LGBT rights in the Americas

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Americas (orthographic projection).svg
Americas
StatusLegal in 26 out of 35 states
Legal in all 21 territories
Gender identityLegal in 13 out of 35 states
Legal in 8 out of 21 territories
MilitaryAllowed to serve openly in 14 out of 29 states that have an army
Allowed in all 21 territories
Discrimination protectionsProtected in 22 out of 35 states
Protected in 14 out of 21 territories
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsRecognized in 10 out of 35 states
Recognized in 18 out of 21 territories
RestrictionsSame-sex marriage constitutionally banned in 7 out of 35 states
AdoptionLegal in 7 out of 35 states
Legal in 12 out of 21 territories

Laws governing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights are complex in the Americas, and acceptance of LGBT persons varies widely. Same-sex marriages have been legal in Canada (nationwide) since 2005, in Argentina since 2010, in both Brazil (nationwide) and Uruguay since 2013, in the United States (nationwide) since 2015, in Colombia since 2016 and in Ecuador since 2019. In Costa Rica, it will become legal by 2020 at the latest. In Mexico, same-sex marriages are performed in Mexico City and in the states of Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla Quintana Roo and San Luis Potosí, as well as in certain municipalities in Guerrero, Querétaro and Zacatecas. Those unions are recognized nationwide.

Among non-independent states, same-sex marriage is also legal in Greenland, the British Overseas Territories of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, all French territories (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Barthélemy, French Guiana, Saint Martin, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon), and in the Caribbean Netherlands, while marriages performed in the Netherlands are recognized in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. More than 700 million people live in nations or sub-national entities in the Americas where same-sex marriages are available.

In January 2018, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled that the American Convention on Human Rights recognizes same-sex marriage as a human right. This has made the legalization of such unions mandatory in the following countries: Barbados, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname. Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Uruguay are also under the court's jurisdiction but had already same-sex marriage before the ruling was handed down.

Furthermore, some other nations have laws recognizing other types of same-sex unions, like Costa Rica and Chile), as well as LGBT adoption and military service by LGBT people.

However, nine other nations still have criminal punishment for "buggery" on their statute books.[1] These nine countries are Jamaica, Dominica, Barbados, Saint Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Guyana, the last of which is on mainland South America. They are all former parts of the British West Indies.

Religion and LGBT acceptance[edit]

The British, French, Spanish and Portuguese colonists, who settled most of the Americas, brought Christianity from Europe. In particular, the Roman Catholic Church and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, both of which oppose legal recognition of homosexual relationships followed by Eastern Orthodox church,[2] the Methodist Church,[3][4] and some other Mainline (Protestant) denominations, such as the Reformed Church in America[5] and the American Baptist Church,[6] as well as Conservative Evangelical organizations and churches, such as the Evangelical Alliance. The Southern Baptist Convention.[7][8][9] Pentecostal churches such as the Assemblies of God,[10] as well as Restorationist churches, like Jehovah's Witnesses and Mormons, also take the position that homosexual sexual activity is sinful.[11][12]

However, other denominations have become more accepting of LGBT people in recent decades, including the Episcopal Church in the United States, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada, the Anglican Church of Canada, the United Church of Canada, the United Church of Christ, the Unitarian Universalist Association, and the Society of Friends (Quakers), and some congregations of the Presbyterian Church (U. S. A.). Most of these denominations now perform same-sex weddings or blessings. Furthermore, many churches in the United Methodist Church in the US are choosing to officiate and bless same-sex marriage despite denomination-wide restrictions.[13] In addition, in the United States Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism, and Reconstructionist Judaism now welcome LGBT worshippers and perform same-sex weddings.

State recognition of same-sex relationships in North America & Hawaii.
  Same-sex marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Same-sex marriages recognized, but not performed
  Binding judicial ruling against a ban on same-sex marriage
Homosexuality laws in Central America and the Caribbean Islands.
  Same-sex marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Country subject to IACHR ruling
  No recognition of same-sex couples
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal but law not enforced

Recognition of same-sex unions in the Lesser Antilles
  Same-sex marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  No recognition of same-sex couples
  Constitutional ban on same-sex marriage
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal but penalties not enforced
  Island subject to IACHR ruling, penalty not enforced

Recognition of same-sex unions in South America
  Marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Country subject to IACHR ruling (Venezuela: only Guaidó administration accepts jurisdiction of IACHR)[14]
  Unrecognized
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal, though penalties not enforced


Legislation by country or territory

Tables:

North America[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Bermuda Bermuda
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 1994;
Age of consent discrepancy
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Domestic partnerships since 2018[15] Yes Legal since November 2018 and between May 2017 and June 2018 Yes Legal since 2015[16] Yes UK responsible for defence No Bans all anti-gay discrimination[17] No
Canada Canada Yes Legal since 1969
+ UN decl. sign.[1][18]
Yes Domestic partnerships in Nova Scotia (2001);[19]
Civil unions in Quebec (2002);[20]
Adult interdependent relationships in Alberta (2003);[21]
Common-law relationships in Manitoba (2004)[22]
Yes Legal in some provinces and territories since 2003, nationwide since 2005[23] Yes Legal in some provinces and territories since 1996, nationwide since 2011[24] Yes Since 1992[25] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination. Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal in Manitoba and Ontario since 2015, and Vancouver and Nova Scotia since 2018 Yes Transgender people can change their gender and name without completion of medical intervention and human rights protections explicitly include gender identity or expression within all of Canada since 2017[26][27][28][29]
Greenland Greenland
(autonomous constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark)
Yes Legal since 1933
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Registered partnerships between 1996 and 2016 (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[30] Yes Legal since 2016 Yes Stepchild adoption since 2009;[31]
joint adoption since 2016[32]
Yes Since 1978 (Denmark responsible for defense) Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1] No
Mexico Mexico Yes Legal since 1871
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes/No Civil unions in Mexico City (2007), Coahuila (2007),[33] Colima (between 2013 and 2016),[34] Campeche (2013),[35] Jalisco (between 2014 and 2018),[36] Michoacán (2015) and Tlaxcala (2017) Yes/No Legal in Mexico City (2010),[37] Quintana Roo (2012),[38] Coahuila (2014), Chihuahua (2015), Nayarit (2015), Jalisco (2016), Campeche (2016), Michoacán (2016), Colima (2016), Morelos (2016), Chiapas (2017), Puebla (2017), Baja California (2017), Nuevo León (2019), Aguascalientes (2019), San Luis Potosí (2019), Hidalgo (2019) and Baja California Sur (2019)
All states are obliged to recognise same-sex marriages performed in states where it is legal.[37][39][40]
The Supreme Court has declared that it is unconstitutional to deny marriage licenses to same-sex couples in all states,[41] but as state laws were not invalidated, individual injunctions must still be obtained from the courts[42][43]
Yes/No Legal in Mexico City (2010),[44] Coahuila (2014), Chihuahua (2015), Michoacán (2016), Colima (2016), Morelos (2016), Campeche (2016), Veracruz (2016), Baja California (2017), Querétaro (2017), Chiapas (2017), Puebla (2017),[45][46] San Luis Potosí (2019)[47] and Hidalgo (2019)[48] Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Yes/No Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name in Mexico City (2008),[50] Michoacán (2017), Nayarit (2017), Coahuila (2018), Hidalgo (2019) and San Luis Potosí (2019)[51]
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(Overseas collectivity of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[52] Yes Legal since 2013[53] Yes Legal since 2013[54] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[55] Yes Under French law[56]
United States United States Yes Legal in some states since 1962, nationwide since 2003
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Domestic partnerships in California (1999),[57] the District of Columbia (2002),[58] Maine (2004),[59] Oregon (2008),[60] Maryland (2008),[61] and Nevada (2009);[62]
Civil unions in New Jersey (2007),[63] Illinois (2011),[64] Hawaii (2012),[65] and Colorado (2013)[66]
Yes Legal in some states since 2004, nationwide since 2015[67] Yes Legal in some states since 1993, nationwide since 2016[68] Yes "Don't ask, don't tell" policy was abolished in 2011, meaning that since then LGB people have been allowed to serve openly in the military.[69]
Most transgender people are banned from serving since April 12, 2019 (can only serve in basis of biological sex)[citation needed][70][71][72]
Yes/No Federal executive order prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation for employees in the federal civilian workforce, along with government employment in the District of Columbia, and the United States Postal Service, since 1998 (see Executive Order 12968 and Executive Order 13087). Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation with minors by mental health professionals illegal in some states and territories.
Included in the federal hate crime law since 2009.
Sexual orientation discrimination banned in public and private employment in 24 states + D.C.
Yes/No Gender identity discrimination in healthcare insurance banned since 2012.[73][74]
Allowed to change gender under various conditions in 47 states + D.C.
Included in the federal hate crime law since 2009.
Gender identity discrimination banned in public and private employment in 23 states + D.C.

Central America[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Belize Belize Yes Legal since 2016[75] No No No No Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[76][77][78] No[79]
Costa Rica Costa Rica Yes Legal since 1971
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Unregistered cohabitation since 2014[80][81] No/Yes To become legal by May 2020 No To become legal by May 2020[82] Has no military Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[1] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender without surgeries or judicial permission since 2018[83]
El Salvador El Salvador Yes Legal since 1822
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes[84][85] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[84] No[86]
Guatemala Guatemala Yes Legal since 1871
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Pending No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No[87]
Honduras Honduras Yes Legal since 1899
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Constitutional ban on de facto unions since 2005 No Constitutional ban since 2005;[88][89] court decision pending No Constitutional ban since 2005 No Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[90] Emblem-question.svg
Nicaragua Nicaragua Yes Legal since 2008
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1] No
Panama Panama Yes Legal since 2008
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Court decision pending No Court decision pending No Court decision pending Has no military Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[91][92] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2006[93][94]

Caribbean[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Anguilla Anguilla
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes UK responsible for defence No No
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda No Illegal
Penalty: 15-year prison sentence.[1]
No No No No No No
Aruba Aruba
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Registered partnerships since 2016[95] No/Yes Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized[96] No Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence No No
The Bahamas Bahamas Yes Legal since 1991;
Age of consent discrepancy
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes[1] No No
Barbados Barbados No Illegal
Penalty: Life imprisonment (Not enforced).[1] Legalization proposed
No No No No No No
Bonaire Bonaire
(a special municipality of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the municipalities)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes[97] Yes Legal since 2012[98] Yes[99] Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence Emblem-question.svg No
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[100] No
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001; Age of consent discrepancy[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes UK responsible for defence No No
Cuba Cuba Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No legalization pending [101] No Yes[1][102] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination [103][104][105] Yes Transgender people allowed to change gender after sex change operations[106]
Curaçao Curaçao
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Pending No/Yes Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized[96] No Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence No No
Dominica Dominica No Illegal
Penalty: 10-year prison sentence or incarceration in a psychiatric institution.
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No No No No
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Yes Legal since 1822
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2010[107] No No[108] No No
Grenada Grenada No Male illegal
Penalty: 10-year prison sentence.
Yes Female always legal[1]
No No No Has no military No No
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[52] Yes Legal since 2013[53] Yes Legal since 2013[54] Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[55] Yes Under French law[56]
Haiti Haiti Yes Legal since 1791 (as Saint-Domingue)[1] No No No Has no military No No
Jamaica Jamaica No Male illegal
Penalty: 10 years and/or hard labor (Not enforced).
Yes Female always legal.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 1962 No No No No
Martinique Martinique
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[52] Yes Legal since 2013[53] Yes Legal since 2013[54] Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[55] Yes Under French law[56]
Montserrat Montserrat
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2010[109] No Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[110] No
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of the United States)
Yes Legal since 2003 Yes Legal since 2015 Yes Legal since 2015[111] Yes Legal since 2015 Yes United States responsible for defense[69][72] Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Gender change legal since 2018; does not require surgery
Saba Saba
(a special municipality of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the municipalities)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes[97] Yes Legal since 2012[98] Yes[99] Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence Emblem-question.svg No
Flag of Saint Barthelemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy
(Overseas collectivity of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[52] Yes Legal since 2013[53] Yes Legal since 2013[54] Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[55] Yes Under French law[56]
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis No Male illegal
Penalty: 10 years.
Yes Female always legal[1]
No No No No No No
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia No Male illegal
Penalty: Fine and/or 10-year prison sentence.
Yes Female always legal[1]
No No No Has no military No No
Flag of France.svg Saint Martin
(Overseas collectivity of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[52] Yes Legal since 2013[53] Yes Legal since 2013[54] Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[55] Yes Under French law[56]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No Illegal
Penalty: Fine and/or 10-year prison sentence.[1]
No No No Has no military No No
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius
(a special municipality of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the municipalities)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes[97] Yes Legal since 2012[98] Yes[99] Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence Emblem-question.svg No
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country)
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No/Yes Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized[96] No Yes The Netherlands responsible for defence No No
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Yes Legal since 2018[112] No No No No No No
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No Constitutional ban since 2011[113] No Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[1] No
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands
(Territory of the United States)
Yes Legal since 1985 Yes Legal since 2015[68] Yes Legal since 2015[68] Yes Legal since 2015[68] Yes United States responsible for defense[69][72] No No

South America[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Argentina Argentina Yes Legal since 1853
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil unions in Buenos Aires (2003),[114] Río Negro Province (2003),[115] Villa Carlos Paz (2007) and Río Cuarto (2009)
Cohabitation unions nationwide since 2015[116]
Yes Legal since 2010[117] Yes Legal since 2010 Yes Since 2009[118] Yes/No Legal protection in some cities;[119]
pending nationwide.
Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal since 2010
Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial order since 2012[120]
Bolivia Bolivia Yes Legal since 1832
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Constitutional ban on free unions since 2009;[121]
Family life agreement pending[122]
No Constitutional ban since 2009[123] No LGBT individuals may adopt, but not same-sex couples[124] Yes Since 2015[125][126][127] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[1] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial order since 2016[128][129][130][131]
Brazil Brazil Yes Legal since 1831
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes "Stable unions" legal in some states since 2004; all rights as recognized family entities available nationwide since 2011[132][133] Yes Legal in some states since 2012, nationwide since 2013[134][135] Yes Legal since 2010[136] Yes[137] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[138]
Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal since 1999[139][140]
Yes Transgender people can change their legal gender and name before a notary without the need of surgeries or judicial order since 2018[141][142][143]
Chile Chile Yes Legal since 1999;
Age of consent discrepancy
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil unions since 2015[144] No Pending[145] No Pending[146] Yes Since 2012[147] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[148] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name since 1974.
No surgeries or judicial order since 2019.[149]
Colombia Colombia Yes Legal since 1981
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto marital union since 2007[150] Yes Legal since 2016[151] Yes Stepchild adoption since 2014;[152] joint adoption since 2015[153] Yes Since 1999[1] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[154] Yes Since 2015, transgender persons can change their legal gender and name manifesting their solemn will before a notar, no surgeries or judicial order required[155]
Ecuador Ecuador Yes Legal since 1997
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto unions since 2009[156][157] Yes Legal since 2019[158] No LGBT individuals may adopt, but not same-sex couples[159] Emblem-question.svg[160] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[161]
Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal since 2014
Yes Since 2016, transgender persons are allowed to change their birth name and gender identity; no surgeries or judicial order required[162][163][164]
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 1989
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil partnerships since 2017[165] Yes Legal since 2017[165] Yes Legal since 2017 Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[166] No
French Guiana French Guiana
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999[52] Yes Legal since 2013[53] Yes Legal since 2013[54] Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[55] Yes Under French law[56]
Guyana Guyana No Illegal
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment (Not enforced).[1]
No No Emblem-question.svg[167] Yes[168] No No
Paraguay Paraguay Yes Legal since 1880; Age of consent discrepancy
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Constitutional ban since 1992[169] No Constitutional ban since 1992[170] No Yes[171] No No
Peru Peru Yes Legal since 1924
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Proposed[172] No Proposed No Yes Since 2009[173] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[174][175][176][177][178] Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without the need for the completion of medical intervention since 2016. Judicial order required.[179][180]
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom) Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2014[181] Yes Legal since 2014[181] Emblem-question.svg Yes UK responsible for defence Emblem-question.svg No
Suriname Suriname Yes Legal since 1869 (as Dutch Guiana);
Age of consent discrepancy
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[182] No Court decision pending[183][184]
Uruguay Uruguay Yes Legal since 1934
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Concubinage union since 2008[185] Yes Legal since 2013[186] Yes Legal since 2009[187] Yes Since 2009[188] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[189] Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal since 2017 Yes Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial order required since 2009.[190] Self-determination since 2018.
Venezuela Venezuela Yes Legal since 1997
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No Constitutional ban on de facto unions since 1999;
Proposed
No Constitutional ban since 1999;
court decision pending[191]
No No Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1] No


See also[edit]

References[edit]

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