LGBT rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- This article is about the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire). For the Republic of the Congo (also known as Congo-Brazzaville), see LGBT rights in the Republic of the Congo.
|Recognition of relationships||No|
Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity
Same-sex sexual activity is legal in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Age of consent is equal, regardless of sex. Homosexual acts have never been explicitly outlawed in the country's history. Before the foundation of the state in 1960, the Democratic Republic of the Congo was ruled by the European colonial power Belgium. In Belgium, homosexual acts were decriminalized in 1794.
Although same-sex sexual activity is legal, the U.S. Department of State's 2010 Human Rights Report found that "individuals engaging in public displays of homosexuality were subject to prosecution under public decency provisions in the penal code and articles in the 2006 law on sexual violence."
Recognition of same-sex relationships
There is no legal recognition of same-sex unions. The first paragraph of article 40, in the current Congolese constitution, states that "Every individual has the right to marry the person of their choice, of the opposite sex".
The U.S. Department of State's 2010 Human Rights Report found that "homosexuality remained a cultural taboo, and while harassment by state security forces continued, there were no reports during the year of police harassing gays and lesbians or perpetrating or condoning violence against them."
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Always legal)|
|Equal age of consent||(Since 2006)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in hate speech and violence|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Same-sex marriage||(Constitutional ban since 2005)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
- Congo (République Démocratique)
- (in French) Constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo Archived 12 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
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