible for defense. No No
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands
(Insular area of the United States)
Yes Legal since 1985
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Since 2015[67] Yes Legal since 2015[67] Yes Legal since 2015[67] Yes Since 2011[68] Yes The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well. Yes The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well.

South America[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Argentina Argentina Yes Legal since 1887
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil union in Buenos Aires (2003)[112] and Rio Negro (2003)[113]
Cohabitation union nationwide since 2015[114]
Yes Legal since 2010.[115] Yes Legal since 2010 Yes Since 2009[116] Yes/No Legal protection in some provinces (federal law pending).[117] Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal. Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial permission since 2012.[118]
Bolivia Bolivia Yes Legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Constitutional ban on free unions.[119]
(Family life agreement pending)[120]
No Constitutional ban since 2009.[121] No LGBT individuals may adopt.[122] Emblem-question.svg[123][124][125] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech.[1] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial permission since 2016.[126][127][128][129]
Brazil Brazil Yes Legal since 1831
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes "Stable unions" legal in some states since 2004. All rights as recognized family entities available nationwide since 2011.[130][131] Yes Legal in some states since 2012, nationwide since 2013.[132][133] Yes Legal since 2010[134] Yes Since 1969[135] Yes/No All state-sanctioned social discrimination of citizens since 1988. Legal protection for sexual orientation in many jurisdictions (expansion of anti-discrimination (all) national Constitutional amendment discussed in the Senate).[136] Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal since 1999.[137][138] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2009.[139][140][141]
Chile Chile Yes Legal since 1999 (age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil union agreement since 2015.[142] No (Pending).[143] No/Yes (Pending) Same-sex couples may adopt, although only one is recognized as legal parent.

LGBT individuals may adopt (Joint and step-child adoption pending).[144]

Yes Since 2012.[145] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination since 2012.[146] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2007. Judicial permission required.[147] Currently, a broader gender identity law (which would not require any surgeries or judicial permission) is being discussed by the congress.[148][149]
Colombia Colombia Yes Legal since 1981
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto marital union since 2007.[150] Yes Legal since 2016.[151] Yes Step-child adoption since 2014.[152] Joint adoption since 2015.[153] Yes Since 1999. Since 2009 the military special social security system can be used by same sex couples in the army.[1] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination including hate speech since 2011.[154] Yes Since 2015, transgender persons can change their legal gender and name manifesting their solemn will before a notar, no surgeries or judicial order required.[155]
Ecuador Ecuador Yes Legal since 1997
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto union since 2009.[156][157] No Constitutional ban since 2009.[158] No LGBT individuals may adopt.[159] Emblem-question.svg[160] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[161] Yes Since 2016, transgender persons are allowed to change their birth name and gender identity (instead of the sex assigned at birth) on legal documents. No surgeries or judicial order required.[162][163][164]
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 1989
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Pending)[165] No (Pending)[165] No(Pending) Yes UK responsible for defence. Yes Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[166] No
French Guiana French Guiana
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999.[50] Yes Legal since 2013.[51] Yes Legal since 2013.[52] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[53] Yes Requires sterilization for legal change.[54]
Guyana Guyana No Illegal
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment (not enforced).[1]
No No Emblem-question.svg[167] Yes[168] No No
Paraguay Paraguay Yes Legal since 1880 (age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Constitutional ban since 1992.[169] No Constitutional ban since 1992.[170] No Emblem-question.svg No (Proposed).[171] No
Peru Peru Yes Legal since 1836-1837
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Pending)[172] No No Yes Since 2009.[173] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination since 2017.[174][175][176] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2016. Judicial permission required.[177][178]
Suriname Suriname Yes Legal since 1869 (age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl.
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech since 2015.[179] No (Court decision pending).[180][181]
Uruguay Uruguay Yes Legal since 1934
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Concubinage union since 2008.[182] Yes Legal since 2013[183] Yes Legal since 2009[184] Yes Since 2009.[185] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination since 2004.[186] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name since 2009.[187]
Venezuela Venezuela Yes Legal since 1997
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No (Proposed) No (Proposed).[188] No(Proposed) No Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] No


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Holy Synod - Encyclicals - Synodal Affirmations on Marriage, Family, Sexuality, and the Sanctity of Life". Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "The Christian Life - Christian Conduct". Free Methodist Church. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  4. ^ "British Methodists reject blessing of same-sex relationships". The United Methodist Church. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  5. ^ "Summaries of General Synod Discussions and Actions on Homosexuality and the Rights of Homosexuals". Reformed Church in America. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  6. ^ "We Are American Baptists". American Baptist Churches USA. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  7. ^ "Southern Baptist Convention". Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Statement on Homosexuality
  9. ^ "EPC". Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Homosexuality
  11. ^ "Homosexuality—How Can I Avoid It?". Awake!: 28–30. February 2007. 
  12. ^ "Interview With Elder Dallin H. Oaks and Elder Lance B. Wickman: "Same-Gender Attraction"". www.mormonnewsroom.org. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Reconciling Ministries Network". Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ Johnson, Ayo (June 15, 2013). "MPs approve historic Human Rights Act changes". The Royal Gazette. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Criminal Code (R.S., 1985, c. C-46), Section 159, Subsection (1)". Department of Justice Canada. 21 May 2010.
  17. ^ Law Reform (2000) Act
  18. ^ An Act instituting civil unions and establishing new rules of filiation
  19. ^ "Alberta: Adult Interdependent Relationships". Legal Resource Center of Alberta. 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-28. 
  20. ^ THE COMMON-LAW PARTNERS' PROPERTY AND RELATED AMENDMENTS ACT
  21. ^ LOI CONCERNANT CERTAINES CONDITIONS DE FOND DU MARIAGE CIVIL
  22. ^ Status differs in provinces and territories:
  23. ^ "Canadian Armed Forces". The Canadian Lesbian & Gay Archives. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  24. ^ [2]
  25. ^ [3]
  26. ^ Northwest Territories Human Rights Act, S.N.W.T. 2002, c.18. Section 5.
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  28. ^ http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/topic.page?id=C53953157EE344A681EFD28325B526F4
  29. ^ http://vitalstats.gov.mb.ca/change_of_sex_designation.html
  30. ^ "1995-96 - L 162 (oversigt): Forslag til lov om ændring af kriminalloven og arveloven for Grønland. (Ændringer som følge af indførelse af registreret partnerskab)" (in Danish). Webarkiv.dk. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  31. ^ (Danish) Anordning om ikrafttræden for Grønland af lov om ændring af lov om registreret partnerskab m.v.
  32. ^ L 122 Forslag til lov om ændring af myndighedsloven for Grønland, lov om ikrafttræden for Grønland af lov om ægteskabets retsvirkninger, retsplejelov for Grønland og kriminallov for Grønland.
  33. ^ (Spanish) Leopoldo Ramos (11 January 2007). "Aprueba Coahuila la figura del pacto civil de solidaridad". La Jornada. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  34. ^ (Spanish) Pedro Zamora Briseño (29 July 2013). "Aprueba Colima "enlace conyugal" entre parejas del mismo sexo". Proceso. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  35. ^ http://www.sdpnoticias.com/gay/2013/12/23/legalizan-bodas-gays-en-campeche
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  37. ^ a b David Agren (10 August 2010). "Mexican States Ordered to Honor Gay Marriages". New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  38. ^ (Spanish) Varillas, Adriana (3 May 2012). "Revocan anulación de bodas gay en QRoo". El Universal. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  39. ^ (Spanish) Mauricio Torres (14 November 2013). "Senadores proponen legalizar el matrimonio gay en todo México". CNN México. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  40. ^ (Spanish) "Propone Fernando Mayans Canabal reconocer el matrimonio sin distinción de preferencia sexual". Senado de México. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
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  43. ^ "Suprema Corte ampara matrimonio igualitario" (in Spanish). Mexico: Animal Politico. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  44. ^ Associated Press (4 March 2010). "Mexico City's gay marriage law takes effect". MSNBC. Retrieved 6 March 2010. 
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