LGBT rights in Vatican City
|LGBT rights in Vatican City|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal|
|Gender identity/expression||(see below)|
The legal code regarding homosexuality in the Vatican City is based on the Italian penal code of 1929, the time of the founding of the sovereign state of the Vatican City. From 1929 to 2008, the Vatican City automatically adopted most Italian laws; however, it was announced in late 2008 that the Vatican would no longer automatically adopt new Italian laws as its own.
There are no criminal laws against non-commercial, private, adult and consensual same-sex sexual activity. Since 2013, the age of consent is 18 years old, except for sex within (opposite-sex) marriage, in which case it is 14 years old.
The 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church which represents the present Catholic Doctrine says that homosexuals may not be unjustly discriminated against. On December 18, 2008, the Holy See endorsed the decriminalization of same-sex sexual activity, despite expressing opposition to the wording of the "Declaration on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity" presented at the UN General Assembly that same day.
Vatican City State does not have any civil rights provisions that include sexual orientation or gender identity. However, the 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches that while homosexual acts are gravely disordered, there may be no unjust discrimination against homosexuals.
Public displays of affection or public advocacy for LGBT rights are frowned upon within the Vatican City State.
According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church:
- "Man and woman have been created, which is to say, willed by God: on the one hand, in perfect equality as human persons; on the other, in their respective beings as man and woman. "Being man" or "being woman" is a reality which is good and willed by God: man and woman possess an inalienable dignity which comes to them immediately from God their Creator. Man and woman are both with one and the same dignity "in the image of God". In their "being-man" and "being-woman", they reflect the Creator's wisdom and goodness."
In the 2016 document "Amoris Laetitia", written by Pope Francis after a Synod involving a great part of the Catholic bishops from the whole world, he writes that: "It needs to be emphasized that “biological sex and the socio-cultural role of sex (gender) can be distinguished but not separated”."
There are no known cases of AIDS or HIV infection in Vatican City. Internationally, the Vatican government has been a leading opponent of the use of condoms as part of any campaign to stop the spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 1890)|
|Equal age of consent||(Since 1890)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military||Has no military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|
- LGBT rights in Europe
- Roman Catholic views on homosexuality
- Index of Vatican City-related articles
- Instruction Concerning the Criteria for the Discernment of Vocations with regard to Persons with Homosexual Tendencies in view of their Admission to the Seminary and to Holy Orders
- Vatican ends automatic adoption of Italian law. Reuters. Retrieved on 26 October 2010.
- "Legge N. VIII: Norme complementari in materia penale, 11 July 2013 (see Article 8(4) and Article 4(a) - for sex within marriage see Article 8(5))" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-15.
- "Catechism of the Catholic Church - The sixth commandment - Chastity and homosexuality - 2357 - 2359". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
- "STATEMENT OF THE HOLY SEE DELEGATION AT THE 63rd SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS ON THE DECLARATION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY (18 DECEMBER 2008)". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
- , Catechism of the Catholic Church, Part One, Section Two, Chapter One, Article One, Paragraph Six, #369.
-  Amoris Laetitia, par 56
- Condoms and the Vatican | FP Passport. Blog.foreignpolicy.com (21 November 2006). Retrieved on 26 October 2010.